480-2012/02 – Introduction to Physical Measurement (ÚLCF)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of PhysicsCredits2
Subject guarantorMgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorMgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2018/2019Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesFMT, FEI, USP, FSIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HRA01 Mgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Graded credit 1+1

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Explain the mathematical statistics methods for calculation of measurement uncertainty. Interpret the calculating methods of standard measurement uncertainty. Analyse the results of simple measuremets.

Teaching methods

Experimental work in labs


The subject is an introductory course for laboratory exercises in physics I, II, III, and IV. The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the basics of experimental work in physics and evaluation of measured values using measurement uncertainty. The theoretical knowledge obtained is based on simple measurements of selected physical quantities.

Compulsory literature:

TAYLOR, J., R.: An Introduction to Error Analysis: The Study of Uncertainties in Physical Measurements University Science Books; 2nd edition 1996.

Recommended literature:

FORNASINI, Paolo. The Uncertainty in Physical Measurements: An Introduction to Data Analysis in the Physics Laboratory, Springer; 2008. ISBN 978-0387786490

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Evaluation of laboratory reports, written test.


no e-learning available

Další požadavky na studenta

Systematic home preparation for measurement. Compulsory attendance at practical exercises.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Labor safety in physical laboratories. 2. Theory of measurement of physical quantities: the reproducibility of the measurement results as the basis of the scientific method. Measurement as a process of comparison. 3. Measuring units - SI system of units. Calibration and certification. 4. Measurement uncertainty: the result of the measurement, the measurement error and the real value. The uncertainty of the measurement outcome. Statistical standard uncertainty (type A). Systematic standard uncertainty (type B). The combined standard uncertainty. Expanded uncertainty increases the reliability of measurement results. 5. Covariance law and Gauss' law of propagation of uncertainty in indirect measurements. Functional dependencies – the band of confidence . Rules for rounding off and numerical formulation of the measurement result. Reliability and validity of measurement results. 6. Direct measurement of parameters: length, angle, 7. Direct measurement of parameters: volume, time, weight, 8. Direct measurement of parameters: temperature, pressure, electric voltage. 9. Scheme of the experiment: experimental design. General formats of graphs of physical dependencies. Realization of the experiment. 10. The record of direct measurements - data table format. Evaluation and analysis of experimental results. Publication of the results of an experiment (necessary components of a laboratory report). Sample laboratory report. 11. Practical exercise: measurement of density metal roller by definition method. 12. Practical exercise: measurement of inertia moment of metal roller by definition method. 13. Practical exercise: measurement of the VA characteristic of the selected non-linear element.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2018/2019 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Graded credit Graded credit 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Mandatory participation in practical exercises. Submission of reports of laboratory tasks.

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B3942) Nanotechnology (3942R001) Nanotechnology P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0588A170002) Applied Sciences and Technologies P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B0719A270002) Nanotechnology P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B3942) Nanotechnology (3942R001) Nanotechnology P English Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

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