480-2091/01 – Theory of Physical Measurements (TFM)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of PhysicsCredits3
Subject guarantorMgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorMgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2017/2018Year of cancellation2018/2019
Intended for the facultiesFEI, USPIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HRA01 Mgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+1

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Course objectives as a list of skills due dates: Identify, name, and reproduce the issue of physical measurement. EXPLAINING important regularities in the theory of the measurement process, the theory of uncertainty and data processing. Demonstrate the ability to apply, uses the acquired knowledge of the above areas in practice. Demonstrate the ability to analyze the physical nature of the problem. Demonstrate the ability to summarize the standard parameters of the problem. Summarize options Rejection physical problem and establish boundaries of applicability of each method.

Teaching methods



The subject follows the basic experience gained in the Introduction to laboratory exercises and extends them mainly in the theoretical field. Syllabus of the course: 1. Theory of Physical Measurement: Reproducibility of measurement results as the basis of the scientific method. Measurement as a benchmarking process. Measurement units - a system of SI units. Calibration and certification 2. Measurement uncertainty: Result of measurement, reality and measurement error. Uncertainty of measurement result. Statistical standard uncertainty (type A). Systematic standard uncertainty (type B). Combined standard uncertainty. Extended uncertainty increases the reliability of the measurement result. The Covarian Law and the Gauss Law to spread uncertainty in indirect measurement. Band of uncertainties of functional dependence. Rounding and numerical formulation of the measurement result. Gross error and reliability of measurement results. 3. Direct measurements of physical quantities: Measurement of length. Angle measurement. Volume measurement. Measuring time. Weight measurement. Temperature measurement. Pressure measurement. Electrical voltage measurement. 4. Experiment scheme: Experiment design. General formats of physical dependence graphs. Realization of the experiment. Recording of the results of the direct measurements - data table format. Evaluation and physical analysis of the experiment result. Publication of experiment results (sample laboratory protocol). Sample of the laboratory protocol.

Compulsory literature:

Figliola R. S., Beasley D. E.: Theory and design for mechanical measurements 5. ed., international student version. - Hoboken : Wiley, 2011, ISBN 978-0-470-64618-2 (brož.) Hejtmanová D., Ripka P., Sedláček M.: Electrical measurements and instrumentation: laboratory exercises, Praha: Vydavatelství ČVUT, 2002, ISBN 80-01-02475-X Dally J.W, Riley W. E., McConnell K.G.: Instrumentation for engineering measurements - 2nd ed.. - New York : Wiley, 1993,ISBN 0-471-60004-0

Recommended literature:

ONLY IN CZECH: Dokument EAL-R2/1997, Český institut pro akreditaci http://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Units/background.html

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester



no e-learning available

Další požadavky na studenta

Separate systematic work of the student.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

The subject assumes a basic experience gained in the courses Introduction to laboratory exercises. SYLLABUS: First PHYSICAL THEORY OF MEASUREMENT 1.1 The reproducibility of the measurement results as the basis of the scientific method 1.2 Measurement as a process of comparison 1.3 Measuring units - System of Units SI 1.4 Calibration and Certification 2. Uncertainty of measurement 2.1 Measurement result, the reality and measurement error 2.2 The uncertainty of the measurement result 2.3 Statistical standard uncertainty (type A) 2.4 Systematic standard uncertainty (type B) 2.5. The combined standard uncertainty of 2.6 Expanded uncertainty increases the reliability of the measurement result 2.7 Covariance Gaussian law and the law of propagation of uncertainty in indirect measurements 2.8 Belt uncertainties functional dependence 2.9 Rounding a numerical formulation of the measurement result 2.10 Gross error and reliability of measurement results 3. Direct measurement of the physical quantity 3.1 Measurement of lengths 3.2 Angle measuring 3.3 Measurement of volume 3.4 Timekeeping 3.5 Weight measurement 3.6 Temperature measurement 3.7 Pressure measurement 3.8 Measurement of voltage 4 SCHEMA EXPERIMENT 4.1 Design of experiment 4.2 General formats of physical dependence graphs 4.3 Realization Experiment 4.4 Record the results of direct measurements - format data table 4.5 Evaluation and analysis of the physical outcome of the experiment 4.6 Publication of the results of the experiment (specimen laboratory report) 4.7. Sample laboratory report

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2017/2018 Winter semester, validity until: 2018/2019 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  18
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Compulsory attendance at seminars.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2018/2019 (B1701) Physics (1702R001) Applied Physics P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner