361-0539/03 – Steam Turbines (PT)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Power EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Kamil Kolarčík, CSc.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Kamil Kolarčík, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFSIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KOL10 doc. Ing. Kamil Kolarčík, CSc.
SMI0020 Ing. Zdeněk Šmída, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 16+5

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the subject is the gaining of an overview in the area of using individual types of steam turbines. Describe the processes that characterize energy transformation in individual thermal turbines. Describe the basic energy and economic evaluation criteria for steam turbines. Discussion of the economic and environmental consequences of energy transformation processes in turbines. Design of a complex solution for the management of energy processes in the machine halls of heat centrals.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Seminars
Individual consultations
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs
Project work

Summary

The subject belongs to a group of subjects which closely follows the subjects of thermomechanics, physics and hydromechanics. Students acquire basic knowledge and awareness from the field of study the energy transformation in turbines. Creative thinking is further developed in complex theoretical calculations of the individual components of these energy transformation machines. An integral part of the teaching is the practical measurement of the energetic properties at measuring stands in laboratories. The aim of the subject is to form a professional profile of a graduate who will work as a designer of these energy transformation machines respectively as their operator with both technical and economic knowledge of categories and minimal disruption to the environment.

Compulsory literature:

Alexander S. Leyzerovich: Steam Turbines for Modern Fossil Fuel Power Plants. The Fairmont Press, Inc., 700 Indian Trail, Lilburn, GA 30047. 2007. ISBN 0-88173-548-5 (print edition : alk. paper), ISBN 0-88173-549-3 (electronic edition,)ISBN 1-4200-6102-X (taylor & francis (distributor) : alk. paper) BLOCH, P. Heinz, MURARI P. Singh. Steam Turbines Design, Applications and Re-Rating – Second Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009, 414 p. ISBN: 978-0-07-150821-6.

Recommended literature:

LOGAN, E.Jr.: Handbook of Turbomachinery (Mechanical Engineering, No. 158) (2 ed.). New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003. ISBN 0-8247-0995-0. KHAN, A., A.; GORLA, R.,S.R.: Turbomachinery: Design and Theory. New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003. ISBN 0-8247-0980-2. DONALD, K. M. B. Marine steam turbines. London: Marine Media Management, 1977, 141 p. ISBN: 0900976 58 6. DIXON, S. Larry; HALL, Cesare. Fluid mechanics and thermodynamics of turbomachinery – Fourth Edition. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013, 321 p. ISBN: 0 7506 7059 2. SCHOBEIRI, M. T. Turbomachinery Flow Physics and Dynamic Performance. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005, 522 p. ISBN: 3-540-22368-1.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Questions during lectures Written tests The check of the work of individual projects

E-learning

http://fs1.vsb.cz/361/akreditace/opory/ login: akreditace password: energetici

Other requirements

There are no other requirements for a student.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Thermal cycles of steam turbines - R-C cycle. 2. Thermal cycles of steam turbines the calculation of the thermal cycle, the definition of the direct efficiency and the comparing efficiency. 3. Thermal cycles of steam turbines - Carnotization of steam cycles by the change of the pressure in the condenser, by the change of the admission steam parameters. 4. Thermal cycles of steam turbines - Carnotization of steam cycles by the regeneration of the feeding water and by the intermediate superheating of superheated steam. 5. Types of steam turbines - the condensing turbine, the backpressure turbine and the extracting turbine. 6. The working process of the ideal and the actual steam turbine in the temperature-entropy (T-s) and the enthalpy-entropy (i-s) diagram. The expansion curve. Euler´s turbine equation. 7. Types of axial turbine stages - the reaction stage, the 2D bladed grid, u/c1, the max. enthalpy difference. 8. Types of axial turbine stages - the action stage, the 2D bladed grid, u/c1, the max. enthalpy difference. 9. Types of axial turbine stages - the Curtis stage, the 2D bladed grid, u/c1, the max. enthalpy difference. 10. Types of turbine stages - radial steam turbines - the main turbine equation, velocity triangles. 11. Accessories R-C steam cycle and steam turbines - the additional machine devices - I. 12. Accessories R-C steam cycle and steam turbines - the additional machine devices - II. 13. Regulation and control of steam turbines performance. 14. Practical operation of steam turbines - the expert from practice.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 35  16
        Examination Examination 65  35
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: 80% active participation in exercises

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0713A070002) Energy Engineering ENS P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0713A070002) Energy Engineering ENS K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0713A070002) Energy Engineering ENS K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0713A070002) Energy Engineering ENS P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0713A070002) Energy Engineering ENS P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0713A070002) Energy Engineering ENS K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner