480-8510/03 – Bachelor Physics (BF)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of PhysicsCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementOptional
Year3Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2020/2021Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
GRY0091 Ing. Michal Gryga
HLA57 prof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D.
HRA01 Mgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.
NIK01 Ing. Marek Nikodým, Ph.D.
POL16 RNDr. Josef Poláček, CSc.
BEZ0059 Ing. Iva Tkáčová, Ph.D.
UHL72 Mgr. Radim Uhlář, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+3
Part-time Credit and Examination 24+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Collect the basic principles and laws of the chosen part of the classical physics Describe, clarify and interpret the particular natural phenomena Apply the simple mathematical methods for describing of the physical phenomena Illustrate obtained knowledge in the frame of the easy applications

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

Particle motion mechanics. Particle systems mechanics. Rigid body mechanics. Hydromechanics. Thermal motion, electrostatic field. Magnetic field, electromagnetic field. Mechanical oscillations, electromagnetic oscillations. Mechanical wave motion, electromagnetic wave motion, optics.

Compulsory literature:

Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walder, J.: Fundamentals of Physics, Fifth Editon Extended, 1997, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Pekárek, S., Murla, M.: Physics I, Department of Physics, FEE, CTU, Praha, 1992 Pekárek, S., Murla, M.: Physics II, ČVUT, Praha, 1993

Recommended literature:

Feynman, R.P., Leighton, R.B., Sands, M.: The Feynman Lectures on Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 2005 Jones, E.R., Childers, R.L.: Contemporary College Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 1990

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Tests, projects, written and oral examinations, systematic preparation for lectures

E-learning

Not available

Other requirements

Active participation in seminars, including the preparation of control exams and written tests.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

The aim of the course is to gain an overview of basic physical laws and to master basic knowledge of physics needed in the study of technical university and their application in practice. 1. Introduction. Physical concepts, quantities, units. Matter, material, physical field. Mass point. Kinematics of mass point motion. Position of mass point, reference system, trajectory, path. Speed, acceleration, natural acceleration components. Classification of movements. 2. Dynamics of mass point motion. Inertial mass, momentum, force, impulse of force, laws of motion. Some types of forces. Newton's equation of motion. 3. Mechanics of motion of mass points and rigid body. Moment of inertia. Moment of force, moment of momentum, pair of forces. Mechanical stress of rigid bodies: mechanical stress, deformation, modulus of elasticity. 4. Mechanical vibration. Undampened, dampened and forced vibration. Pendulums. Graphical representation of oscillating motion. Mechanical waves. Huyghens principle. Sound. 5. Fluid mechanics. Ideal and real liquid. The laws of hydrostatics (Pascal law, Archimedes law) and hydrodynamics (continuity equation, Bernoulli equation) for ideal liquid. 6. Gravitational field. Newton's law of gravity, gravitational field characteristics, gravitational field forces. Gravitational and gravity field of the Earth, movements in the gravity field of the Earth. 7. Thermals. Temperature, temperature scale and heat. Basic concepts of kinetic theory of gases, internal energy of gas, work and heat, heat capacity, thermodynamics. Calorimetric equation. 8. Reversible state changes in ideal gas. Circular action with ideal gas. First, second and third thermodynamic law. State changes - phase diagram. 9. Electrostatic field. Electric charge and its properties, characteristics of electrostatic field. Capacity (capacitor). Stationary electric field. Electric current, conductivity, resistance, electromotive voltage, work and power of electric current. 10. Origin of magnetic field. Stationary magnetic field. Characteristics, forces acting on charge and electric current in magnetic field. 11. Non-stationary magnetic field. Electromagnetic induction, intrinsic and mutual induction. Origin and basic properties of alternating current, electromagnetic wave generation - RLC and LC circuit. 12. Optics. Light as a part of electromagnetic radiation. Spectrum of electromagnetic radiation. Dualism of electromagnetic radiation. Wave properties of light (interference, reflection, refraction, bending). 13. Electromagnetic radiation - quantum properties (photoelectric effect, Compton effect, formation of electron-positron pairs), origin of X-rays. 14. Basics of nuclear physics - nuclear transformations, mass loss, radiation attenuation in time and space (on an obstacle).

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2020/2021 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  18
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: 80% attendance at seminars, obtaining at least 5 points in the entrance exam 10-point test.

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Occurrence in special blocks

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