330-0921/01 – Biomechanics (BM)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Applied MechanicsCredits10
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Karel Frydrýšek, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Karel Frydrýšek, Ph.D.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type B
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFSIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
FRY72 prof. Ing. Karel Frydrýšek, Ph.D.
POL0400 doc. Ing. Stanislav Polzer, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 25+0
Part-time Examination 25+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Students get to know the theoretical and application approaches for solutions of the biomechanical tasks (process of data, model creation, numerical modelling, experiments). The focus is on the area of a multidisciplinary solution of archaeplastida and metazoa tasks including humans. The main focus is on the biomedical engineering.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

This subject introduces students to biomechanics (theory, practice, modelling, experiments and applications). Applications are focused mainly on engineering interdisciplinary problems of plants, animals, humans, medical, sport, trauma and ergonomics of the present days. Acquired knowledge (basics of movement biomechanics, processing of medical and biological requirements and data, analyses of successful/unsuccessful treatments, statistics, CT, MRI, new design of implants, boundary and initial conditions, loadings, tissue properties, material models, strength analyses etc.) are needed for success scientific work. From the engineering multidisciplinary point of view, there are scientific applications of biology in mechanics or applications of mechanics in biology. Acquired knowledge are needed for success scientific work, research, development and innovations in industry.

Compulsory literature:

HAMILL, J. a KNUTZEN, K. M. Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement. 2. vyd., Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2003, ISBN 0-7817-3405-3. BANGASH, M. Y. et al. Trauma, an Engineering Analysis. Berlin: Springer, 2007. HALL, S. Basic Biomechanics. 5. vyd., New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006, 576 s. VALENTA, J. a kol. Biomechanics. Prague: Academia, 1993.

Recommended literature:

ČADA, R., FRYDRÝŠEK, K., SEJDA, F., DEMEL, J. a PLEVA, L. Analysis of Locking Self-Taping Bone Screws for Angularly Stable Plates, J. Medical Biological Eng., 37(4), 612-625, 2017, DOI: 10.1007/s40846-017-0279-4. FRYDRÝŠEK, K., JOŘENEK, J., UČEŇ, O., KUBÍN, T., ŽILKA, L., PLEVA, L. (2012). Design of External Fixators Used in Traumatology and Orthopaedics – Treatment of Fractures of Pelvis and its Acetabulum, Procedia Engineering, vol. 48, 164-173, ISSN: 1877-7058, DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2012.09.501 ÖZKAYA, N, LEGER, D., GOLDSHEYDER, D., NORDIN, M. Fundamentals of Biomechanics, Equilibrium, Motion, and Defromation, Springer, ISBN 978-3-319-44737-7, 2017, pp. 1-454. CHAFFIN, D.B., ANDERSSON, G.B.J., MARTIN, B.J. Occupational Biomechanics, 4th edition, ISBN 978-0-471-72343-1, John Wiley & Sons, USA, 2006, pp. 1-360.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Oral examination

E-learning

Other requirements

Semestral project on the defined topic and its presentation before examiner.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Definition, practice, history, present and future of biomechanics (from bionics to genetic engineering and biocompatibility). 2. Methods of medical and engineering diagnostics (RTG, CT, MRI, statistics, experiments). 3. Anatomy of musculoskeletal system and motoric of animals and humans. Laboratory autopsy of fish. 4. Analysis of material behaviour. Focused on biomaterials of skeletal systems of humans and animals including their remodelation and degradation. 5. Analysis of loads, boundary and initial conditions for skeletal systems of humans and animals. 6. Biomechanics of motion, gait and sports (anasysis of a process). 7. Biomechanics of injury (analysis of a process ans type of accidents and their causes, traffic accidents). 8. Experimental measurements in biomechanics. Kinematic a dynamic analysis. 9. Numerical modelling in biomechanics and model creation of living tissues. 10. Design and proposition of osteosynthetic materials for traumatology and ortopaedics (external and internal fixators). 11. Ergonomics of human work, prosthesis, orthesis and design. 12. Analysis of material behaviour of biomaterials for soft tissues, their remodellation and degradation. 13. Analysis of loads, boundary and initial conditions for soft tissues. 14. Experimental measurements of stress states in biomechanics. 15. Mechanical tests of parts for prosthesis and implants. 16. Numerical modelling in biomechanics and creation of proposal. 17. Design and proposition of devices for surgery, prosthetics and orthetics. 18. Clinical use of biomechanical methods in practice. 19. Anthropology, anthropometry. 20. Dendrometry. 21. Biomechanics of animals. 22. Biomechanics of plants.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination  
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2027/2028 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2027/2028 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2026/2027 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2026/2027 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2025/2026 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2025/2026 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2024/2025 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2024/2025 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2023/2024 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2022/2023 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2022/2023 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (P0715D270013) Applied Mechanics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory type B study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner