541-0078/06 – Geochemistry of Environment (GŽP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2006/2007Year of cancellation2014/2015
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
SCH245 Ing. Jarmila Drozdová, Ph.D.
RAC20 prof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit 2+1

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The utilization of knowledge and application of natural relations from geochemical behaviour of elements in Earth crust in to the areas influenced by antropgenic activity. Understanding of the principles of risk elements during thermic processes by the waste processing. Identification areas of contamination in surroundings of landfills and old ecological loads with utilization of geochemical models (SURFER).

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Terrain work

Summary

The course „Geochemistry of Environment“ is focused on geochemical processes and principles of migration of both chemical elements and organic pollutants in individual components of environment (water, soil, atmosphere) including anthropogennous processes – waste production.

Compulsory literature:

Alloway B.J. (2012): Heavy Metals in Soils: Trace Metals and Metalloids in Soils and their Bioavailability (Environmental Pollution). Springer Verlag. ISBN 9400744692. Baskaran M (2012): Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry. Springer. 1-951. Gill R. (2015): Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience. Wiley Blackwell. Hoboken,USA. 1-297. ISBN: 9780470656655 Killops S., Killops V. (2004): An Introduction to Organic Geochemistry. Blackwell Science Ltd., 1-408. 2. edition, ISBN-10: 0632065044 Marshall P., Fairbridge R.W: (1999): Encyclopedia of Geochemistry. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1-798. ISBN: 0-412-75500-9 Nelson E. (2003): Principles of Environmental Geochemistry. Brooks Cole, ISBN-10: 01222290615 (528 p.) Reemtsma T, Jekel M. (2006): Organic Pollutants in the Water Cycle. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, ISBN 3-527-31297-8, (347 p.) White V.M. (2013): Geochemistry. WIley-Blackwell. Chichester, USA.1-660. ISBN: 9780470656686

Recommended literature:

Sarkar D., Datta R., Hannigan R. (2007): Concepts and applications in environmental geochemistry. Elsevier, ISBN-13: 978-0-08-046522-7 Siegel F.R. (2002): Environmental geochemistry of potentially toxic metals. Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH, ISBN-10: 3540420304 (200 p.)

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

The basic knowledge of software excel and from statistic evaluation of geochemical results, which are necessary for preparation of programme.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Introduction into environmental geochemistry. The main principles of migration of elements in environment – internal and external factors. The geochemical background and its importace for determination contamination levels. The occurence of natural anomalies in environment. Clarks. Map of geochemical reactivity of rocks. Biogeochemical cycles. Heavy metals in environment. Organic pollutants – behaviour, main properties, diffrenece between migration ability Geochemistry of soils (physico-chemical properties, the principles of binding metals in soils. Sequential extraction methods. Occurence of organic pollutants in soils their biodegradability and index accumulation. The migration in system: underground water – soils – surface water. Geochemistry of sludge (heavy metals and occurence of organic pollutants). Particulate matter in surface and waste waters. The form of occurence of risk elements. Geochemistry and mineral phase composition of sediments in water streams, rivers and lakes. The determination of geochemical backgrounds. The contamination of environment in areas influenced by mining activity (Acid mine drainage, behaviour of heavy metals). Geochemistry of wastes produced during energetic activity. Geochemistry of fly ash – PM10.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2011/2012 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation Credit 85 (85) 0
        Other task type Other task type 85  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner