541-0028/02 – Mineralogy and Petrography (M)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Vladimír Slivka, CSc., dr.h.c.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Vladimír Slivka, CSc., dr.h.c.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction1999/2000Year of cancellation2016/2017
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesMaster, Bachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DAN75 Ing. Tomáš Daněk, Ph.D.
MAL70 Ing. Jiří Mališ, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The objective is comprehension of minerals and rocks characteristics, clasification systems, genesis and its research methods. Students should learn: Collect basic principles of minerals and rocks characteristics and classifications. Describe, clarify and interpret natural processes of rocks and minerals cycle. Theoretically know basic analytical methods for minerals and rocks research. Ilustrate knowledge in examples of describing and utilization of minerals and rocks.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

Morphology of crystalline substances, crystal symmetry, internal structures of crystalline substances and interrelations. Chemical crystallography, geometrical and chemical factors of the origin of structures, isomorphism and polymorphism. Basic macrodiagnostic physical properties of minerals, optical properties and their identification by using microscopy. Systematic mineralogy, classification principles, systematic overview of basic representatives of elements, sulphides, halides, oxides and hydroxides, nitrates, carbonates, sulphates, phosphates and silicates. Main processes leading to the origin of minerals and rocks under various genetic conditions, genetic classification of rocks (magmatic, sedimentary, metamorphic). Magmatic rocks, principles of classification based on mineralogical and chemical composition. Sedimentary rocks, their origin (weathering, transport, sedimentation, diagenesis), classification of clastic and cementing sediments. Genesis of metamorphic rocks, physical and chemical factors of metamorphosis, overview of the main types of metamorphic rocks.

Compulsory literature:

HALDAR, S. K. a Josip TIŠLJAR. Introduction to mineralogy and petrology. Amsterdam: Elsevier, [2014]. ISBN 978-0-12-408133-8. RAYMOND, Loren A. Petrology: the study of igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic rocks. Boston: WCB/McGraw-Hill, c1995. ISBN 0-697-00190-3. KLEIN, Cornelis, Barbara DUTROW, James Dwight DANA a Cornelius Searle HURLBUT. The 23rd edition of the manual of mineral science: (after James D. Dana). 23rd ed. Hoboken: Wiley, c2008. ISBN 978-0-471-72157-4. SEN, Gautam. Petrology: principles and practice. Berlin: Springer, [2014]. ISBN 978-3-642-38799-9.

Recommended literature:

BERNARD, Jan Hus a Jaroslav HYRŠL, KING, Vandall T., ed. Minerals and their localities. 2nd updated ed. Praha: Granit, 2006. ISBN 80-7296-054-7. MUKHERJEE, Swapna. Applied mineralogy: applications in industry and environment. Dordrecht: Springer, [2011]. ISBN 978-94007-1161-7. DEER, William Alexander, Robert Andrew HOWIE a Jack ZUSSMAN. An introduction to the rock-forming minerals. 2nd ed. Harlow: Pearson Prentice Hall, 1992. ISBN 0-582-30094-0. FROST, Bryce Ronald a Carol Denison FROST. Essentials of igneous and metamorphic petrology. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014. ISBN 978-1-107-02754-1.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

The study of recommended literature.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

· Introduction to mineralogy, its distribution and significance. Basic concepts in mineralogy and crystallography. Basic characteristics crystalline substances. Morphological crystallography - the main crystallographic laws, crystal symmetry, symmetry operations and elements, crystal structures osní and their crosses, simple crystal shapes, Weiss and Miller symbols stereographic projection. Overview of selected crystal separation systems (2 lectures). · Real crystals - a natural development of crystal shape (habit of minerals, inevitable and random crystal adhesions). Basics of structural crystallography. Bravaisovy translational lattice. X-ray methods of research crystalline substances. · Basic chemical and physical crystallography. Geometric and chemical factor in the development of structures. Chemical bonds. The coordination numbers and polyhedra. Izomorfie, polymorphism and polytypie. The most important physical makrodiagnostické properties of minerals. Crystallography's Fiber - the most important optical properties of minerals and methods for their determination in transmitted light. Polarizing microscope. · Systematic Mineralogy - the principle of mineralogical system. A systematic overview of the most important minerals of the groups of elements, sulfides, halides, oxides and hydroxides, nitrates, carbonates, sulfates, phosphates. Summary technical use of selected minerals and their occurrence (2 lectures). · Systematic mineralogy. The principle of classification based on silicates structure. A systematic overview of the most important group of silicate minerals - their characteristics, technical merit and appearance. Rock-meaning groups silicates (2 lectures). · Genetic Mineralogy - basic methods of mineral processes magmatogenními, and sedimentogeními metamorfogenními. · Introduction to petrography and basic concepts in petrography. The basic division rocks according to their origin. Igneous rocks - igneous rock formation and their division, differentiation of magma, minerals of magmatic rocks, characteristic structures and textures of igneous rocks. · Igneous rocks - fundamentals of chemical and mineralogical classification igneous rocks, characteristic of basic types of igneous rocks, their appearance and practical use. · Sedimentary rocks - the basic processes of sedimentary rocks (Weathering, transport, sedimentation, diagenesis), structure and texture of sediments, rock-forming components of sediments. · Sedimentary rocks - principles of classification and cementation of clastic sediments, sediment system, characteristics of basic types of clastic and cementation of sedimentary rocks, their occurrence and practical use. · Metamorphic rocks - formation of metamorphic rocks, physical and chemical factors of metamorphism, types of metamorphosis. The basic structure and texture metamorphics. Rock-forming minerals metamofitů. The most important regional and contact metamorphic rocks, their occurrence and practical use. Migmatites - creation and distribution base.

Conditions for subject completion

Conditions for completion are defined only for particular subject version and form of study

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2005/2006 (M2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3902T006) Automation and Computers in Raw Materials Treatment Industry P Czech Ostrava 3 Optional study plan
2004/2005 (M2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3902T006) Automation and Computers in Raw Materials Treatment Industry P Czech Ostrava 3 Optional study plan
2003/2004 (M2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3902T006) Automation and Computers in Raw Materials Treatment Industry P Czech Ostrava 3 Optional study plan
2003/2004 (M3646) Geodézie a kartografie (3602T002) Geoinformatics P Czech Ostrava 4 Choice-compulsory study plan
2003/2004 (M3646) Geodézie a kartografie (3602T002) Geoinformatics P Czech Ostrava 5 Choice-compulsory study plan
2003/2004 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3602T002) Geoinformatics (10) P Czech Ostrava 1 Choice-compulsory study plan
2003/2004 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3602T002) Geoinformatics (10) P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2002/2003 (M2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3902T006) Automation and Computers in Raw Materials Treatment Industry P Czech Ostrava 3 Optional study plan
2002/2003 (M3646) Geodézie a kartografie (3602T002) Geoinformatics P Czech Ostrava 4 Choice-compulsory study plan
2001/2002 (M2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3902T006) Automation and Computers in Raw Materials Treatment Industry P Czech Ostrava 3 Optional study plan
2001/2002 (M3646) Geodézie a kartografie (3602T002) Geoinformatics P Czech Ostrava 4 Choice-compulsory study plan
2000/2001 (M2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3902T006) Automation and Computers in Raw Materials Treatment Industry P Czech Ostrava 3 Optional study plan
2000/2001 (M3646) Geodézie a kartografie (3602T002) Geoinformatics P Czech Ostrava 4 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
O - ECTS FMG 2015/2016 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2014/2015 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2013/2014 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2012/2013 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block