228-0320/01 – BIM in structural mechanics (BIMSM)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Structural MechanicsCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Martin Krejsa, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Martin Krejsa, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2021/2022Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFASTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KON09 doc. Ing. Petr Konečný, Ph.D.
KRE13 prof. Ing. Martin Krejsa, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 16+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the subject BIM in structural mechanics is to familiarize students with basic skills in performing static calculations using available software within BIM (information building modeling), which is a modern way of planning and realization of construction projects. Building information modeling is based on the interconnection of all project participants. All building-related data is maintained in digital form in the 3D building model. The individual computational models, for example the model for the assessment of the load-bearing structure, are then derived from this digital building model. The procedures that will students learn in this course can integrate this data into program systems for static analysis, which are widely used in design practice. The clear advantage of this BIM design is the more efficient and faster transfer of information between the designer of carrying structure and the civil engineer and/or architect, and a considerable saving in structural modeling time. Another indisputable advantage is the direct connection of the project work task sequences associated with the drawings of building components, such as plans of reinforcement of monolithic structures or plans of steel structures. Furthermore, the use of BIM modeling eliminates many unnecessary errors. Software solutions used in this course (SCIA Engineer, RFEM and ANSYS) fully support OPEN BIM technology based on the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) data format and enable the import and export of input and output data at this level. These software systems include BIM tools to convert an architectural model from CAD programs (AutoCAD, ArchiCAD) to a finite element analysis model. The resulting static and deformation variables can then be exported via IFC data format to other software products focused on detailed structural design of load-bearing elements of various building materials - concrete, steel and wood (eg Tekla Structures, Revit and IDEA Connections). For static calculations, a computational model consisting of general solids needs to be transformed using BIM tools into an analytical model that contains the appropriate 1D, 2D or 3D computational objects - such as columns, beams, walls, slabs, or shells. Another problem that students will be familiarized with and learn to eliminate it is the discontinuity of some parts of the model, which can arise when converting general bodies to FEM elements. Such discontinuities if not dealt properly lead to instability of the calculation due to the singular matrix of stiffness of the structure. After successfully defining the geometry of the structure, it is necessary to define the loads and their combinations and correct boundary conditions related e.g. to the real structural support system.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

Students will get the knowledge and skills necessary for static analysis of 1D, 2D and 3D structures by the finite element method. Practical training is carried out in a computer laboratory. The software systems SCIA Engineer, RFEM and ANSYS are used for teaching. Students will acquire knowledge that will enable them to master any system for analysis of structures by the finite element method.

Compulsory literature:

ZIENKIEWICZ, Olek C., Robert L. TAYLOR and J. Z. ZHU. The Finite Element Method: Its Basics and Fundamentals. 7th ed. Burlinghton: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013. ISBN 978-1856176330. Getting Started with SCIA Engineer. SCIA Engineer: Structural Analysis Software [online]. Herk-de-Stad, Belgium: SCIA nv, 2019 [cit. 2019-10-31]. Available from: https://www.scia.net/en/support/getting-started-scia-engineer Structural FEA Program RFEM. Dlubal Software: Structural Analysis and Design Software [online]. Tiefenbach, Germany: Dlubal Software, 2019 [cit. 2019-10-31]. Available from: https://www.dlubal.com/en/products/rfem-fea-software/first-steps-with-rfem ANSYS Inc. - ANSYS Documentation

Recommended literature:

ZIENKIEWICZ, Olek C., Robert L. TAYLOR and David A. FOX. Finite Element Method for Solid and Structural Mechanics. 7th ed. Elsevier Science & Technology, 2013. ISBN 978-1856176347. ZIENKIEWICZ, Olek C. The Finite Element Method in Engineering Science. 3rd ed. and reprint. ed. London: McGraw-Hill, 1977. ISBN 978-0070941380. BATHE, Klaus-Jürgen. Finite Element Procedures in Engineering Analysis. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Englewood Clifts, 1982. ISBN 978-0133173055. BATHE, Klaus-Jürgen and Edward L. WILSON. Numerical methods in finite element analysis. New York: Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall, 1976. ISBN 978-0136271901. DESAI, Chandrakant S. and John F. ABEL. Introduction to the finite element method: A numerical method for engineering analysis. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1972. ISBN 978-0442220839. HAMMING Richard W. Introduction to Applied Numerical Analysis. New York: Dover Publications, 2012. ISBN 978-0486485904. MADENCI Erdogan and Ibrahim GUVEN. The Finite Element Method and Applications in Engineering Using ANSYS. 2nd ed. New York: Springer, 2015. ISBN 978-1489975492. COOK, Robert D., David S. MALKUS, Michael E. PLESHA and Robert J. WITT. Concepts and applications of finite element analysis. 4th ed. New York: John Wiley, 2001. ISBN 978-0-471-35605-9. GALLAGHER, Richard H. Finite element analysis—fundamentals. New York: Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall, 1975. SEGERLIND, Larry J. Applied finite element analysis. New York: John Wiley, 1976. DHATT Gouri, Emmanuel LEFRANCOIS a Gilbert TOUZOT. Finite Element Method. Wiley-ISTE, 2012. ISBN: 978-1-118-56970-2. University of Alberta - ANSYS Tutorials. University of Alberta: [cit. 2019-11-05]. Dostupné z: https://sites.ualberta.ca/~wmoussa/AnsysTutorial/

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Short tests and interactive experience-based work including the self/assessment during the course work.

E-learning

Other requirements

Ability to partial self-study.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

 Introduction to BIM from the point of view of structural mechanics.  Overview of software systems for static analysis of building structures.  Methods of structural mechanics - overview.  Computational models - idealization, overview.  Modeling of frame structures (truss, frame), openings, eccentricities and joints.  Modeling of boundary conditions.  Load modeling and combinations  Static solution of complex beam structure in applied software systems using BIM technologies  Introduction to surface structures, theoretical background, plane stress, plane deformation, bearing walls, plates and shells.  Fundamentals of finite element method.  Convergence, modeling problems.  Checking solution results - simplified methods, manual checks.  Physically nonlinear problems.  Geometrically nonlinear problems.  Associated problems.  Experimental verification of computational models.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2020/2021 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 35  18
        Examination Examination 65  33 3
Mandatory attendence participation: 70%

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2022/2023 (N0732A260029) Civil Engineering - BIM Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0732A260029) Civil Engineering - BIM Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0732A260029) Civil Engineering - BIM Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0732A260029) Civil Engineering - BIM Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0732A260029) Civil Engineering - BIM Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0732A260029) Civil Engineering - BIM Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

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