480-8510/02 – Bachelor Physics (BF)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of PhysicsCredits9
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2018/2019Year of cancellation2020/2021
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HLA57 prof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D.
HRA01 Mgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.
JAN85 RNDr. Eva Janurová, Ph.D.
POL16 RNDr. Josef Poláček, CSc.
BEZ0059 Ing. Iva Tkáčová, Ph.D.
ZIV01 doc. Ing. Ondřej Životský, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+4
Part-time Credit and Examination 32+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Collect the basic principles and laws of the chosen part of the classical physics Describe, clarify and interpret the particular natural phenomena Apply the simple mathematical methods for describing of the physical phenomena Illustrate obtained knowledge in the frame of the easy applications

Teaching methods



Particle motion mechanics. Particle systems mechanics. Rigid body mechanics. Hydromechanics. Thermal motion, electrostatic field. Magnetic field, electromagnetic field. Mechanical oscillations, electromagnetic oscillations. Mechanical wave motion, electromagnetic wave motion, optics.

Compulsory literature:

Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walder, J.: Fundamentals of Physics, Fifth Editon Extended, 1997, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Pekárek, S., Murla, M.: Physics I, Department of Physics, FEE, CTU, Praha, 1992 Pekárek, S., Murla, M.: Physics II, ČVUT, Praha, 1993

Recommended literature:

Feynman, R.P., Leighton, R.B., Sands, M.: The Feynman Lectures on Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 2005 Jones, E.R., Childers, R.L.: Contemporary College Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 1990

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Tests, projects, written and oral examinations, systematic preparation for lectures


Not available

Other requirements

Active participation in seminars, including the preparation of control exams and written tests.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Subject is aimed at basic knowledge of physical phenomena and description of the universe for technics. 1. Subject of physics. Physical concepts, quantities, units, matter, substance and physical fields. Basic math operations in physics, algebraic operations and vectors, use of differentiation and integration functions. 2. Tangible fixed point. Kinematics of motion of a particle, the trajectory, the track, speed, acceleration, natural components of acceleration. Classification movements. 3. Momentum of a particle. Inertia, momentum, force, impulse forces, laws of motion. Some types of forces. Newton's equation of motion. Movements in the homogeneous gravity field. 4. Mechanics of movement system of particles and rigid bodies. Moment of inertia, torque, angular momentum. Pulse sentence. Composition of forces acting on a rigid body, a pair of forces. 5. Mechanical vibration. Non-attenuated, attenuated and forced oscillations. Pendulum. Graphical representation of the oscillating motion. Superposition of harmonic oscillations. Mechanical waves. Huygens principle. Sound. 6. Mechanics of fluids. Ideal and real fluid. Laws of hydrostatics (Pascal's law, Archimedes' law) and hydrodynamics (equation of continuity, Bernoulli's equation) for an ideal liquid. 7. Gravitational field. Newton's law of gravity, gravity characteristics. Gravity field force work, Moving in the gravity field of the Earth. 8. Thermos. Temperature, temperature scale and heat. Basic concepts of kinetic theory of gasses, internal energy, work and heat, heat capacity and thermodynamics. Calorimetric equation. 9. Reversible changes in the status ideal gas. A circular plot with an ideal gas. The first, the second and the third laws of thermodynamics. Changes of the matter state – graph of state. 10. Electrostatic field. Electric charge and its properties, characteristics of the electrostatic field. The capacity - capacitors. Stationary electric field. Electric current, resistance, electromotive voltage. DC circuits. Work and power supply. Measurement of basic electrical quantities. 11. Stationary magnetic field. Characteristics and the forces acting on the charge and electric current in a magnetic field. 12. Non-stationary magnetic field. Electromagnetic induction, mutual and own induction. The origin and basic properties of alternating current, electromagnetic wave generation. 13. Optics. Light as electromagnetic waves - radiation. The spectrum of electromagnetic radiation. Dualism of electromagnetic radiation. The wave properties of light (interference, reflection, refraction, diffraction) and quantum properties of light (photoelectric effect, Compton phenomenon, creation of electron-positron pairs). 14. Fundamentals of nuclear physics – mass deficit, attenuation of radiation in time and space (in barrier).

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2018/2019 Winter semester, validity until: 2020/2021 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  18
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: attending of seminars at least 80%

Show history

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Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner