450-2035/01 – Physiology Fundaments (ZF)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Cybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantorMgr. Petr TiefenbachSubject version guarantorMgr. Petr Tiefenbach
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementOptional
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2010/2011Year of cancellation2010/2011
Intended for the facultiesFEIIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
TIE30 Mgr. Petr Tiefenbach
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Graded credit 2+2
Part-time Graded credit 2+8

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of this subject is to apply physical principles and physiology methods in medicine. The subject forms the connection between mathematical physics and physical chemistry on the one side and biological sciences on the second one. The subject with its contents fits into an alignment of measuring and control techniques in biomedicine. Acquired knowledge and skill in this subject and the whole alignment forms the basic presumption of knowledge of biomedical engineering. The subject forms the connection between mathematical physics and physical chemistry on the one side and biological sciences on the second one. The subject with its contents fits into an alignment of measuring and control techniques in biomedicine. Acquired knowledge and skill in this subject and the whole alignment forms the basic presumption of knowledge of biomedical engineering.

Teaching methods

Individual consultations


This subject interprets in mathematical way biological process exploring physiochemical process in live matter. At the same time the subject explores the mutual influence of live matter and different forms of energy.

Compulsory literature:

Hrazdira, I.: Biofyzika, Praha, Avicenum, 1990 Ottová - Leitmannová, A.: Základy biofyziky, Bratislava, Alfa, 1993 Silbernagl,S.; Despopoulos, A.: Atlas fyziologie člověka. Praha 1984. Wiliam, F. Canong: Přehled lékařské fyziologie. Praha 1976. Nečas, O.: Biologie. Praha, Avicenum 1982. Dvořák - Maršík - Andrej: Biotermodynamika.Praha, Akademia, 1985. Šimek, J.: Fyziologické hodnoty u člověka, Avicenum, Praha 1986 Venčikov, A.I.; Venčikov, V.A.: Základní metody statistického zpracování dat ve fyziologii.Avicenum, 1974 Guyton, A .C.: Textbook of medical physiology, W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1971

Recommended literature:

Tiefenbach,P.:Základy fyziologie. Sylaby na WWW stránkách katedry,2005

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Verification of study: One test and report, combined exam, it is necessary to be successful in all part of exam to pass exam. Conditions for credit: 1.Test during 26-50 points, 2. 25-50 points per test. On the whole minimum 51 points.


Other requirements


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures: Fyziologie-lékařský obor. Základní principy fyziologických dějů v lidském organizmu. Regulační děje organizmu, dynamická stálost prostředí, základní principy existence jedice. Biophysics and it's aims. Principles of biophysical analyses. Common biophysics, medical biophysics, physical view of world, magnitudes and units. Principles of mathematical analyses of biophysical processes. Function and its formulation. Common function quality . Basic methods for statistical data evaluation in physiology. Basic proceedings of physiological features analyses. The importance of characteristic differences and comparison of features. Correlative and regressive analyses. Physiological values at human beeing. Description of groups in which values are divided. Legal units and used magnitudes. Conversion of units. Weight of human organs. Composition of body fluids. Structure and features of molecule. Interaction between structural parts of substances. Molecular features of substances. Diffusion in liquids. Osmoses and osmotic pressure. Biopolymer. Structure of biological important molecules, structure of cells. Nucleic acids, amino -acids, proteins and lipids. Physiology of cell. Structure of cell. Method for evaluation of structure. Biomembrans. Type of substance transportation. Electrical feature of cell. Propagation of electrical potential. Physiology of tissues and organs. Mechanical features of tissues. Basic of biomechanics. Biophysics of circulation of blood, biohysics of respiration. Bioacustics. Electrical resistance of tissues. Relationship between structure and function of organ, biomechanics of bones, structure of muscular tissue, biophysics o muscular movement. Physiology of perception. Characteristic of sensual perception. Partition of receptors. Conduction function of receptors. Biophysics of perception of chemical stimulus. Biophysics of sound perception. Physiological acoustics, noise. Optical system of eye. Perception of light stimulation. Biomechanics. Biological materials from the view of solid substance. Deformation. Elasticity. Basis of biostatic. Viscosity. Membrane mechanics and shape of cell. Hydrodynamics of fluid flow and blood circulation. Air flow. Bioenergetic. Basic thermodynamic conception. Thermodynamic of biological systems. Transformation and accumulation of energy in living systems. Biocybernetics. Origin of biocybernetics and its characteristic. Cybernetic systems. Dynamical systems and their characteristic. Informative systems. Control and regulation. Principle of modeling. Biological system in relationship to dead matter. Electromagnetic waves and their influence on living systems. Absorption of electromagnetic field. Protection before undesirable influence from electromagnetic fields on organism. Influence of electromagnetic fields on human organism. Gravitational field and living systems. Influence of ultrasound. Conduit of electric current throe tissues. Meteorological conditions and organism. Biological effects of microwaves. Exercises: Bases analysis of scatter. Statistics of biological and medical attempt like specific branch applied statistics. Laboratories: Fundamental processes. Fundamental constructs, submission of independent tasks. Bladder tension and diaphragmal currents, method metering and analyses. Illustrative instance. Metering of provocativeness tissues. Equilibrium condition in heterogeneous system. Gadgetry transport matters over biological membrane. Bladder tension and diaphragmal currents, method metering and analyses. Metering frequency dependence admittance of quick tissues. Metering quality of electrode for entry biosignal. Metering seat height power control and mechanical activities muscular zonulae. Metering on insulated cell. Biological tenet sensuous sensation and chances of his erosion. Demonstration acoustic percept and his sensation, regulation and quantifier. Metabolism (fundamental conversion). System nervous and wits (ghost, visual acuity, accommodation, visual field, depth perception, colour perception, vision behind gloom). Physiology circulation of blood (sounds heart, investigation beat and throbbed undulation, ELEKTROCARDIOGRAM, blood pressure, ergometry, electric model aortic of flexible vein, fluxion blood in vein) on computer. Simulation of chemical and biological action. Application structural thermodynamic Choice physiological funds of man. Max and min of one daily rhythms in man. Assessment physiological forecast finding. Computer labs: Malingering course of action tension and diaphragmal flow by solving system differential equation. Simulation chemical and biological action on computer.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2010/2011 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Graded exercises evaluation Graded credit 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2010/2011 (B2649) Electrical Engineering (2601R004) Measurement and Control Engineering P Czech Ostrava 3 Optional study plan
2010/2011 (B2649) Electrical Engineering (2601R004) Measurement and Control Engineering K Czech Ostrava 3 Optional study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner