354-0912/01 – Theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of RoboticsCredits10
Subject guarantorprof. Dr. Ing. Vladimír MostýnSubject version guarantorprof. Dr. Ing. Vladimír Mostýn
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2015/2016Year of cancellation2018/2019
Intended for the facultiesFEI, FSIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
MOS50 prof. Dr. Ing. Vladimír Mostýn
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 25+25
Part-time Examination 25+25

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The main objective of this subject is to manage innovation technique in area of technical systems, based on methodology TRIZ (Theory of inventive problem solving) and ARIZ (Algorithm of inventive problem solving). The next important objective is to handle computer support for such activities - CAI (Computer Aided Innovation) system Invention Machine Goldfire.

Teaching methods

Individual consultations
Project work

Summary

TRIZ (Theory of inventive problem solving) presents a systematic approach for analyzing the kind of challenging problems where inventiveness is needed and provides a range of strategies and tools for finding inventive solutions. One of the earliest findings of the massive research on which the theory is based is that the vast majority of problems that require inventive solutions typically reflect a need to overcome a dilemma or a trade-off between two contradictory technical, physical or other elements. The central purpose of TRIZ-based analysis is to systematically apply the strategies and tools to find superior solutions that overcome the need for a compromise or trade-off between the two contradictory elements. Theory form inventive principles that help to transform Specific problem to the Typical problem, to find its Typical solution by defining the contradiction which needs to be resolved and systematically considering which of the principles may be applied to provide a Specific solution which will overcome the contradiction in the problem at hand, enabling a solution that is closer to the ultimate ideal result and help the inventor to engage in the process with purposefulness and focus. The theory introduces ARIZ (Algorithm of inventive problem solving) as a core methodology of TRIZ. A number of TRIZ (ARIZ) based computer programs have been developed, whose purpose is to provide assistance to engineers and inventors in finding inventive solutions for technological problems, this course uses Invention Machine Goldfire as one of the best CAI packages that is also focused on analyzing and predicting trends of evolution in the characteristics that existing solutions are likely to develop in successive generations of a system.

Compulsory literature:

Cameron, Gordon. TRIZICS: Teach Yourself TRIZ, How to Invent, Innovate and Solve "Impossible" Technical Problems Systematically. [United States]: CreateSpace, 2010. ISBN 9781456319892. Rantanen, Kalevi a Ellen Domb. Simplified TRIZ: New Problem Solving Applications for Engineers and Manufacturing Professionals. 2nd ed. New York: Auerbach Publications, 2008. ISBN 9780521826204. Gadd, Karen. TRIZ for Engineers: Enabling Inventive Problem Solving. Oxford: Wiley, 2011. ISBN 9780470741887. Altshuller, Genrich S., Lev Shulyak a Steven Rodman. The Innovation Algorithm: TRIZ, Systematic Innovation and Technical Creativity. 2nd ed. Worcester, Mass: Technical Innovation Center, 2007. ISBN 9780964074040. Altshuller, Genrich S. a Lev Shulyak. 40 Principles: TRIZ Keys to Innovation. Worcester, MA: Technical Innovation Center, 2005. ISBN 9780964074033. Silverstein, David, Philip Samuel a Neil DeCarlo. The innovator's toolkit: 50+ techniques for predictable and sustainable organic growth. 2nd edHoboken, N.J.: Wiley, 2012. ISBN 9781118298107. Orloff, Michael A. Inventive thinking through TRIZ: a practical guide. Berlin [u.a.]: Springer, 2010. ISBN 9783642069802. Silverstein, David, Neil DeCarlo a Michael Slocum. Insourcing innovation: how to achieve competitive excellence using TRIZ. New York: Auerbach Publications, 2008. ISBN 9781420062274. Savransky, Semyon D. Engineering of creativity: introduction to TRIZ methodology of inventive problem solving. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press, 2000. ISBN 9780849322556. Lady, David E. Information Technology System Cookbook: Introducing TrizIT: TRIZ for Information Technology. [United States]: CreateSpace, 2012. ISBN 9781478302513. Orloff, Michael A. Modern TRIZ: A Practical Course with EASyTRIZ Technology. Heidelberg: Springer, 2012. ISBN 9783642252174.

Recommended literature:

Michalko, Michael. Thinkertoys: A Handbook of Creative-Thinking Techniques. 2nd ed. Berkeley, Calif: Ten Speed Press, 2006. ISBN ISBN 9781580087735. Fey, Victor a Eugene I. Rivin. Innovation on Demand. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN 9781420062731. Altshuller, Genrich S. And suddenly the inventor appeared: TRIZ, the theory of inventive problem solving. 2nd ed. Worcester, Mass: Technical Innovation Center, 1996. ISBN 9780964074026.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Elaboration of an individual project dealing with technical contradiction and innovation of the selected system.

E-learning

Other requirements

D. Silverstein, N. DeCarlo, M. Slocum - INsourcing Innovation - How to Achieve Competitive Excellence Using TRIZ. Auerbach Publications, 2008. ISBN: 978-1-4200-6227-4

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Methodology TRIZ – Theory of inventive problem solving. Genesis and basic components and principles. 2. Functional-Cost analysis – FNA, analysis of the components and structure of an object, component hierarchical model, structural model of the technical system, component and structural analysis. 3. Analysis of functions and function parameters, model of functions of technical system, classification of the functions according criterion – significance, usefulness, degree of fulfillment in parameter. 4. Object improving by “trimming” its structure and/or functions, trimming requirements. 5. Object improving by “developing” its structure and/or functions, complementary functions and complementary costs of the technical system. 6. Algorithm of inventive problem solving – ARIZ 7. Technical system synthesis - TS, typal inventive tasks, solution methods of typal inventive tasks, technical contradiction, physical contradiction, administrative contradiction. 8. Technical contradiction solution – heuristic principles of solution. 9. Physical contradiction solution – separative process of solution. 10. Causal/resulting chains. 11. Model of conflict and model of its solution. 12. Technical functions and effects of natural sciences.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2015/2016 Winter semester, validity until: 2018/2019 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination  
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2018/2019 (P2346) Mechanical Engineering (2301V013) Robotics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P2346) Mechanical Engineering (2301V013) Robotics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P2346) Mechanical Engineering (2301V013) Robotics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P2346) Mechanical Engineering (2301V013) Robotics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (P2346) Mechanical Engineering (2301V013) Robotics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (P2346) Mechanical Engineering (2301V013) Robotics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (P2346) Mechanical Engineering (2301V013) Robotics P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (P2346) Mechanical Engineering (2301V013) Robotics K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner