340-0558/01 – Chemical and Energetic Plants Design (PCHEZ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Production Machines and DesignCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Dr. Ing. Ladislav KovářSubject version guarantordoc. Dr. Ing. Ladislav Kovář
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year5Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2004/2005Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMTIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HAP016 Ing. Tomáš Hapla
JAN425 Ing. Martin Janečka
KOV12 doc. Dr. Ing. Ladislav Kovář
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The goal is to give students a basic knowledge of designing chemical and power plants, determination of balance calculations, including heat source power.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Project work

Summary

In this course students will learn about: - the basics of designing chemical plants, retrospective calculations transport of substances in the chemical industry, treatment products, raw materials and their storage - the basics of designing power plants, the basic concepts of energy, flows of energy in power plants, boiler heat balance, effectiveness of the device, providing the heat source power bases and power control

Compulsory literature:

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Recommended literature:

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Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

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Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1st lecture INTRODUCTION. Signs of the modern chemical industry. Classification of chemical plants. 1st DESIGN. The issue of construction of new chemical plants, plants (Cooperation of a large number of experts). Tasks engineer (designer Technology). Differences in the preparation of chemical compounds in the laboratory and industrial practice. Design solutions. Transfer of technical information (warranty). 1.1 Basic concepts. Investor, designer, contractor. 1.2 Cooperation of specialists in the design and construction 1.3 Fields in the project 1.4 Parts Project 1.5 Types of projects. Field projects, project task, project summary solutions, implementing projects, offering projects, additional projects. 2nd lecture 1.6 Choice of chemical technology. The relationship between raw material and final product. Criteria used in choosing the technology. Data for technological solutions. 1.7 Procedure for designing chemical production. Block diagram. 1.8 Schemes in planning. Scheme of production. Traffic patterns. Scheme to provide materials. Energy scheme. Developed flowsheet equipment. Disposition solutions to the manufacturing facility. General solution. 1.9 The choice of manufacturing facilities 1.10 The approval and delivery management 1.11 Acquisition of data for planning. Research conducted in the laboratory. Pilot research. Research conducted at manufacturing facilities. 3rd lecture 2nd BALANCE. 2.1 Balance calculations. Mass balance. Energy balance. Balance simple. The balance of the complex (containing recycled materials). 2.2 Balance scheme and its properties. Technological scheme (basic information for the balance calculations. 2.3 Alignment of the performance of individual production facilities. 4th lecture 3rd TRANSPORT OF THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY. Transportation (material handling) - Racing transportation (internal, external). Warehousing, packaging, measuring, weighing. 3.1 Mechanization and automation of transport 3.2-house transport. The diversity of transport used equipment. Transport materials in solid, liquid and gaseous state. Corrosive materials, flammable, unhealthy, dangerous explosion. 3.2.1 Background to deal with transport and machinery. Site plan with elevation data entry and exit points. Approximate description of technological processes. Power (capacitance) data for all individual types of transport routes and materials. Specific features and a list of materials. Estimated total cost transport machinery. The list of special circumstances. 3.2.2 The second phase of traffic transported substances. Solid substances. Substances liquid. 5th lecture 3.3 Transport of solids. Transport mechanical, pneumatic and hydraulic. 3.3.1 Mechanical conveyors. Conveyor belt, apron, bucket, hrnoucí, screw, vibrating. Traffic oven. 3.3.2. Pneumatic conveying. Transport suction and pull. The main part of the pipeline pneumatic transport. 3.3.3 Hydraulic transport. 6th lecture 3.4 Transportation of liquids. 3.4.1 Types of pumps. Criteria for selecting pumps. Displacement pumps, pump blade and a pump operating on different principles. 3.5 Transport of gases. A batch transportation. Continuous service. 3.5.1 Fans. 3.5.2 Blowers. 3.5.3 Compressors. Reciprocating, rotary, centrifugal pumps. 7th lecture 4th TREATMENT OF PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS, AND STORAGE. Adjust size of raw material, squeeze, "joining of small particles, storage. 4.1 Disintegration of solids. The principle of operation, degree of disintegration, disintegration machinery (crushers, mills). 4.2 Classification of granular materials. Classification of mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic, special. 4.3 Mixing of granular materials. Mixer with a variable working chamber Mixer with a stationary working chamber. Static mixer. 4.4 Joining the material. Pressure Connection Machine. Connection machines relative movement of the jointed material. Equipment for granulation of melts. 4.5 Storage. Storage of liquids. Storage of solids. 4.5.1 Basic methods of storage. Extensive stocks. Intensive stores. Electrical power plants 8.přednáška Basic concepts of primary energy, energy transformation, CR circulation, basic marking the schemes, involving heat and power. 9.přednáška The flow of energy in the electricity unit, the efficiency of electricity production, principles and limits increase efficiency, the current level of electricity and heat, while respecting principles of environmental protection. 10.přednáška CHP electricity and heat with gas and steam turbine. Diversification the fuel source. The use of waste heat, primary energy and waste biomass. 11.přednáška Types of boilers, cutting the fuel boilers, fireplaces and parameters of the working media. Special boiler. The importance of the function evaporator, superheater, the water heater and heater air. 12.přednáška Boiler heat balance, heat production and efficiency of the boiler. Ash and Air balance of the boiler. Possibilities of increasing the efficiency of the boiler, an analysis of losses. 13.přednáška The concept of external coal handling, coal handling internal systems used, auxiliary boiler equipment, types of steam turbines. 14.přednáška Diagrams of energy consumption, energy design, the number of boilers and mills. Basic control circuits, electrical power control. block. Exercise The exercises in the design of chemical plants (Exercise 1-7) students become familiar with chemical coke plant equipment, with selected nodes čpavkárny process design and material balance čpavkárny. In the second part of the semester, designing power plants, there are themes following exercises: Determination of the calculation of fuel and reduced calorific value. q boiler heat balance, determination of heat production. q boiler efficiency calculation, the amount of fuel consumed and burned. q diagram of energy consumption. q Reading project drawings, scheme water, steam and air-fuel scheme- combustion. q Visit the heating plant or power plant. During the term knowledge is verified by test.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2010/2011 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (145) 51
        Examination Examination 100  0
        Exercises evaluation Credit 45  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2015/2016 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (M3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering (02) Chemické inženýrství P Czech Ostrava 5 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3909) Process Engineering (2807T004) Chemical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner