541-0010/02 – Microscopical Practicum (MP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Vladimír Slivka, CSc., dr.h.c.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Vladimír Slivka, CSc., dr.h.c.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2005/2006Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
MAL70 Ing. Jiří Mališ, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit 0+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Knowledge of minerals basic optical characteristics. Comprehension of microscopic observation principles. Application knowledges in practical identification of rocks and minerals with microscope.

Teaching methods

Tutorials

Summary

To acquaint students with basic microscopic techniques in determining minerals and rocks passing through and reflected light and the basic optical characteristics of selected rock-forming and ore minerals. Practice: The course is divided into two parts (after about five weeks): microscopy reflected and transmitted light. Reflected light: the construction of the microscope, the types of specimens for microscopy, determination optical properties of ore minerals (color, internal reflections, reflectance, polarization phenomena). Transmitted light: The character of light - theoretical introduction. Refraction and reflection of light. Polarization of light. The distribution of substances by optical properties. Polarizing microscope. Preparation of microscopic slides. Determination of grain size. Properties of minerals during observation nezkřížených not. Properties of minerals when viewed in crossed not. Quenching. Interference colors. Compensators. Adhesions and přeměny.Charakter zone (character length). Optical character mineral. Working with compensators. Systematic Mineralogy - an overview of the optical properties of selected rock-forming minerals. Systematic Mineralogy - an overview of the structures of igneous rocks. Digital image analysis and its possibilities in mineralogy.

Compulsory literature:

Picot, P., Johan, Z.: Atlas of ore Minerals. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1982, 458 s. Winchell, A. N.: Elements of Optical Mineralogy. – Vydav. John Wiley and Sons New York, 1976.

Recommended literature:

MacKenzie, W., S.; Adams, A., E. A Colour Atlas of Rocks and Minerals in Thin Section. Manson Publishing, 1994.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

The study of recommended literature.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

It is devoted to basic methods of optical identification of minerals in transmitted and reflected light in relation to the use of computers equipped with image analysis. The basic range of rock-forming and ore minerals is enhanced with an overview of the structures of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Schedule exercise of microscopy in transmitted light is as follows: 1st exercise The character of light - theoretical introduction. Refraction and reflection of light. Polarization of light. The distribution of substances by optical properties. Polarizing microscope. Preparation of microscopic slides. Determination of grain size. Properties of minerals during observation nezkřížených not. 2nd exercise Properties of minerals when viewed in crossed not. Quenching. Interference colors. Compensators. Adhesions, and transformation. Character Zones (character length). Optical character mineral. Working with compensators. 3rd exercise Systematic Mineralogy - an overview of the optical properties of selected rock-forming minerals. 4th exercise Overview of the structures of igneous rocks. 5th exercise Digital image analysis and its possibilities in mineralogy. Submission and checking of entered programs. Schedule exercise of microscopy in reflected light is as follows: Reflected light: 1st Exercise: The construction of the microscope, the types of curtains, eyepieces and objectives, vertical illuminator (indoor vertical, internal oblique lighting, external oblique lighting). 2nd Exercise: Types of drugs used in reflected light microscopy (theory and demonstration of making polished sections in the laboratory). Centering microscopes, centering the lamp. 3rd Exercise: The color of minerals, the difference between colored and colorless minerals. Errors in determining the color of minerals. The reflectivity of ore minerals and coal. 4th Exercise: Observations of the external oblique lighting - interior reflections of ore minerals. Properties of minerals in polarized light, sources of errors in observation in polarized light. 5th Exercise: Evaluation of sets of unknown ore minerals in reflected light in terms of their optical properties. Passing the final test of the reflected light.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2012/2013 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation Credit 85  85
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
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2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan

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