541-0117/01 – Meteorology and Climatology (MK)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. RNDr. Jan Unucka, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. RNDr. Jan Unucka, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2010/2011Year of cancellation2016/2017
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KOS0195 Mgr. Ondřej Kosík
UNU01 doc. RNDr. Jan Unucka, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Curriculum is structured into thematic areas in order to familiarize students the basics of meteorology and climatology and atmospheric physics. The subject is given basic information on the atmosphere in Earth's geological history, basic characteristics and dynamics of Earth's atmosphere. Another important aspect is the application of meteorological and climatological knowledge in disciplines such as hydrology, water management, forestry and agriculture. Output knowledge, skills and competence: After completing the course the student should demonstrate knowledge of basic concepts, understanding of basic processes and phenomena in the atmosphere, being able to explain the meteorological and climatological phenomena and events that are taking place in it. The course also enables the understanding of weather and climate forecasts and adopt ways of obtaining meteorological data and information.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

Základní pojmy v meteorologii. Meteorologické jevy, prvky. Základní fyzikální a chemické vlastnosti zemské atmosféry. Atmosférický tlak, základní pohybové vztahy a rovnice v atmosféře. Teplota a vlhkost vzduchu. Stabilita v atmosféře, adiabatický děj. Základní tlakové útvary, proudění v tlakových útvarech. Vzduchové hmoty a atmosférické fronty. Místní cirkulační systémy. Základy fyziky oblaků a srážek. Radiační a tepelná bilance systému atmosféra-zemský povrch. Znečistění atmosféry, kyselá atmosférická depozice a její vliv na další složky krajinné sféry. Klima a klimatické klasifikace, klimatogenní faktory. Vývoj atmosféry a klimatu v geologické historii Země, kvartérní klimatické oscilace. Globální změna klimatu, dopady klimatických změn na další složky a systémy fyzickogeografické sféry. Aplikace meteorologie a klimatologie, předpověď počasí a predikce scénářů vývoje klimatu. Numerická předpověď počasí, NWFS a GCM/ESM modely.

Compulsory literature:

BARRY, R.G., CHORLEY, R.J. (2003): Atmosphere, Weather and Climate. 9th ed. Routledge, London. 462 s. ISBN 0-203-42823-4 WALLACE, J.M., HOBBS, P.V. (2006): Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey (International Geophysics). 2nd ed. Elsevier / Academic Press, Burlington, 483 p

Recommended literature:

BATTARBEE, R.W., BINNEY, H.A. (2008): Natural climate variability and global warming. A Holocene perspective. Chichester, John Wiley & Sons. 287 s. ISBN 978-1-4051-5905-0 BRADLEY, R. (1999): Paleoclimatology. 2nd ed. International Geophysics Series. Vol. 68. London Elsevier/Academic Press, 614 s. ISBN: 978-0-12-124010-3 BURROUGHS, W. J. (2007): Global Climate Change. A Multidisciplinary Approach. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. 390 s. ISBN: 978-0521690331 HEWITT, C.N., JACKSON, A. V. (2003): Handbook of Atmospheric Science. Blackwell Scinece, Oxford, 648 p. MARSHALL, J., PLUMB, A.P. (2008): Atmosphere, ocean, and climate dynamics. An introductory text. Academic Press, London. 345 s. ISBN: 978-0-12-558691-7 McGUFFIE, K., HENDERSON-SELLERS, A. (2005): A Climate Modelling Primer. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 296 s.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

The study of recommended literature.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Basic concepts in meteorology. Meteorological phenomena, elements. Basic physical and chemical properties of Earth's atmosphere. Atmospheric pressure, basic relations and equations of motion in the atmosphere. Temperature and humidity. Stability in the atmosphere, adiabatic process. Basic pressure units, flow in pressure units. The air mass and atmospheric fronts. Local circulation systems. Fundamentals of physics of clouds and precipitation. Radiation and heat balance of the atmosphere-land surface. Air pollution, acid atmospheric deposition and its impact on other components of the landscape sphere. Climate and climatic classification. Development of the atmosphere and climate in Earth's geological history, Quaternary climatic oscillations. Global climate change, the impacts of climate change on other components and systems physical geography sphere. Applications of meteorology and climatology, weather forecasting and climate prediction scenarios. Numerical weather prediction, NWFS GCM / ESM models.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2012/2013 Winter semester, validity until: 2016/2017 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  18
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner