450-4071/02 – Infusion and Hemodialysis Technique and Technology (IHTT)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Cybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringCredits3
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Martin Augustynek, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Martin Augustynek, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semestersummer
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFEIIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
AUG011 prof. Ing. Martin Augustynek, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+1
Part-time Credit and Examination 12+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the course is to focus on infusion technology and hemodialysis technology. The benefit of the subject is acquiring knowledge and understanding of the principles, techniques and use of these devices. The course supplements the basic knowledge about medical electrical devices in the study field of biomedical engineering.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Experimental work in labs
Teaching by an expert (lecture or tutorial)

Summary

The first part of the subject is focused on basic principles and construction of peristaltic pump, derived pumping technique, linear dispensers, other pumping techniques for medical applications (concentrate diaphragm pumps, ultrafiltration pumps, gear flow and degassing pumps, etc.). The second part of the subject is focused on biophysical principles and their technical application. This is primarily the principle metabolism, extracorporeal circulation and realization of hemodialysis solution technology incl. water treatment based reverse osmosis. Furthermore, there are special high-level disinfection procedures and cleaning procedures. The issue is clarified biocompatibility, special purification methods of blood (haemofiltration) and technical principles of hemodialysis apparatus techniques.

Compulsory literature:

[1] RONCO, C. a Mitchell H. ROSNER. Hemodialysis: new methods and future technology. Basel: Karger, 2011. Contributions to nephrology, v. 171. ISBN 978-380-5597-715. [2] VOL. ED. CLAUDIO RONCO .. Hemodialysis technology: 31 tables ; [First International Course on Hemodialysis Technology, Vicenza, June 2002]. Basel [u.a.]: Karger, 2002. ISBN 978-380-5574-235.

Recommended literature:

[1] Jacobs, C. – Kjellstrand, C.M. – Koch, M.K. – Winchester, F.J.: Replacement of renal function by dialysis, Kluwer, Academic Publisher, 1996

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Student will receive a credit for attending laboratory exercises of 21 - 40 points. At the end of the semester the written exam will be 26 - 50 points. Oral exam 1-10 points Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Attendance at seminars requires at least 80% of the taught lessons.

E-learning

Other requirements

No other student requirements are placed.

Prerequisities

Subject codeAbbreviationTitleRequirement
450-4070 SZTD Special Medical Technology and Diagnostics Compulsory

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

I. INFUSION TECHNOLOGY 1. Historical aspects of infusion therapy and the origins of instrument infusion therapy. Terminology and nomenclature, incl. definition other medical devices that are associated with the clinical application of these technical devices. Basic principles and construction of the peristaltic pump, its properties and its use in clinical practice. 2. Clarification of occlusal pressure, calculation of pump performance, basic advantages of this principle. Influence of operating parameters for therapy efficacy, set properties, change of parameters over time and stability of therapy parameters. Linearization peristaltic pumps for the implementation of a lamellar or sequential type infusion pump, design and basic Properties. 3. Derived pump technology - enteral pumps and their design. Linear Dispensers - Use of Injection syringes, basic properties. Safety elements of infusion technology and their meaning. Possible negative effects of infusion techniques (foreign objects, drug compatibility, air embolism, etc.) 4. Use of disposable medical devices necessary for the functioning of the infusion technique, their meaning, influence on the quality and effectiveness of therapy. 5. Other pumping techniques for medical applications (concentrate diaphragm pumps, ultrafiltration pumps, toothed flow and degassing pumps, etc.). 6. Infusion technology systems. II. HEMODIALIZATION TECHNOLOGY 1. Historical aspects of hemodialysis treatment. Basic biophysical principles of hemodialysis treatment (diffusion, convection, ultrafiltration, osmosis, etc.). 2. Permeable membranes, principle and design of the dialyzer, its properties, basic parameters and their importance. Elimination of metabolic toxins, plasma water ultrafiltration, haemofiltration methods, material and technological biocompatibility, etc. 3. Extra-blood circulation, its essential elements (dialyzer, needles, sets, etc.), influence on the efficacy and safety of the treatment, parameters of circulation, preparation for clinical application, recirculation, drug inputs. 4. Treatment of water for dialysis treatment based on reverse osmosis and its importance. The issue of dialysis concentrates, dialysis solution and quality assessment (monitoring). 5. Microbial safety of dialysis therapy, problems of cleaning and disinfection of dialysis equipment. 6. Adequacy of hemodialysis therapy, on line principles of adequacy monitoring. The safety of hemodialysis treatment. Ecological aspects of dialysis treatment.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40  21
        Examination Examination 60 (60) 27 3
                written test Written examination 50  26
                oral exam Oral examination 10  1
Mandatory attendence participation: Student will receive a credit for attending laboratory exercises of 21 - 40 points. At the end of the semester the written exam will be 26 - 50 points. Oral exam 1-10 points Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Attendance at seminars requires at least 80% of the taught lessons.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: Completion of all mandatory tasks within individually agreed deadlines.

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2023/2024 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT P English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT K English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT P English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT P English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT K English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT P English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT K English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT P English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering LPT K English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
V - ECTS - mgr. 2023/2024 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2022/2023 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2021/2022 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2020/2021 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block

Assessment of instruction

Předmět neobsahuje žádné hodnocení.