450-4080/02 – Biomechanics of Humans (BiMe)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Cybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Marek Penhaker, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Marek Penhaker, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory type B
Year1Semesterwinter
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFEIIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HOF0043 Ing. Jana Dědková
GRE196 Ing. Jan Grepl, Ph.D.
HLA55 Ing. Milada Hlaváčková, Ph.D.
PEN72 prof. Ing. Marek Penhaker, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 0+16

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the subject is systemic concept of human biomechanics in bioengineering. Human Biomechanics introduces students to the basic concepts of mechanics in the application of human biology. Students will learn to understand the relative and systemic interconnection of human musculoskeletal apparatus and its influence on the coordination and physiology of motion. At the same time students are acquainted with the basics of substitutes and biocompatible materials used in biomechanics.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The subject of the biomechanics of the person is engaged in the solution of biomechanical problems of the musculoskeletal system, where students are familiarised with the solution of problems of the skeletal and muscular apparatus. To the extent it is discussed the pathology of the mentioned types of systems, in particular, from the point of view of the degradation processes. In the section dedicated bio-material engineering, the subject focuses mainly on the constitutive and strength properties of the fundamental biomechanical materials and on the properties of artificial materials, which are part of the implants. Systemically is discussed about pathologist

Compulsory literature:

ROBERTSON, D. Gordon E. Research methods in biomechanics. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics, c2004. ISBN 0-7360-3966-X. HUISKES, Rik., Dick H. van. CAMPEN a Joost R. de. WIJN. Biomechanics, principles and applications: selected proceedings of the 3rd General Meeting of the European Society of Biomechanics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 21-23 January 1982. Hingham, MA, USA: Distributors for the U.S. and Canada, Kluwer Boston, 1982. ISBN 9024730473.

Recommended literature:

HUTTEN, Helmut. Biotelemetrie: angewandte biomedizinische Technik. Berlin: Springer, 1973. Anaesthesiology and resuscitation. OTÁHAL, Stanislav, ed. Biomechanics, biofluidics and alternative biomaterial substitutions: Biomechanika, biofluidika a alternativní biomateriálové náhrady. Prague: Univerzita Karlova, Fakulta tělesné výchovy a sportu, 2006. ISBN 80-86317-40-4.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Student will receive credit after min. 25 points (max. 40) for processing a semester project. Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Attendance at seminars requires at least 80% of the taught lessons. Exercises will take place in the classroom, where they will discuss individual lecture topics. Practical applications will explain and clarify individual lecture topics. Written exam

E-learning

Other requirements

Attendance at seminars requires at least 80% of the taught lessons.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Lecture: 1. Defining the terms of biomechanics, origin, structure and hierarchy of human biomechanics. 2. Classification of the musculoskeletal system, kinematic arrangement of skeletal skeleton of the human body. 3. Classification and block arrangement of the human control apparatus. 4. Description of function blocks and their binding relations. 5. Skeletal system of man. 6. Muscle and tendon system of the human. 7. Structural analysis of moving parts of the body. 8. Structural analysis of joint segments, skin, joints. 9. Compartment syndrome and its manifestations. 10. Material engineering, properties and characteristics of technical materials in biomechanics. 11. Bio-material engineering and their characteristics from the point of view of biological and technical materials. 12. Biocompatibility and implants. 13. Solutions of biomechanical problems by modeling. 14. The linking of biomechanics to the activities of the human organism. Labs and Exercises: 1. Basic terms and classification of biomechanics. Sample examples of biomechanics theory and application. 2. Sample examples for computing force, stroke, torque. 3. The concept of center of gravity and force torques, equilibrium and non-equilibrium. 4. Mechanical patterns and computation of pressure, shear, torsion and bending. 5. Human ergonomic patterns, way, loading system. 6. Calculations of moments and energy balances of human movement. 7. Influence of sensory and locomotor organs on human motion apparatus, kinetics and kinesiology, fractures and traumas. 8. Biomechanics of the skin, strength, elasticity, joining. 9. Mechanical tests for compression and bending, and stroke. 10. Simulation and measurement of compartment syndrome and its manifestations. 11. Implantation biomechanics. 12. Nano and microbiomechanics. 13. Biocompatibility and Materials Used. 14. Examples of solutions to biomechanical problems and clinical biomechanics.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 40  25
        Examination Examination 60  31 3
Mandatory attendence participation: Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: Attendance at seminars requires at least 80% of the taught lessons.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2023/2024 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2022/2023 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering K English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2022/2023 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2021/2022 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering K English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2020/2021 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering K English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2019/2020 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering P English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type B study plan
2019/2020 (N0988A060002) Biomedical Engineering K English Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory type B study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
V - ECTS - mgr. 2023/2024 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block
V - ECTS - mgr. 2022/2023 Full-time English Optional 401 - Study Office stu. block

Assessment of instruction

Předmět neobsahuje žádné hodnocení.