541-0010/04 – Microscopical Practicum (MP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantorIng. Jiří Mališ, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Vladimír Slivka, CSc., dr. h. c.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year3Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2015/2016Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BER32 RNDr. Jiří Beránek
CHL0091 Mgr. Štěpán Chládek, Ph.D.
MAL70 Ing. Jiří Mališ, Ph.D.
SLI60 prof. Ing. Vladimír Slivka, CSc., dr. h. c.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit 0+4
Part-time Credit 0+12

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The student knows and can use microscopic techniques to identify rocks and minerals. It can explain the basic principles of the microscopy of minerals and rocks in passing and reflected light. Next, it can prepare a rock sample into a microscopic thin section. He can apply his knowledge to microscopic observations of basic minerals and rocks.

Teaching methods

Tutorials

Summary

In the subject, the student learns basic microscopic techniques in determining minerals and rocks by passing and reflected light, and the basic optical characteristics of selected rock-forming and ore minerals, expanded by an overview of the structures of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphosed rocks. The subject is divided into two parts: microscopy in reflected and passing light. They will present the building of a microscope, species of slides for microscopy, various microscopic techniques and digital image analysis tools, determination of the optical properties of rock-forming and ore minerals, etc. In the practical part of the subject, the tudent will prepare microscopic slides itself in the form of a cross section and polished coating.

Compulsory literature:

MACKENZIE, W. S. a A. E. ADAMS. A colour atlas of rocks and minerals in thin section. London: Manson, c1994. ISBN 1-874545-17-0. DEER, William Alexander, R. A. HOWIE a Jack ZUSSMAN. An introduction to the rock-forming minerals. 2nd ed. Harlow: Pearson Prentice Hall, 1992. ISBN 0-582-30094-0. PICOT, P., JOHAN, Z.: Atlas of ore Minerals. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1982, 458 s. WINCHELL, A. N.: Elements of Optical Mineralogy. – Vydav. John Wiley and Sons New York, 1976.

Recommended literature:

KLEIN, Cornelis, Barbara DUTROW, James Dwight DANA a Cornelius Searle HURLBUT. The 23rd edition of the manual of mineral science: (after James D. Dana). 23rd ed. Hoboken: Wiley, c2008. ISBN 978-0-471-72157-4. MACKENZIE, W., S.; ADAMS, A., E. A Colour Atlas of Rocks and Minerals in Thin Section. Manson Publishing, 1994.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Other requirements

The study of recommended literature.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

It is devoted to basic methods of optical identification of minerals in transmitted and reflected light in relation to the use of computers equipped with image analysis. The basic range of rock-forming and ore minerals is enhanced with an overview of the structures of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Schedule exercise of microscopy in transmitted light is as follows: 1st exercise The character of light - theoretical introduction. Refraction and reflection of light. Polarization of light. The distribution of substances by optical properties. Polarizing microscope. Preparation of microscopic slides. Determination of grain size. Properties of minerals during observation nezkřížených not. 2nd exercise Properties of minerals when viewed in crossed not. Quenching. Interference colors. Compensators. Adhesions, and transformation. Character Zones (character length). Optical character mineral. Working with compensators. 3rd exercise Systematic Mineralogy - an overview of the optical properties of selected rock-forming minerals. 4th exercise Overview of the structures of igneous rocks. 5th exercise Digital image analysis and its possibilities in mineralogy. Submission and checking of entered programs. Schedule exercise of microscopy in reflected light is as follows: Reflected light: 1st Exercise: The construction of the microscope, the types of curtains, eyepieces and objectives, vertical illuminator (indoor vertical, internal oblique lighting, external oblique lighting). 2nd Exercise: Types of drugs used in reflected light microscopy (theory and demonstration of making polished sections in the laboratory). Centering microscopes, centering the lamp. 3rd Exercise: The color of minerals, the difference between colored and colorless minerals. Errors in determining the color of minerals. The reflectivity of ore minerals and coal. 4th Exercise: Observations of the external oblique lighting - interior reflections of ore minerals. Properties of minerals in polarized light, sources of errors in observation in polarized light. 5th Exercise: Evaluation of sets of unknown ore minerals in reflected light in terms of their optical properties. Passing the final test of the reflected light.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2015/2016 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit Credit 85  85
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
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2020/2021 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 3 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 3 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner