516-0070/03 – Vacuum and Cryogenic Technique (VKT)

Gurantor departmentInstitute of PhysicsCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. RNDr. Petr Hlubina, CSc.Subject version guarantordoc. RNDr. Petr Hlubina, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2013/2014Year of cancellation2015/2016
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
HLU03 doc. RNDr. Petr Hlubina, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 3+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Collect the basic principles and laws of the chosen parts of mathematics, physics, chemical physics and materials Describe, clarify and adopt the methods of vacuum generation and characterization, and fundamentals of construction of vacuum and cryogenic systems as well Illustrate obtained knowledge in solving the practice problems

Teaching methods



The subject is related to the student's knowledge of mathematics, physics, chemical physics and materials. Student will learn the methods of obtaining and evaluating vacuum, vacuum design basics and cryogenic systems, methods of maintenance and operation. The aim of the subject is to enrich the professional profile of a student who will be working as a technologist or engineer of technology in the field of nanotechnology.

Compulsory literature:

Groszkowski, J.: High Vacuum Technique (in Czech), SNTL, Prague 1980; Hrbek, J.: Vacuum and Ultravacuum Technique (in Czech), ČVUT, Prague 1984; Jelínek, J., Málek, Z.: Cryogenic technic (in Czech). Prague, 1982.

Recommended literature:

Pátý, L.: Vacuum Technique (in Czech), ČVUT, Prague 1990; Pátý, L.: Low-Pressure Physics (in Czech), Academia, Prague 1968; Weisend, J. G.: The Handbook of Cryogenic Engineering, Taylor and Francis, Philadephia 1998; Company literature: Balzers, Leybold-Heraeus, JEOL.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Two written exams.


Not available.

Other requirements

It is supposed a systematic work of a student of a Magister study.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction: Importance and use of vacuum and cryogenic technique. Vacuum ranges. 2. Free gases: In a static state. Ina dynamic state - gas diffusion and effusion, gas internal friction, energy transport. Gas flows - kinds and characteristic quantities, vacuum conductance, pumping speed. 3. Bound gases: On the surface - physical and chemical adsorption, characteristic quantities. Evaporation and condensation - steam tension. Gases in solids - gas solution and diffusion. 4. Vacuum acquisition: mechanical, steam and diffusion pumps - characteristics, construction. Connection of diffusion and rotary pump. Cryosorption, sorption and iont pumps, characteristics and construction. 5. Vacuum measurement: Absolute measurement methods. Indirect measurement methods - thermal and ionization gauges. Calibration of gauges. Measurement of partial pressures. Leaks in vacuum systems - search methods, leak detectors. 6. Vacuum systems: Basic principles of construction of vacuum systems. Elements of vacuum devices - removable and fixed links. Materials for vacuum technique. 7. Methods and materials of cryogenic technique: physical properties, refrigerants, gas liquefaction, storage. 8. Cryogenic systems: design and construction, low-temperatures measurements.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2013/2014 Winter semester, validity until: 2015/2016 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 40 (40) 20
                1. písemka Written test 20  10
                2. písemka Written test 20  10
        Examination Examination 60 (60) 11
                Písemná zkouška Written examination 20  5
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 40  6
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2015/2016 (N1701) Physics (1702T001) Applied physics P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N1701) Physics (1702T001) Applied physics P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N1701) Physics (1702T001) Applied physics P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner