223-0210/01 – Material Engineering of Building Materials (MI)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Building Materials and Diagnostics of StructuresCredits5
Subject guarantorIng. Pavel MecSubject version guarantorprof. Ing. Petr Martinec, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2006/2007Year of cancellation2014/2015
Intended for the facultiesFASTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
MAR29 prof. Ing. Petr Martinec, CSc.
SCU007 doc. Ing. Jiří Ščučka, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Combined Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Design of buiding materials for application in construction, evaluation of their properties for industrial applications.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

Fyzika a chemie vybraných stavebních materiálů a konstrukcí, struktury a textury stavebních látek a jejich vliv na vlastnosti stavebních hmot, působení atmosféry a biosféry na materiály a konstrukce, voda a materiály, korozní stavy materiálů. Navazuje na předměty: Stavební hmoty, Stavební tepelná technika a energetika budov a Technologie betonu.

Compulsory literature:

[1] Konta, J. 1982: Keramické a sklářské suroviny. Univ. Karlova, Praha. [2] Kužvart, J. 1986: Nerostné suroviny. Universita Karlova, Praha. [3] Bareš, R.1988: Kompositní materiály. SNTL, Praha. [4] Brázdil R. et al. 2007: Vybrané přírodní extrémy a jejich dopady na Moravě a ve Slezsku Masarykova universita, ČHMÚ a Ústav geoniky AVČR, Prha, Brno a Ostrava. [5] Dobrý,O.- Palek, L. 1988: Koroze betonu ve stavební praxi. SNTL Praha. [6] Drochytka, R. 1998: Plastické látky ve stavebnictví. CERN, Brno. [7] Drochytka, R. et al. 2000: Keramické dlažby a obklady. Vega, Hradec Králové. [8] Hlaváč, J. 1981 Základy technologie silikátů. SNTL, Praha. [9] Harmáček, J. 1961: Stavební pojiva-výroba, druhy, vlastnosti a použití pojiv. SNTL, Praha. [10]Klečka, T. et al. 2003: Diagnostika vlhkého zdiva. WTA CZ, Praha. [11]Matoušek, M.- Drochytka, R. 1998: Atmosférická koroze betonů. IKAS, Praha. [12]Mleziva, J. 1993: Polymery -. výroba, struktura, vlastnosti a použití Sobotáles, Praha. [13]Pytlík, P. 1997:Technologie betonu, VUT Brno. [14]Slavíčková, J. et al.2003: Nové Rochlovy stavební tabulky. Incon-F (studovna UK.VŠB-TU). [15]Svoboda, L.-Tobolka, Z. 1997: Stavební izolace. ČKAIT, Praha. [16]Svoboda, L.1995: Základy stavební chemie. ČVUT, PrahaVavřín, F. Maltoviny, SNTL, Praha. [17]Vaverka, J. et .al.2006: Stavební tepelná technika a energetika budov. VUT Brno, nakl. VUTIUM Brno. [18]Vavřín, F. Maltoviny, SNTL, Praha. [19]Wasserbauer, R.2000: Biologické znehodnocení staveb. ARCH, Praha.

Recommended literature:

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Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

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Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1st Building an object as man-made object in the natural environment. Factors to it works: water, air, exposure, aquifers. Information resources and their use Construction: a) Climatic atlas, b) Meteorological summaries, annual monthly and daily summaries, c) Meteorological forecasts and summaries and their importance for construction and operation of buildings. 2nd Air. The composition, thermophysical properties of dry and humid air, the composition the air in buildings. Wind, classification, building wind loads. Extreme wind phenomena and their effect on buildings in Moravia and Silesia. Air Contamination dust, gases and technogenními effect on the corrosion of building materials. Using pneumatic air as the media and thermal insulation. 3rd Industrial gases: nitrogen, hydrogen, helium, noble gases: argon, xenon or krypton. The composition, thermophysical properties of gases and applications. Industrial gases like thermal insulation. 4th Hazardous gases in buildings: CO, CO2, Ra, CH4. Gas composition and physical properties. Gases in buildings. Explosive. Toxicity. Prevention and protection of buildings. Production and use of technical gases in the building. 5th Water vapor and ice in building materials, buildings and affect the durability buildings. 6th Molecule of water, its properties, phase diagram of water. Water molecule. Steam liquid and ice. Sublimation, evaporation, condensation of water vapor. Thermophysical properties of water, steam and ice. 7th Forms of water in nature (rainfall and rainwater, snow, ice, ice, steam, surface water in a watercourse on tanks, sea water, groundwater, water wastewater utility, Water Technology). Withholding water, chemical and physical properties, composition, effect on corrosion phenomena, rain. Use of rain (rain) ekostavbách water. Ice - characteristics, volume changes. Freeze depth, impact ice in soil on properties of foundation soil. Permafrost. Extreme flood phenomena and their effect on buildings in Moravia and Silesia. Water in streams - pH and composition of water. Water in reservoirs, lakes and ponds, the pH and composition of water. Water sea-water pH and composition. Wastewater - sewage, agricultural, technical and Technology-pH and composition of water. The water in underground aquifers - composition, properties - pH and water composition. 8th Mineralization of water. Mineralization in the water (HCO 3, NaCl, Fe-Mn oxohydrity, Ba, Ca -Sulphate, Ca, Na and K, NH4 nitrate, Mg, Ca, K, NH4 chloride). Gases in water (Ra, CO2, H2S). Organic substances dissolved in water (humic substances, organic acid). Influence of water conditions on the corrosion of materials (concrete, plaster, metals, insulation materials). Influence of water pipe mineralization. Mineralogy incrustation in pipelines. Measures to reduce water hardness and encrustations. 9th Water in the building materials and structures. Pore ​​space in substances methods for identification and quantification (total porosity, water absorption, evaporation, effective porosity, pore size distribution and total pore volume). Effect of composition of water on physical properties of water (capillary action, wetting angle, temperature setting). Humidity substances, water content in the air, loss on ignition. Physico-chemical methods for identification and quantification of the amount of water in wetted materials in exploration works. Water absorbed by the walls of the pores, absorption isotherms. Capillary water and capillary condensation. Drying of clay. Shrinkage of clays. Water in the sandstone, and gravel. Water free, gravity. Water crystal (gypsum). The water in hydroxides (concrete, lime). Effect of volume changes and the effect on the thermal stability of concrete and plaster. Water in a Layered silicates: clay and hydrated cement. Effect of volume changes and the impact the thermal stability of concrete and plaster. Water in glasses. Water in zeolites and geopolymer. 10.Brick and stone masonry. Humidity substances, water content air, loss on ignition. Methods for identification of water and moisture in materials humidified buildings in the survey. Examination of the moisture in masonry construction: mineralization, pH of leachate, water absorption, moisture, evaporation, permeability. History of the building. Used materials. Geological structure of the soil, aquifers. Effect of contamination of soils historic parts of towns and settlements (nitrates, sulphates). Mineralization in the masonry. Corrosion plaster, bonding mortar, stone. Waterproofing materials (films, boards, paint, and gravel). Bitumen and tar. Properties and products. 11.Heat insulating materials. Animal fibers, cotton and felt - and products products and their properties. Natural fibers and grass - the products and their properties. Wood and paper products, and products and their properties. Glass Fibers: glass, basalt fibers, slag fibers, alumina fibers. (Raw materials, products, properties, thermal stability and corrosion processes in a humid environment) - the products and their properties Glass foam, porous, raw materials, products, properties, heat stability and corrosion processes in a humid environment with chemical substances - the products and their properties. Silicate products: ceramics, perlite, agloporit-products and products and their properties. Mineral products: vermiculite, mica, sillimanite, distén, wollastonite, chrysotile-asbestos, asbestos amezitové - the products and their properties Organic materials: polystyrene, organic fibers, and felt - the products and their properties. Organic foam (polyurethane) for thermal insulation and grouting waterproofing and reinforcement of masonry. Lightweight concrete, aerated concrete and polystyrenconcrete - the products and their properties. 12.Glass and fill holes. Raw materials for glass production. Types of glass - plate, window, laminated with a heat-insulating layers, vacuum, or with gases.Plate and window glass. Plastics and plastic composites windows and doors. 13.Concrete and materials for floor heating. Types of self-leveling concrete floor. Fibers in concrete. Material for floor heating. 14.Materials for steam piping, heat, water, gas and oil pipelines. Materials for steam piping, insulation. Materials for ducts, insulation. Materials gas and oil pipelines, isolation.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2014/2015 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 35 (35) 0
                Project Project 20  0
                Written exam Written test 15  0
        Examination Examination 65 (65) 0
                Written examination Written examination 35  0
                Oral Oral examination 30  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2012/2013 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3607) Civil Engineering (3607T040) Building Environment K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner