618-3005 – Secondary Metallurgy (SekMet)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Metallurgy and Foundry
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Karel Michalek, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Subject version
Version codeYear of introductionYear of cancellationCredits
618-3005/01 2014/2015 6
618-3005/02 2014/2015 6
618-3005/03 2019/2020 7
618-3005/04 2019/2020 7

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

To give students the ability to define processes occurring in the refining of liquid steel, as well as the ability to be able to explain the essence of refining steel in the ladle and formulate options to use each variant secondary metallurgy. Acquired knowledge: - student will be able to define processes during the refining of liquid steel - student will be able to explain the theoretical basis of the process of refining steel in a ladle - student will be able to formulate the possibility of using the various options of secondary metallurgy Acquired skills: - student will be able to use own knowledge to determine the appropriateness of metallurgical processes of refining steel in a ladle - student will be able to apply own theoretical knowledge to draft modifications in technology and metallurgy of steel refining

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


The subject is focused on theoretical principles of the processes occurring in the refining of molten steel in the ladle refining the essence of technology and equipment ladle metallurgy, as well as steel refining technology inert gases, vacuum refining of steel, steel refining synthetic slag and stainless steel production.

Compulsory literature:

[1]GHOSH, A.: Secondary Steelmaking - Principles and Applications. New York, 2001, 322 p. [2]STOLTE, G.: Secondary Metallurgy - Fundamentals Processes Applications. Düsseldorf, 2002, 216 p [3] ADOLF, Z., SOCHA, L.: Secondary Metallurgy. Lecture Notes. VSB-Technical University of Ostrava, 2016, 61 p.

Recommended literature:

[1] FRUEHAN, R. J.: The Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel. Steelmaking and refining Volume. Chapter 10: EAF. Chapter 12: Refining of Stainless Steel. AISE Steel Foundation, 1998, 767 p. [2] Papers in journals and conference proceedings.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.