541-0002/02 – Hydrogeochemistry (HGCH)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2006/2007Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
SCH245 Ing. Jarmila Drozdová, Ph.D.
RAC20 prof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Combined Credit and Examination 12+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Gain of knowledges on behaviour of main anionts and cations in waters, trace elements and organic micropollutants. Understanding of basic hydrogeochemical principles. The evaluation of water quality (surface and underground) on the basis of knowledge of geological environment.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The course provides information on basic properties of aqueous systems, chemical composition of waters in respect to the form of occurence and properties of individual components. Chemical reactions and equilibria in waters, inorganic compounds in waters (main cations and anions, toxic metals, compounds of nitrogen and phosphorus), carbonate chemistry of aqueous systems. The problems of influences of rock environment on hydrochemical composition of natural waters are solved (major and minor components). Composition, properties and classification of natural waters. Differences in chemical composition of the „clean" surface and ground waters. Organic compounds in waters (humic compounds, pesticides, hydrocarbons, halogenderivates, tensides). Composition, properties and classification of waste waters.

Compulsory literature:

Appelo C.A.J., Postma D. (2005): Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution. A.A.Balkema, 2Rev Ed edition, ISBN-10: 0415364280 (649 p.) Nollet L.M.L. (2000): Handbook of water analysis. Marcell Dekker, Inc. New York, ISBN 0-8247-8433-2 (921 p.) Reemtsma T., Jekel M. (2006): Organic pollutants in the water cycle. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, ISBN 3-527-31297-8, (347 p.)

Recommended literature:

Benjamin M. M. (2010): Water chemistry. Waveland Pr Inc. UK; 1 edition, 1-688. ISBN-10:1577666674,

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

The basic knowledge of software Excell for statistic evaluation hydrogeocgemical results.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Physico-chemical properties of waters: conductivity, Eh, pH, activity of ions. Physico-chemical process in waters: dissolution, hydratation, hydrolysis, oxidation, reduction. Transport of particles in surface waters. The methods for water sampling, processing of samples before analysis, the sampling equipment. The mobile analytical methods, continual measurements for waste water treatment plants and for surface water monitoring. Metals and semimetals in waters (Li, Na, K, Ca, Mg, Sr, Ba, Al, Fe, Mn, Si, B). Heavy metals in waters (Ag, Cd, Hg, Pb, Se, Cr, Ni, Co, Mo, W, V, Be, Sn, Sb, Tl,). Occurrence, properties, importance and method for determination. Anions in waters – halogenides in waters, the sulphur compounds, nitrogen compounds and phosphates. The CO2 and their aionic forms. Calcium- carbonate equilibrium. Occurrence of dissolved gasses in surface waters (NH3, CO2, O2). Evaluation of environmental factors in waters Organic matter in water – natural organic matter (NOM). The methods for determination of organic matter in waters – direct and indirect methods (BOD, COD and TOC/DOC). Organic micropollutants – classification, integrated registr of pollution (IRZ). POPs in water environment. Instekticides, PCBs., PCDD/Fs. The eutrophisation in surface waters. The main indicators of evaluation of water quality (Decree No. 2000/60 ES). The methods for continual chlorophyll determination. The sludges from municipal waste water treatment plants. Composition, the main components. The bulk and wet deposition, soil water – chemical composition, the main and minoric elements. Ecotoxicity.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2011/2012 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 0
                Other task type Other task type 33  0
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 0
                Oral Oral examination 67  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner