450-4009/02 – Real Time Operating Systems (OSRČ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Cybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantorIng. Zdeněk Slanina, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorIng. Zdeněk Slanina, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementOptional
Year1Semestersummer
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2015/2016Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFEIIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
SLA77 Ing. Zdeněk Slanina, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Combined Credit and Examination 2+12

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The goal of subject is introduce students on base knowledge of real-time operating systems (RTOS). Students will be ready for practical analyzes using real-time operating systems for various applications, especially for control applications. They will be ready for choice of the real-time operating system for selected applications.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs
Project work

Summary

Students are introducing on base knowledge of real-time operating systems. Students will be ready for practical analyzes using real-time operating systems (RTOS) for various applications, especially for control applications. They will be also ready to choice RTOS for the selected application and apply this RTOS. There are explaining special using practices in RT operating systems. In the last part are introducing real-time operating systems applications in embedded systems. In laboratory there are confirmed real-time attributes of RT operating systems on QNX operating system for personal computers. Students are testing also other real-time operating systems e.g. for embedded control system. This subject is suitable for students another branches of study, which want familiarize with real-time operating systems.

Compulsory literature:

Valvano, J.: Embedded Systems: Real-Time Operating Systems for Arm Cortex M Microcontrollers. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 0002- edition (January 3, 2012). ISBN-13: 978-1466468863. Cheng A.M.K.: Real-Time Systems Sheduling, Analysis and Verification, J. Wiley 2002 Tanenbaum A.S., Operating Systems - Design and Implementation (3rd Edition). Prentice Hall; 3 edition (January 14, 2006), ISBN-13: 978-0131429383. Laplante, P.A., Ovaska, S.J.: Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis: Tools for the Practitioner. Wiley-IEEE Press; 4 edition (November 22, 2011). ISBN-13: 978-0470768648. Kopetz, H.: Real-Time Systems: Design Principles for Distributed Embedded Applications (Real-Time Systems Series). Springer; 2nd ed. 2011 edition (April 20, 2011). ISBN-13: 978-1441982360.

Recommended literature:

Northcutt J.D.: Mechanismus for Reliable Distributed Real-Time Operating Systems, The Alfa Kernel, Academic Press 1987

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

- Verification of study: - One credit test and one individual tasks and one wasted individual project. - Days of delivery individual works by WEB or writing documents (9th and 13th week or 13th week for project) - Closing Test - writing part of examination. - Theoretical part of test consist 15 questions, which verify global student's knowledge. Practice part of test student prepares on computer. Total test time is 120 min. -Study Classification. - Exercise credits - student is classifying on base 1 test 0-10 points and 2 individual works 0-10 and 0-15 points or individual project 0-25 points. Award of 14th week. Condition for receiving is min. 10 points; maximum of receiving points is 35. - Examination - Writing part - Closing test - theoretical part 0-30 points, practical part 0-25 points, total 0-55 points. - Oral part 0-10 point. Total classification 51-100 points according study rules.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Area and form. Individual works contain control programs documentation for laboratory computer. Students demonstrate their tasks solving on computer. Credit test confirms theoretic knowledge of students.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures: 1. Base Functions of Operating Systems. Real-time control tasks and their realization 2. Operating Systems Dividing - Real Time Operating Systems - RTOS and non RTOS systems. 3. Characteristics of RT Operating Systems. Comparing RTOS and non-RTOS systems. 4. RT Processes and Multitasking, Realization in RT Tasks. RT Processes Scheduling - Preemptive, RT and non RT. Planning Methods - Cyclic, Priorities, etc. 5. Processes and Events Synchronization in RTOS. Time condition in RT tasks. 6. Inter-processes Communications in RTOS - Synchronous and Asynchronous. Messages and Signal Passing, Time deadlines. 7. Memory Control in RTOS, Compare with non-RTOS Systems. Fixed and Dynamic Memory Allocation. Bit Maps and Linked Lists Memory Management, Fragmentation and Defragmentation. 8. RT Devices Drivers. Inputs and Outputs Devices. Compare with Standard Drivers. Dividing and functions of Drivers. Interrupts Handling and Communication with Devices. 9. Files Management System and Directories. Compare RTOS and non-RTOS systems. System Safety and Security in RTOS. 10. Standard POSIX for RTOS. Overview of Using RTOS and their Dividing, Standard: QNX, VxWorks, RT Linux, RTX, etc., for RT Embedded Systems: Embedded QNX, OSEK, etc., for soft RT Embedded Systems: Micro Linux, Windows CE, Windows XP Embedded, etc. 11. Operating System Selection for Control Applications. 12. Real-time Operating Systems Development Perspectives. Projects: All students received 2 individual projects or one semester project, which are disposed on computer. Laboratories: 1. QNX Operating System Introducing. 2. Architecture QNX Operating System. Submission of the First Individual Task. 3. Tasks Programming in Multitask System and Their Inter-connections. Processes, Threads and their Characteristic. 4. Communication Tasks between RT Processes or Threads. 5. Planning RT Processes Tasks and theirs Deadlines. 6. RT Process Interrupts Handling Tasks. 7. Using MMU in RT Tasks. 8. Files Management and Safety RT Tasks. Submission of the Second Individual Task 9. Tasks in Second RTOS, e.g. RT Embedded Systems. 10. Task Programming Second RTOS. 11. Credit Work.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2015/2016 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 35  10
        Examination Examination 65  41
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: - Submitting and defending all parts of the project - 50% attendance at the exercises

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (N2647) Information and Communication Technology (2612T025) Computer Science and Technology P English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2019/2020 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2612T041) Control and Information Systems P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N2647) Information and Communication Technology (2612T025) Computer Science and Technology K English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2019/2020 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2612T041) Control and Information Systems K English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0714A150002) Control and Information Systems P English Ostrava 2 Optional study plan
2018/2019 (N2647) Information and Communication Technology (2612T025) Computer Science and Technology P English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2018/2019 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2612T041) Control and Information Systems P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N2647) Information and Communication Technology (2612T025) Computer Science and Technology K English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2018/2019 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2612T041) Control and Information Systems K English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N2647) Information and Communication Technology (2612T025) Computer Science and Technology P English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2017/2018 (N2647) Information and Communication Technology (2612T025) Computer Science and Technology K English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2017/2018 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2612T041) Control and Information Systems P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2612T041) Control and Information Systems K English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N2647) Information and Communication Technology (2612T025) Computer Science and Technology P English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2016/2017 (N2647) Information and Communication Technology (2612T025) Computer Science and Technology K English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2016/2017 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2612T041) Control and Information Systems P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2612T041) Control and Information Systems K English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N2647) Information and Communication Technology (2612T025) Computer Science and Technology P English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2015/2016 (N2647) Information and Communication Technology (2612T025) Computer Science and Technology K English Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2015/2016 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2601T004) Measurement and Control Engineering P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2601T004) Measurement and Control Engineering K English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2612T041) Control and Information Systems P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (2612T041) Control and Information Systems K English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
V - ECTS - mgr. 2019/2020 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2018/2019 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2017/2018 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2016/2017 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2015/2016 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block