450-4051/01 – Hemodialysis Technique and Technology (HTT)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Cybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringCredits2
Subject guarantordoc. Mudr. Arnošt Martínek, CSc.Subject version guarantordoc. Mudr. Arnošt Martínek, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementOptional
YearSemestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2010/2011Year of cancellation2012/2013
Intended for the facultiesFEIIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
CIH07 RNDr. Josef Čihák
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Graded credit 1+1
Combined Graded credit 2+8

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The goal is to focus on special medical therapeutic equipment - hemodialysis technology. The benefit of this course is to acquire knowledge and familiarization with the biophysical principles and using these devices in clinical use. Course content complements the basic knowledge of medical electrical equipment in the field of study of biomedical engineering.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

The first part of the course focuses on the biophysical principles and their technical application. This is essentially a principle of metabolism, extracorporeal circulation, and implemention of technology for hemodialysis solutions, including. water treatment based on reverse osmosis. Also included are special procedures for a higher level disinfection and cleaning procedures. It is clarified the issue of biocompatibility, special methods of sterilization of blood (haemofiltration) and technical principles of hemodialysis instrumentation (blood pumps, flow gear pumps, sensors, etc.).

Compulsory literature:

Jacobs, C. – Kjellstrand, C.M. – Koch, M.K. – Winchester, F.J.: Replacement of renal function by dialysis, Kluwer Academic Publisher, 1996

Recommended literature:

Čihák,J: Hemodialyzační technika a technologie, Sylaby na WWW stránkách katedry, 2009.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Students will receive credit for passing the control test in the range of 26-50 points and points for a midterm test score in the range of 25-50 points.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

There are not defined other requirements for student

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

- History of hemodialysis treatment and its biophysical foundation - The principle of metabolism and elimination of metabolic toxins, ultrafiltration - Extracorporeal circulation, the basics of biophysics and safety vascular access. - Design and technology of hemodialysis unit, the basic parameters and their definitions (clereance, UF rate, biocompatibility, ...), technology training and sterilization treatment. - Technology and Production of hemodialysis concentrates and solutions, monitoring their performance, measurement, microbiological safety, technical solutions to the water part. - Treatment and pretreatment of water for hemodialysis, softening, carbon columns, reverse osmosis principle, principles of surface and depth filters, tangential ultrafiltration, water quality monitoring. - Principles of haemofiltration and other special elimination methods, inc. Haemoperfusion. - Evaluation of the adequacy of hemodialysis therapy, and determining dialysis dose. - Measurement methods used for hemodialysis treatment, and their effectiveness. - Technical and safety of hemodialysis equipment in the patient environment. Laboratory exercises - Demonstration of the basic technical elements of the hemodialysis technique. - The basic elements of the extracorporeal blood circulation and technical control. - A practical demonstration of the dialyzer. - Functional and safety features of extracorporeal circulation and its diagnosis. - Service and diagnostic software hemodialysis techniques. - Hemodialysis - a combination of high-risk instrument and technology units. - Principles of safety engineering controls hemodialysis techniques. - Operational maintenance hemodialysis techniques and skills and education of staff. - Practical operation and periodic maintenance of reverse osmosis, sampling and inspection. - Hemodialysis Technology. Visit the hemodialysis center.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2010/2011 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Graded exercises evaluation Graded credit 100 (100) 51
        Test Other task type 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2012/2013 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava Optional study plan
2012/2013 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava Optional study plan
2011/2012 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava Optional study plan
2011/2012 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava Optional study plan
2010/2011 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2010/2011 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Optional study plan
2010/2011 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 1 Optional study plan
2010/2011 (N2649) Electrical Engineering (3901T009) Biomedical Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Optional study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner