516-0879/01 – Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics (TDSF)

Gurantor departmentInstitute of PhysicsCredits4
Subject guarantorRNDr. Jaroslav Foukal, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorRNDr. Jaroslav Foukal, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2004/2005Year of cancellation2012/2013
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Combined Credit and Examination 12+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Assess the basic principles of thermodynamics and statistical physics Analyse the physical quantities for describing statistical ensembles with great numer of particles Modify the simple mathematical methods for describing of the thermodynamic phenomene Interpret the knowlidges from the mathematical statistics for solving of statistical physical problems

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

The subject contains the knowledges of phenomenological and statistical thermodynamics and their detailed mathematical description. In the part of phenomenological thermodynamics are discused the basic lows of thermodynamics, description of thermodynamic state of system, properties of thermodynamics proceses and system of several components. In the part of statistical thermodynamics are discused the properties of statistical ensembles and clasical and quantum distributions.

Compulsory literature:

1. KVASNICA, J.: Termodynamika. SNTL, Praha 1965; 2. KVASNICA, J.: Statistická fyzika. Academia, Praha 1998; 3. MARŠÍK, F.: Termodynamika kontitua. Academia, Praha 1999; 4. BEISER, A.: Úvod do moderní fyziky. Academia, Praha 1975; 5. SONNTAG, R. E., BORGNAKKE, C., VAN WYLEN, G. J. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics. John Wiley&Sons, USA, 2003. ISBN 0-471-15232-3.

Recommended literature:

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

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Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Basic concepts of thermodynamics, the state of thermodynamic equilibrium, the first and second postulate of thermodynamics. Reversible and irreversible processes, the criterion of reversibility of the process. 2. The first law of thermodynamics, heat capacity. The second law of thermodynamics. Entropy, entropy associated with the heat capacities of the system. 3. Thermodynamic potentials: internal energy, free energy, enthalpy, Gibbs potential. Gibbs - Helmholtz equation. Dependence of thermodynamic potentials of the number of particles in the system. Grandkanonical potential. The second law of thermodynamics for irreversible processes. Conditions of equilibrium thermodynamic system expressed by potentials. 4. Concepts of probability theory and mathematical statistics in statistical physics. Basic concepts and ideas of statistical physics. Microstates, macrostates, ensemble of systems. Ergodic hypothesis. Time evolution of probability density. 5. The mikrocanonical ensemble. Entropy and thermodynamic probability. 6. The canonical (Gibbs) ensemble. The partition function, partition sum (integral). Relationships between partition functions and thermodynamic quantities. Maxwell – Boltzmann´s distribution of velocities of gas molecules. Classical and quantum harmonic oscillator. 7. Large canonical (grandcanonical) ensemble. Grandcanonical partition function. The transition to quantum statistics. Fermi – Dirac´s distribution. Bose - Einsteinś distribution. Thermodynamic properties of photons file. Thermodynamic properties of a file of free electrons in the metal.

Conditions for subject completion

Conditions for completion are defined only for particular subject version and form of study

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2012/2013 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3911T001) Applied Physics of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3911T001) Applied Physics of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3911T001) Applied Physics of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3911T001) Applied Physics of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3911T001) Applied Physics of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3911T001) Applied Physics of Materials P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner