450-4041/01 – Medical Imaging Systems 2 (LZS 2)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Cybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Martin Černý, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Martin Černý, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2010/2011Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFEIIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BRY0006 Ing. Iveta Bryjová
CER275 doc. Ing. Martin Černý, Ph.D.
HAL0068 Ing. Radek Halfar
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Combined Credit and Examination 2+12

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

This subject concerns on technical principles of medical imaging systems. The goal of the lectures is understanding the principles, way of measurement two dimensional image data.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

Content of subject is explanation of structure, principle and properties of medical imaging devices like RTG, USG, CT, MRI, Pet , SPECT.

Compulsory literature:

d. S Webb The Physics of Medical Imaging. Bristol: Institute of Physics Publishing (IoP). 1988 Webb A., Introduction to Biomedical Imaging. IEEE press.2003 Sonka M., Fitzpatrick J. M., Handbook of Medical Imaging, vol.2. SPIE Press, 2000 Bronzino, J. D. The Biomedical Engineering Handbook. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 1995 Webb A., Introduction to Biomedical Imaging. IEEE press.2003 Webster, J.: Medical instrumentation: Aplication and Design, ISBN 0471153680, 1997 Carr, J., Brown, M.: Introducion to Biomedical Equipment Technofogy (4th edition), ISBN 0130104922, 2000

Recommended literature:

d. S Webb The Physics of Medical Imaging. Bristol: Institute of Physics Publishing (IoP). 1988 Webb A., Introduction to Biomedical Imaging. IEEE press.2003 Sonka M., Fitzpatrick J. M., Handbook of Medical Imaging, vol.2. SPIE Press, 2000 Bronzino, J. D. The Biomedical Engineering Handbook. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 1995 Webb A., Introduction to Biomedical Imaging. IEEE press.2003 Webster, J.: Medical instrumentation: Aplication and Design, ISBN 0471153680, 1997 Carr, J., Brown, M.: Introducion to Biomedical Equipment Technofogy (4th edition), ISBN 0130104922, 2000

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Credit: the student will receive credit for achieving the minimum 20 points (max.40) all reports on laboratory experiments and one follow-up tests. In distance study it required for accrediation one semestral project and one follow-up test For the credit is required mandatory participation in seminars at least 80% from past lessons.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

There are not defined other requirements for students.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures Application and importance of imaging systems and methods in medicine. The basic division of imaging techniques in terms of physical principle, and use in diagnosis. The basic principle of two-dimensional display, resolution, image size, the specifics of medical imaging systems and requirements. Three-dimensional visualization of biological objects - voxels. Television scanning systems capture and evaluation issues in general images, the way you look and perception of an image, lighting conditions for the perception of an image. TV image sensors: optical, CCD image sensor. Thermal sensing cameras, opto-mechanical degradation. Videoendoskopie. Television screens display systems for imaging systems - vacuum, the LCD displays with gas discharges, projectors, television image. Scanning, color TV. Ultrasound technique. Physical principles of ultrasound, ultrasound waves interaction with living tissue. Generation of ultrasound waves, ultrasound, measuring principle ultrasonographic imaging. Ultrasound, method of organization measurement cycle. Implementation of three-dimensional imaging. Scanning speed of the ultrasound beam by tissue Doppler effect. Contrast tests X-ray technician, physical principles, sources and detectors. Principles of record. Security risks. Angiography. Computed Tomography, Principles, implementation, detectors, development generations. Effects of X-rays in CT. Normal doses. Infraimaging systems in medicine. Thermography, principles, importance. Pyrovidikon. Fluorescence imaging methods Magnetic resonance imaging, MRI history, fyzkální prince, properties, magnetic MRI systems, gradient field, RF signal encoding volume element, the essence of Fourier reconstruction methods, applications. The basic arrangement for NMR facilities. Magnetic resonance imaging. Clinical methods of display MR. Properties and construction of sensors and thrusters. safetyt.Functional MRI mapping of brain activity Radionuclide imaging techniques positron emission tomography - PET and SPECT. Principles and methods of obtaining images. Imaging systems in nuclear medicine. Gama imaging systems. Two dimensional data formats (DICOM), data structures, SOP Class, Presentation of image data on a CRT, LCD monitors, and printing services DICOMu for communication over TCP / IP Responsibilities of laboratory exercises Practical exercises to work on imaging systems in medicine. Practical exercises examples of two-dimensional display, vertical and horizontal resolution, image size. Three-dimensional visualization of biological objects - voxels. Practical exercises on television sensing systems, sensing problems and evaluation of images in general, the way you look and perception of an image, lighting conditions for the perception of an image. TV image sensors: optical, CCD image sensor. Videoendoskopy. Practical exercises with the TV display systems. Displays for Imaging Systems - Vacuum, LCD displays with gas discharges, projectors, television image. Scanning, color TV. Practical exercises and ultrasound technology to obtain images in MATLAB. Practical verification of the physical nature of ultrasound, ultrasonic wave generation, Practical exercises on ultrasonography, method of organization measurement cycle. Scanning speed of the ultrasound beam by tissue Doppler effect. Visit on radiodiagnostic department in the medical workplace. X-ray technician, physical principles, sources and detectors. Principles of record. Security risks. Angiography. Visit and excursion to the computer tomograph, principles, implementation, detectors. Practical exercises with infra imaging systems in medicine. Thermography. Practical demonstration of the department radiodiagnostics magnetic resonance imaging, MRI history, fyzkální the prince, properties, magnetic systems, MRI phantoms. The basic arrangement for NMR facilities. Magnetic resonance demonstration activities. Clinical methods of display MR. Properties and construction of sensors and thrusters. Mapping brain activity. Excursion to the workplace radionuclide imaging techniques - positron emission tomography - PET and SPECT. Excursion to the workplace and practical demonstration of imaging systems in nuclear medicine. Gama imaging systems. Demonstration of transmission and processing of DICOM protocol under laboratory conditions. Presentation of image data on a CRT, LCD monitors, and printing services DICOMu for communication over TCP / IP.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40 (40) 21
                Písemný test Written test 10  6
                Laboratorní práce Laboratory work 30  15
        Examination Examination 60 (60) 31
                Písemná zkouška Written examination 40  21
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 20  5
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history
Combined form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40 (40) 21
                Písemná zkouška Written test 10  6
                Semestrální projekt Semestral project 30  15
        Examination Examination 60 (60) 31
                Písemná zkouška Written examination 40  21
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 20  5
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner