450-4008/05 – Diagnostic Instruments in Medicine (LDP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Cybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Marek Penhaker, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Marek Penhaker, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFEIIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KLI02 Ing. Tomáš Klinkovský
PEN72 prof. Ing. Marek Penhaker, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the course is to provide detailed information on medical diagnostic instruments, their activities, their design, their relationship with the legislation governing their use. Learning outcomes of the course unit The student acquires knowledge about medical diagnostic devices and devices including classification in individual diagnostic methods. The acquired knowledge and skills in this subject form the basic prerequisite of knowledge of biomedical engineer.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

In the course the students are familiarized and practically verify the principles of measurement and processing of biological signals using medical diagnostic instrumentation. The principles of sensing, operation and construction of instrumentation are discussed in more detail. The individual diagnostic methods were examined and the nature of the measuring devices, the description and elimination of the interfering effects of the measurement, including the relation to the valid legislation regulating their use, were discussed. Safety risks are explained using medical instrumentation and individual diagnostic methods.

Compulsory literature:

• BRONZINO, Joseph D. The biomedical engineering handbook. 3rd ed. Boca Raton: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 2006. ISBN 0849321239. • WEBSTER, John G., ed. Medical instrumentation: application and design. 3rd ed. S.l.: John Wiley, c1998. ISBN 0-471-15368-0.

Recommended literature:

• DAVID, Yadin. Clinical engineering. Boca Raton: CRC Press, c2003. Principles and applications in engineering. ISBN 0849318130. • PEREZ, Reinaldo. Design of medical electronic devices. San Diego: Academic Press, c2002. ISBN 0125507119. • CARR, Joseph J. a John M. BROWN. Introduction to biomedical equipment technology. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, c2001. ISBN 0130104922. • MACKAY, R. Stuart. Bio-medical telemetry; sensing and transmitting biological information from animals and man. New York: Wiley, 1968. • FRADEN, Jacob. AIP handbook of modern sensors: physics, designs and applications. 3rd print. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1995. AIP series in modern instrumentation and measurements in physics & engineering. ISBN 1-56396-108-3. • OLANSEN, Jon B. a Eric. ROSOW. Virtual bio-instrumentation: biomedical, clinical, and healthcare applications in LabVIEW. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002. ISBN 0130652164. • DAVIM, J. Paulo, ed. The design and manufacture of medical devices. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing, 2012. Woodhead Publishing reviews: mechanical engineering. ISBN 978-1-907568-72-5.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Continuous examination of the study: Two tests of continuous examination and paper, combined examination, recognition of the exam only after successful completion of all its parts. Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Course-unit credit requirements: Two tests of continuous control max. Of 10 points and elaboration of expert paper - maximum 20 points. Total max. 40 points, min. 21 points. Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Attendance at seminars requires at least 80% of the taught lessons.

E-learning

Other requirements

Students are awarded credit according to the degree of proven knowledge of medical instrumentation. Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Course-unit credit requirements: Two tests of continuous examination max. Of 10 points and elaboration of expert paper - maximum 20 points. Total max. 40 points, min. 21 points. Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Attendance at seminars requires at least 80% of the taught lessons. The test is combined.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

lectures: 1.Electric processes in living organisms, irritant tissue, electrical events on the cell membrane, patterns of origin and propagation of the excitation in tissues, electrical properties of tissues, effects of stress and current on the organism. 2.Biopotential electrodes, oxidation, reduction and half-cell potential, materials for electrode production, electrode properties, practical realization of electrodes. 3.Biological signals and their processing, biosignal distribution, artifacts, biosignal preprocessing, patient safety during biosignal scanning. 4.Electrocardiography, heart and its activity, electrocardiography, electrocardiogram genesis, basic electrocardiogram elements, electrocardiography. 5.Electroencephalography, eElectroencephalographic lesions, electroencephalographic electrodes, electroencephalogram and its origins, electrocorhythmography, evoked potentials, electroencephalography, safety and standards in electroencephalography. 6.Electromyography, electromyographic signal and its genesis, electromyographic signal scanning, basic electromyographic modalities, electromyograph. 7.Electrogastrography, electrogastrogram and its origin, electrogastrograph. 8. Blood pressure measurement, non-invasive blood pressure measurement, invasive blood pressure measurement. 9. Heart rate measurement, thermodilution method, dye dilution method, fick method. 10. Body temperature measurement, body temperature contact, non-contact body temperature measurement. 11.Oxymetry, optical oxygen saturation measurement, transcutaneous oxymetry. 12.Pletysmography, elastic properties of the arterial system, pulse wave, plethysmograph. 13. Heart Rate Measurement, cardiotachrome activity principle, R-wave detector. 14.Respiration diagnostics, spirometry, respiratory rate measurement, analysis of breathing gas composition, whole body plethysmography. laboratory exercises: In the framework of the laboratory exercises, the students implement diagrams of the involvement of partial electrotechnical parts of medical diagnostic technology and carry out measurements and comparison with commercially certified devices. This is mainly the hardware design and measurement of ECG, EEG and electro-manometer. Other circuits are supportive and aid to the whole. 1. Introduction to schematics and their complex integration - familiarization with elements and power for construction 2.Symmetrator - source of Symmetric Supply Voltage 3. Stable flip-flop with integrator and comparator Calibrator - source of calibration voltage 5. Biosensor 6.Integrated frequency modulator 7.Electromanometer 8. Pulse generator - Four pulse frequency generator 9. Heart cell stimulator 10. Biphasic pacemaker 11. Narrow pulse amplitude detector 12.Electronic thermometer 13.Bioadmitance - Acupuncture Points Detector 14. Verification of measurements on testers and comparison with commercially certified products. Assessment of the success of the tasks.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40  21
        Examination Examination 60  31
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Students are awarded credit according to the degree of proven knowledge of medical instrumentation. Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Course-unit credit requirements: Two tests of continuous examination max. Of 10 points and elaboration of expert paper - maximum 20 points. Total max. 40 points, min. 21 points. Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Attendance at seminars requires at least 80% of the taught lessons. The test is combined.

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Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40  21
        Examination Examination 60  31
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Students are awarded credit according to the degree of proven knowledge of medical instrumentation. Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Course-unit credit requirements: Two tests of continuous examination max. Of 10 points and elaboration of expert paper - maximum 20 points. Total max. 40 points, min. 21 points. Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Attendance at seminars requires at least 80% of the taught lessons. The test is combined.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2022/2023 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT K English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT K English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT K English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT K English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
V - ECTS - mgr. 2022/2023 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2021/2022 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2020/2021 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block