541-0120/01 – Geohazards (GHZ)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Marian Marschalko, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Marian Marschalko, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2010/2011Year of cancellation2017/2018
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
MAR31 prof. Ing. Marian Marschalko, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+1

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The introduction of all processes, which potentionally or feasibly lead to situation causes damages or threat in a specific region and time. Those processes are known under a comprehensive term geohazards.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

Geohazards are defined as processes, which potentionally or feasibly cause damages or threats. There are processes originating in relation to geological, meteorological or environmental processes in lithosphere, hydrosphere or atmosphere. Teh subject gives the students practically applicable information about individual processes threatening socio-economic development of specific area. The understanding of relation among initial factors and following negative processes affecting the area is basic in the systems analysis of those threats. Passing this subject gives the student special skills to predict and solve threats in specific area and time. It can eliminate in practice effects of geohazards.

Compulsory literature:

ONDRÁŠIK, R., VLČKO, J., FENDEKOVÁ, M. Geologické hazardy a ich prevencia. 2. dopl. vyd. ed. Bratislava: Vydavateľstvo Univerzity Komenského, 2011. 288 s. p. ISBN 978-80-223-2956-9 (váz.). KUKAL, Z. Rychlost geologických procesů. Academia. 1983. 280 pp. KUKAL, Z. Přírodní katastrofy (2. vyd.) Praha. Horizont, 1983, 259 s.http://www.usgs.gov/hazards/ http://www.geology.cz/geohazardy http://www.usgs.gov/hazards/ KIMOTO, S., MURAKAMIi, A. (Editors): Predication and Simulation Methods for Geohazard Mitigation: including CD-ROM. CRC. 1 edition. 2009. 626 pp.

Recommended literature:

Petro, L. a kol. Inžinierskogeologický a geotechnický terminologický slovník. Štátny geologický ústav Dionýza Štúra. 2008. 465 pp. Neuendorf, K., Mehl Jr., J., P., Jackson, J., A. (Editors) Glossary of Geology, 5th Edition. American Geological Institute. 2000. 800 pp. Lutgens, F., K., Tarbuck, E., J., Tasa, D. Essentials of Geology (10th Edition). Prentice Hall; 10 edition. 2008. 528 pp. Price G., D., de Freitas, M., H. Engineering Geology: Principles and Practice. Springer; 1 edition. 2008. 450 pp. Rahn, P., H. Engineering Geology: An Environmental Approach (2nd Edition). Prentice Hall PTR; 2nd edition. 1996. 657 pp. Kimoto, S., Murakami, A. (Editors): Predication and Simulation Methods for Geohazard Mitigation: including CD-ROM. CRC. 1 edition. 2009. 626 pp.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

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Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Volcanic activity 2. Earthquakes 3. Zones of increasing stress in rock environment (in relation to mining activity or mass movements on faults) 4. Tectonic disturbing of rock environment (faults, folds, strike and dip of discontinuities). 5. Weathering 6. Erosion 7. Changes in hydrological conditions in the area 8. Avalanches 9. Storms, hurricanes and transport of physical particles 10. Floods 11. Changes in hydrogeological conditions (balancing of groundwater table, direction of groundwater flow) 12. Suffosion 13. Collapse of loesses 14. Volume changes in clays (swelling, shrinkage) 15. Boiling of sand 16. Karst phenomena 17. Landslides 18. Gas emanations 19. Tsunamis 20. Wildfires Potentially induced hazards relating to anthropogenic activity in rock environment 1. Waste dumps of toxic materials and potential contamination 2. Mineral source exploitation and its impact on morphology (e.g. settlement), contamination 3. Tree felling and deforestation , soil erosion 4. Accidents – dam failure, infiltration of toxic liquids

Conditions for subject completion

Conditions for completion are defined only for particular subject version and form of study

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914R024) Landscape water management P Czech Ostrava 3 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner