541-0010/08 – Microscopical Practicum (MP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits2
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Jiří Mališ, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Jiří Mališ, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2020/2021Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
MAL70 doc. Ing. Jiří Mališ, Ph.D.
SLI60 prof. Ing. Vladimír Slivka, CSc., dr. h. c.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit 0+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The student knows and can use microscopic techniques to identify rocks and minerals. It can explain the basic principles of the microscopy of minerals and rocks in passing and reflected light. Next, it can prepare a rock sample into a microscopic thin section. He can apply his knowledge to microscopic observations of basic minerals and rocks.

Teaching methods



In the subject, the student learns basic microscopic techniques in determining minerals and rocks by passing and reflected light, and the basic optical characteristics of selected rock-forming and ore minerals, expanded by an overview of the structures of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphosed rocks. The subject is divided into two parts: microscopy in reflected and passing light. They will present the building of a microscope, species of slides for microscopy, various microscopic techniques and digital image analysis tools, determination of the optical properties of rock-forming and ore minerals, etc. In the practical part of the subject, the tudent will prepare microscopic slides itself in the form of a cross section and polished coating.

Compulsory literature:

MACKENZIE, W. S. a A. E. ADAMS. A colour atlas of rocks and minerals in thin section. London: Manson, c1994. ISBN 1-874545-17-0. DEER, William Alexander, R. A. HOWIE a Jack ZUSSMAN. An introduction to the rock-forming minerals. 2nd ed. Harlow: Pearson Prentice Hall, 1992. ISBN 0-582-30094-0. PICOT, P., JOHAN, Z.: Atlas of ore Minerals. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1982, 458 s. WINCHELL, A. N.: Elements of Optical Mineralogy. – Vydav. John Wiley and Sons New York, 1976.

Recommended literature:

KLEIN, Cornelis, Barbara DUTROW, James Dwight DANA a Cornelius Searle HURLBUT. The 23rd edition of the manual of mineral science: (after James D. Dana). 23rd ed. Hoboken: Wiley, c2008. ISBN 978-0-471-72157-4. MACKENZIE, W., S.; ADAMS, A., E. A Colour Atlas of Rocks and Minerals in Thin Section. Manson Publishing, 1994.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester



Other requirements

The study of recommended literature.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Character of light - theoretical introduction. A quarry and a reflection of light. Polarization of light. The breakdown of substances according to optical properties. Polarization microscope. 2. Determination of grain size. Properties of minerals observed in uncut nickels. Preparing microscopic slides - selecting rock and cutting it. 3. Characteristics of minerals when observed in cross-linked nickels. Discarding. Interference colors. Lapping and grinding the slide. 4. Compensators. Clots and transformations. Character of the zone (stroke of length). The optical nature of the mineral. Working with compensators. Sticking the slide. 5. Systematic mineralogy – an overview of the optical properties of selected rock-forming minerals. Polishing the process and finalising it. 6. An overview of magma rock structures. 7. Overview of sedimentary rock structures. 8. Digital image analysis and its possibilities in mineralogy and petrography. Special microscopic techniques, dark fields, fluorescence. 9. Reflected light, inverse ore microscope design, types of screens, eyepieces and lenses. 10. The types of microscopic preparations used in reflected light, the preparation of the coatings. 11. The color of minerals, the difference between minerals colored and colorless. Errors in determining mineral color. 12. The luminosity of ore minerals and coal mass. Observations in exterior slanting light - the internal reflexes of ore minerals. 13. Characteristics of minerals in polarized light, sources of error in observations in polarized light. Evaluation of a set of unknown ore minerals in reflected light in terms of their optical properties.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2020/2021 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit Credit 85  85 3
Mandatory attendence participation: The student completes the exercises in the prescribed scope. He prepares assigned tasks and microscopic measurements and submits them to the teacher in the form of a protocol. The student makes a microscopic thin section in the form of a rock cut. At the end of the semester, he takes a control test.

Show history

Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: The student completes a microscopic practicum during individual consultations. He prepares assigned tasks and submits them to the teacher in the form of a protocol. The student makes a microscopic thin section in the form of a rock cut. At the end of the semester, he takes a control test.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2024/2025 (B0712A290002) Waste Management and Mineral Processing P English Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2024/2025 (B0532A330041) Applied Geology P English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (B0532A330041) Applied Geology P English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (B0532A330041) Applied Geology P English Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

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