516-0718/01 – Physics II (F II)

Gurantor departmentInstitute of PhysicsCredits8
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Irena Hlaváčová, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. RNDr. Karla Barčová, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2007/2008Year of cancellation2012/2013
Intended for the facultiesFBIIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BAR75 doc. RNDr. Karla Barčová, Ph.D.
HLA58 doc. Ing. Irena Hlaváčová, Ph.D.
HRA01 Mgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.
JAN81 Mgr. Petr Jandačka, Ph.D.
UHL72 Mgr. Radim Uhlář, Ph.D.
VAL30 doc. Ing. Jan Valíček, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 4+2
Combined Credit and Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Collect the basic principles and laws of the chosen part of the classical physics Describe, clarify and interpret the particular natural phenomena Apply the simple mathematical methods for describing of the physical phenomena Illustrate obtained knowledge in the frame of the easy applications

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

The subject provides an overview of basic physics facts about bodies, particles, fields and their mutual influence /or influence on one another/, with emphasis on correct understanding of the problem-solving key principals and methods. Bachelor’s physics comprises everything beginning with mechanics up to electromagnetic field theory and atomic and nuclear physics.

Compulsory literature:

1. HALLIDAY, D., RESNICK, R. WALKER, J.: Fundamentals of physics, 9th ed., extended. - Hoboken: Wiley 2011, ISBN 978-0-470-46908-8 (váz.)

Recommended literature:

2. Lesňák M.: Physics I, Ostrava 2005, Ostrava, VŠB – TU, 2005 3. Lesňák M.: Physics II, Ostrava 2005, Ostrava, VŠB – TU, 2005 4. Pekárek S., Murla M.: Physics I, Department of Physics, FEE, CTU, 1992

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

3 written credit tests during the semester and a separate solution of assigned tasks (with a point evaluation)

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

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Prerequisities

Subject codeAbbreviationTitleRequirement
516-0717 FYI Physics I Compulsory

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Content of lectures: Introduction: Subject and distribution of physics, laws of physics, quantities and units, vector algebra, physics and solving technical problems, physics on the FBI. Mechanics: Kinematics - the basic kinematic quantities and relations between them, linear motion, curvilinear motion, even and uneven motion. Dynamics - the force, the effects of forces, Newton's laws of motion, equation of motion, impulse of force, momentum, mechanical work and energy, law of conservation of mechanical energy. Mechanics of particles and rigid bodies - torque, torque sentence, fixed center, center of gravity, Steiner's theorem, the sliding motion, rotational motion. Oscillations and waves: Mechanical oscillations - Harmonic oscillations, equation of motion, displacement, amplitude, phase, phase shift, speed, power, acceleration, oscillations damped. Mechanical waves - the emergence of progressive waves, interference of waves, spreading waves in space, Huygens principle, wave energy, basics of acoustics. Hydromechanics: Hydrodynamics - the ideal fluid flow, continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation, application of the law of conservation of mass and energy. Thermodynamics: Heat, temperature, specific and molar heat capacity, calorimetric equations, linear and volume expansion agents, state variables, the equation of state, the status change of ideal gas, basic kinetic theory of heat, thermodynamics, work and internal energy of gas, reversible going round going efficiency of thermal machines, phase transitions, phase diagram. Gravitational field Field and its physical characteristics, Newton's law of gravity, intensity and potential of the gravitational field, the work forces of the gravitational field, the motion of bodies in uniform and radial gravitational field, Kepler's laws. Electrostatic field Coulomb's law, electric charge, intensity and potential electric field, voltage, capacitance, capacitors, sorting capacitors, the electric field in a fabric environment, the polarization of dielectrics, the electric field energy. ELECTRIC CURRENT Electric current, electric current density, and the terminal electromotive force, Ohm's law, electrical resistance, resistance gear, work and power of electric current Kirchhoff's laws, the solution of electrical circuits. MAGNETIC FIELDS Magnetic induction, Laplace law, magnetic flux, magnetic forces in the field and charge cable, charge movement in a magnetic field, the magnetic field in the fabric environment. ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS Electromagnetic induction, Faraday's law, Lenz's law, mutual and self induction, alternating current and its characteristics, AC circuits, phasor diagrams, electromagnetic oscillations and waves. OPTICS Basic concepts and laws of geometrical optics, optical zobrrazení, views, spherical and planar mirrors and thin lenses, interference of light, refraction of light, photometry, basic optical devices. QUANTUM PHYSICS Black body radiation, Planck's quantum hypothesis, photoelectric effect. ATOMIC PHYSICS The development of ideas about the construction of the atom, Bohr's postulates, Bohr model of hydrogen atom, the building of atomic nuclei, binding energy, nuclear reactions, nuclear energy. RADIOACTIVITY Natural and artificial radioactivity, types and properties of radiation dosimetric quantities and units, effects of ionizing radiation. EXERCISE SCHEDULE: 1st Week: Vector algebra. The calculation of kinematic parameters of linear motion. Uniform motion, uniformly accelerated, free fall. 2nd Week: uniform circular motion and uniformly accelerated. Momentum, power, pulse power equation. The movement of a particle on an inclined plane. 3rd Week: Sliding and rotating motion of rigid bodies. Moment of force. Moment of inertia. 4th Week: Mechanical work, power, energy, law of conservation of moss. energy. 5th Week: Harmonic oscillation. Pendulum. 6th Week: Equations of progressive waves. 7th week: continuity equation ideal fluid flow. Bernoulli's fluid flow horizontal tube. Outflow of liquid from the container. 8th Week: Thermal expansion of substances, calorimetric equation. Internal energy, heat, work, first law of thermodynamics. Equation of state of ideal gas. The effectiveness of circular processes. 9th Week: Electric field of point charge and point charge system, the movement of charged particles in an electric field. Capacitors. Ohm's and Kirchhoff's laws. 10th Week: magnetic induction, magnetic flux, magnetic field of conductors with current, charged particle motion in uniform magnetic field. 11th Week: Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, AC circuits, phasor diagrams. 12th Week: Reflection and refraction of light, imaging lenses and mirrors. 13th Week: Interference. Binding energy, nuclear reactions. 14th Week: radioactivity, dosimetry. Credit. Lectures - combined s study: 1st Kinematics: General concepts: movement, a tangible item, reference system, the relativity of movement and stillness, trajectory, distance, position vector, the instantaneous speed and instant acceleration. Classification of motion: rectilinear, curvilinear and circular motion of a particle. Graphical representation of movements. The movements of bodies in Earth's gravity field. 2nd DYNAMICS: Strength, static and dynamic effects of forces, composition of forces, momentum, impulse forces and change momentum. Newton's laws of motion, equation of motion and its applications. Forces in curvilinear motion. Inertial reference system. Work, power, mechanical energy conservation laws. 3rd MECHANICS rigid body: Rigid body, sliding and rotational motion, torque, torque theorem, composition of forces, gravity and physical center. Moment of inertia, Steiner's theorem, equation of motion, kinetic energy of a rotating body. The rolling movement of a body on an inclined plane. Friction. 4th Mechanical vibration: Linear oscillator damped and undamped. Equations of motion, energy, oscillatory motion. Physical and mathematical pendulum. 5th Mechanical waves: the origin and characteristics of mechanical waves, transverse and longitudinal waves, reflection waves, spreading waves in space, Huygens-Fresnel principle. Interference of waves and its conditions. Doppler effect. 6th Thermodynamics: Stocks, ideal gas equation, kinetic theory of gases, gas work, first law of thermodynamics. Circular happening and their effectiveness. 7th PHYSICAL FIELD: types of physical fields and their characteristics. Electrostatic fields: Coulomb's law, electric potential and intensity. field work force in an electrostatic field, voltage, capacity conductors, capacitors. Polarization of dielectrics. Substances in electrical current: Ohm's law, work and power, Kirchhoff's laws, Joulův - Lenz's Law. 8th MAGNETIC FIELD: magnetic force, magnetic induction, magnetic flux, the movement of charged particles in a magnetic field, Lorentz force. Proudovodič in a magnetic field, magnetic moment. Biot - Savart - Laplace law. 9th ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS: Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, mutual and self inductance. Origin and properties of alternating current, RLC - circuits, resonance. 10th OPTICS: Basic concepts and laws of geometrical optics, refraction and reflection of Young's experiment, interference and diffraction of light. Optical instruments. Topics for independent productions: Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids at rest and in motion. Ideal and real fluids. Hydrodynamics: continuity equation, Bernoulli equation, fluid discharge, a small hole. TEMPERATURE AND HEAT: Definition of heat and temperature, heat capacity, calorimetric equations, linear and volumetric thermal expansion materials. Internal energy. Gravitational field: Newton's law of gravity, intensity and potential of the gravitational field, the work force in a gravitational field. The movements of bodies in a gravitational field. QUANTUM, ATOMIC AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS: Planck's hypothesis, the photon, photoelectric effect, Compton effect. X-rays, lasers. Elementary particles. The development of ideas about the construction of the atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom, the building víceelektronových atoms. Binding energy, radioactivity, nuclear reactions.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2013/2014 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 17
                Written exam Written test 24  10
                Other task type Other task type 9  5
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 25
                Written examination Written examination 57  25
                Oral Oral examination 10  5
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history
Combined form (validity from: 2013/2014 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 17
                Písemka Written test 24  10
                Project Project 9  5
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 25
                Written examination Written examination 57  25
                Oral Oral examination 10  5
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2012/2013 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Lázně Bohdaneč 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Příbram 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Příbram 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Příbram 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Příbram 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R999) Společné studium FBI P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R999) Společné studium FBI K Czech Praha 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R999) Společné studium FBI K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety (3908R999) Společné studium FBI K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Praha 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B3908) Fire Protection and Industrial Safety K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner