541-0078/07 – Geochemistry of Environment (GŽP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2015/2016Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
SCH245 Ing. Jarmila Drozdová, Ph.D.
RAC20 prof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Graded credit 2+1
Combined Graded credit 6+3

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The utilization of knowledge and application of natural relations from geochemical behaviour of elements in Earth crust in to the areas influenced by antropgenic activity. Understanding of the principles of risk elements during thermic processes by the waste processing. Identification areas of contamination in surroundings of landfills and old ecological loads with utilization of geochemical models (SURFER).

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Terrain work

Summary

The course „Geochemistry of Environment“ is focused on geochemical processes and principles of migration of both chemical elements and organic pollutants in individual components of environment (water, soil, atmosphere) including anthropogennous processes – waste production.

Compulsory literature:

Alloway B.J. (2012): Heavy Metals in Soils: Trace Metals and Metalloids in Soils and their Bioavailability (Environmental Pollution). Springer Verlag. ISBN 9400744692. Baskaran M (2012): Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry. Springer. 1-951. Gill R. (2015): Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience. Wiley Blackwell. Hoboken,USA. 1-297. ISBN: 9780470656655 Killops S., Killops V. (2004): An Introduction to Organic Geochemistry. Blackwell Science Ltd., 1-408. 2. edition, ISBN-10: 0632065044 Marshall P., Fairbridge R.W: (1999): Encyclopedia of Geochemistry. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1-798. ISBN: 0-412-75500-9 Nelson E. (2003): Principles of Environmental Geochemistry. Brooks Cole, ISBN-10: 01222290615 (528 p.) Reemtsma T, Jekel M. (2006): Organic Pollutants in the Water Cycle. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, ISBN 3-527-31297-8, (347 p.) White V.M. (2013): Geochemistry. WIley-Blackwell. Chichester, USA.1-660. ISBN: 9780470656686

Recommended literature:

Sarkar D., Datta R., Hannigan R. (2007): Concepts and applications in environmental geochemistry. Elsevier, ISBN-13: 978-0-08-046522-7 Siegel F.R. (2002): Environmental geochemistry of potentially toxic metals. Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH, ISBN-10: 3540420304 (200 p.)

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

The basic knowledge of software excel and from statistic evaluation of geochemical results, which are necessary for preparation of programme.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1.The occurence of natural anomalies in environment. Clarks. Map of geochemical reactivity of rocks. Endogennous and exogennous factors. Geochemical background and its relevance for contamination evaluation. 2.Occurence on natural anomalies, geochemical barriers. Clark. Maps of geochemical reactivity of rocks. 3.Heavy metals in environment. 4.Organic pollutants – behaviour, main properties, difference between migration ability 5.Geochemistry of soils (physico-chemical properties, sorption parameters, the content of inorganic and organic compounds in soils. 6.The principles of binding metals in soils. Sequential extraction methods. 7.The principles of bonding of organic pollutants. Evaluation of migration ability and decomposition (biodegradation). Partitioning coefficients. Migration in the system soil – soil water – underground water. 8.Occurence of organic pollutants in soils their biodegradability and index accumulation. The migration in system: underground water – soils – surface water. 9.Geochemistry of sludge (heavy metals and organic pollutants). 10.Particulate matter in surface and waste waters. The form of occurence of risk elements and organic micropollutants. 11.Geochemistry and mineral phase composition of sediments in water streams, rivers and lakes. The determination of geochemical backgrounds. 12.The contamination of environment in areas influenced by mining activity (Acid mine drainage, behaviour of heavy metals). 13.Geochemistry of wastes produced during energetic activity. 14.Geochemistry and mineralogy of fly ash – PM10 and total solid particles (TSP).

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2018/2019 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Graded credit Graded credit 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: doplnit, doplnit, doplnit, doplnit, doplnit.

Show history
Full-time form (validity from: 2015/2016 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Graded credit Graded credit 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner