361-0510/01 – Turbines (TT)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Power EngineeringCredits6
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Kamil Kolarčík, CSc.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Kamil Kolarčík, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2004/2005Year of cancellation2010/2011
Intended for the facultiesFSIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KOL10 doc. Ing. Kamil Kolarčík, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Combined Credit and Examination 16+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Oriented in the areas of labor use different types of thermal turbines. Describe the processes that characterize the transformation of thermal energy in the turbines. Describe the basic energy and economic criteria for assessment of thermal turbines. Discussion of economic and environmental consequences of energy transformation processes turbines. Proposal for solving complex management processes in engine power central heating.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Seminars
Individual consultations
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

Students acquire basic knowledge and awareness about currents and transformational events above all in turbines. The acquired knowledge in these subjects and in these given above is used in complex ways for the theoretical calculation of the individual parts of energetic machines. The goal of this subject is to give a specialised background to graduates of VŠB - the Technical University, which will work as designers, but above all as operators of energetic equipment. In addition to this they must have their own economic and ecological approaches.

Compulsory literature:

Alexander S. Leyzerovich: Steam Turbines for Modern Fossil Fuel Power Plants. The Fairmont Press, Inc., 700 Indian Trail, Lilburn, GA 30047. 2007. ISBN 0-88173-548-5 (print edition : alk. paper), ISBN 0-88173-549-3 (electronic edition,)ISBN 1-4200-6102-X (taylor & francis (distributor) : alk. paper) BLOCH, P. Heinz, MURARI P. Singh. Steam Turbines Design, Applications and Re-Rating – Second Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009, 414 p. ISBN: 978-0-07-150821-6.

Recommended literature:

LOGAN, E.Jr.: Handbook of Turbomachinery (Mechanical Engineering, No. 158) (2 ed.). New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003. ISBN 0-8247-0995-0. KHAN, A., A.; GORLA, R.,S.R.: Turbomachinery: Design and Theory. New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003. ISBN 0-8247-0980-2. DONALD, K. M. B. Marine steam turbines. London: Marine Media Management, 1977, 141 p. ISBN: 0900976 58 6. DIXON, S. Larry; HALL, Cesare. Fluid mechanics and thermodynamics of turbomachinery – Fourth Edition. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013, 321 p. ISBN: 0 7506 7059 2. SCHOBEIRI, M. T. Turbomachinery Flow Physics and Dynamic Performance. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005, 522 p. ISBN: 3-540-22368-1.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

• Introduction to thermodynamics and repetition of Hydromechanics, energy, resources, energy, • Incineration plants and steam generators, fuel and combustion, heat balance generators, losses and efficiency, waste heat boilers, Heat exchangers • Positive displacement compressors - reciprocating, diagram, description of the activity, distribution, types, the main parameters of the theoretical foundations of energy conversion in an ideal compressor, energy balance, loss, actual compressor efficiency. • Positive displacement compressors - rotary screw, rotary compressors, diagram, description. Measuring performance and power characteristics. • Current compressors, diagram, description of the main parameters of the theoretical basics of energy conversion in an ideal compressor. Flow of gas and steam nozzle, reheat factor, calculate the main dimensions of nozzles, the critical value, the influence of backpressure. • Dynamic Compressors - Centrifugal Compressors, description, transition energies, Euler's equation, the shape of the rotor blades and their influence on the construction of machines, efficiency. • Dynamic compressors - axial flow compressors, transition energies, Euler's equation, energy characteristics, velocity triangles, losses in energy transformation efficiency with the diagram. • Dynamic Compressors - fans, axial shift in the degree R + S VS + R, counter-rotating rotors, radial, diagonal and Eckův Schicht. • Practical operation of compressor stations, measuring humidity, specific energy consumption, maintenance, diagnostics, ... • Pumps, theory, energy transformations, geodetic height, head, pressure gauge. head, limiting suction head. • Online measurement, energy characteristics. Parallel and serial dynamic collaboration tools, working point, ... • Rankin - Clausius steam flow, with a Ts diagram, the effectiveness of direct comparison and improvement of efficiency of thermal power plant condenser and back ... • Steam turbines - axial, elementary level, Euler turbine equation, principles, transformation of energy, types of degrees - Equal-pressure, positive-pressure, velocity and their use • Steam turbines - radial, principles, transformation of energy, regulation, types and uses, accessories, condensation, vacuum pumps, cooling towers. • Combustion turbines, heat cycles, principles, elements, use, efficiency. Combined-cycle.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2010/2011 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (145) 51
        Examination Examination 100  0
        Exercises evaluation Credit 45  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2010/2011 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2004/2005 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2004/2005 (N2301) Mechanical Engineering (2302T006) Energy Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner