450-4073/02 – Medical Imaging Systems I (LZS I)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Cybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringCredits3
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Martin Černý, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Martin Černý, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semesterwinter
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFEIIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
CER275 prof. Ing. Martin Černý, Ph.D.
HRU0210 Ing. Dan Hrubý
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+1
Part-time Credit and Examination 0+12

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Student will be able to clarify physics principles of medical imaging systems after graduation. He will be able to interpret their design and propose solutions to detected failures.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The subject is focused on physical principles, structure and properties of medical imaging systems such as RTG, UZV, CT, MR, PET, SPECT, thermography, electrical impedance tomography. The subject deals with deeper physical principles and concrete realization of imaging systems.

Compulsory literature:

WEBB, Andrew R. Introduction to biomedical imaging. Hoboken: Wiley, c2003. ISBN 0-471-23766-3. OPPELT, Arnulf, ed. Imaging systems for medical diagnostics: fundamentals, technical solutions and applications for systems applying ionizing radiation, nuclear magnetic resonance and ultrasound. Erlangen: Publicis Corporate Publishing, 2005. ISBN 3-89578-226-2.

Recommended literature:

HOSKINS, P. R., Kevin MARTIN a Abigail THRUSH, ed. Diagnostic ultrasound: physics and equipment. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-521-75710-2. BERNSTEIN, Matt A., Kevin Franklin KING a Ziaohong Joe ZHOU. Handbook of MRI pulse sequences. Burlington: Elsevier/Academic Press, c2004. ISBN 0-12-092861-2. HASHEMI, Ray H., William G. BRADLEY a Christopher J. LISANTI. MRI: the basics. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, c2010. ISBN 978-1-60831-115-6.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Attendance at seminars is at least 80%. Protocols from laboratory exercises. Writtent test on calculation exercises. Written and oral exam.

E-learning

Other requirements

No other requirements.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lectures: 1. X-rays - physical principles, X-ray spectrum, interaction with tissues, x-ray tube, x-ray tube structure, electrical circuits necessary for x-ray tubes. 2. X-ray detectors - physical principles, technical and electrical properties, construction. Safety precautions to prevent the undesirable effects of X-rays on the patient, staff and surroundings. Clinical use. 3. Computer tomography (CT) - physical principles, construction of CT device. 4. Magnetic resonance - physical principles, relaxation times, magnetization measurement methods. 5. Magnetic resonance - spatial coding, gradients, resolution, contrast, RF coil, sequences 6. Magnetic resonance - device design, coil for MRI - design. clinical use of MRI. 7. Functional magnetic resonance - principles, clinical use. 8. SPECT - physical principles, design, SPECT quality assessment. 9. PET - The principle of PET emission tomography. Design of PET systems. Quality assessment of PET systems. 10. Infrared imaging systems (IRZS), physical principles, types of sensors, construction, quality assessment. 11. Ultrasound Imaging Systems (UZV) - Physical Principles, Doppler Phenomena, Focusing. 12. UZV - Diagnostic UZV Structure, Detailed analysis of diagnostic UZV components. 13. UZV - Image Quality Assessment, Medical Interpretation of Images. 14. Electrical impedance tomography. laboratory Exercises: 1. X-rays - computational exercises on physical principles and design of el. circuit. for rentgents. 2. Computer tomography - work with a CT simulator. Acquisition of images. 3. Magnetic resonance - physical pricips, image simulation and reconstruction 4. Magnetic Resonance - Examination Sequences - Simulation 5. PET and SPECT - Physical Principles, Computational Exercises. 6. UZV - Work with diagnostic UZV, phantom, evaluation of image quality. 7. UZV detectors - properties - laboratory exercises.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40  20
        Examination Examination 60 (60) 30 3
                Written exam Written examination 40  20 3
                Oral exam Oral examination 20  5 3
Mandatory attendence participation: Attendance at seminars is at least 80%. Project. Written and oral exam.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: Splnění všech povinných úkolů v individuálně dohodnutých termínech./Completion of all mandatory tasks within individually agreed deadlines

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2023/2024 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering MZD P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering MZD K English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering MZD P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering MZD P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering MZD K English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering MZD P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering MZD K English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering MZD P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering MZD K English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
V - ECTS - mgr. 2023/2024 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2022/2023 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2021/2022 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2020/2021 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block

Assessment of instruction

Předmět neobsahuje žádné hodnocení.