541-0148/01 – Environmental geochemistry (ENGCH)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
RAC20 prof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 8+8

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The utilization of knowledge and application of natural relations from geochemical behaviour of elements in Earth crust in to the areas influenced by anthropogenic activity. Understanding of the principles of risk elements during thermic processes by the waste processing. Identification areas of contamination in surroundings old ecological loads and brownfields with utilization of geochemical models (SURFER).

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

The course „Environmental Geochemistry“ is focused on geochemical processes and principles of migration of both chemical elements and organic pollutants in individual components of environment (water, soil, atmosphere) including anthropogenic processes – waste production.

Compulsory literature:

Baskaran M. Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry. 2012. Springer. 1-951. Gill R. Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience. 2015. Wiley Blackwell. Hoboken,USA. 1-297. ISBN: 9780470656655 Killops S., Killops V. An Introduction to Organic Geochemistry. 2004. Blackwell Science Ltd., 1-408. 2. edition, ISBN-10: 0632065044 Marshall P., Fairbridge R.W. Encyclopedia of Geochemistry. 1999. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1-798. ISBN: 0-412-75500-9 Nelson E. Principles of Environmental Geochemistry. 2003. Brooks Cole, 1-528. ISBN-10: 01222290615. Reemtsma T, Jekel M.Organic Pollutants in the Water Cycle. 2006. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, 1-374. ISBN 3-527-31297-8 White V.M. Geochemistry. 2013. Willey-Blackwell. Chichester, USA.1-660. ISBN: 9780470656686

Recommended literature:

Siegel F.R. Environmental geochemistry of potentially toxic metals. 2002. Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH, 1-200. ISBN-10: 3540420304

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Students knowledge are verified in elaborate semestral programme (construction of map and evaluation of contamination – genesis), which come out from the lessons and take into consideration of student ability to practice the gained informations.

E-learning

Other requirements

For preparation of semestral programme - language skills for gaining of information from foreign journals and articles

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1.The basic geochemical principles of element migration in environment – endogennous and indogennous factors. Geochemical background and its relevance for contamination evaluation. 2.The occurence of natural anomalies in environment. Clarks. Maps of geochemical reactivity of rocks. 3.Trace elements in environment. 4.Organic pollutants – behaviour, main properties, difference between migration ability 5.Geochemistry of soils (physico-chemical properties, sorption parameters, the content of inorganic and organic compounds in soils. 6.The principles of binding metals in soils. Sequential extraction methods – Tessier, BCR. 7.The principles of bonding of organic pollutants. Evaluation of migration ability and decomposition (biodegradation). Partitioning coefficients. Migration in the system soil – soil water – underground water. 8.Occurence of organic pollutants in soils their biodegradability and index accumulation. The migration in system: underground water – soils – surface water. 9.Geochemistry of sludge (heavy metals and organic pollutants). 10.Particulate matter in surface and waste waters. The form of occurence of risk elements and organic micropollutants. 11.Geochemistry and mineral phase composition of sediments in water streams, rivers and lakes. The determination of geochemical backgrounds. 12.The contamination of environment in areas influenced by mining activity (Acid mine drainage, behaviour of heavy metals). 13.Geochemistry of wastes produced during energetic activity. 14.Geochemistry and mineralogy of fly ash – PM10 and total solid particles (TSP).

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  18
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: doplnit, doplnit, doplnit, doplnit, doplnit.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2020/2021 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914T026) European School for Brownfields Technical Redevelopment P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0724A290007) Brownfields Technical Redevelopment K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0724A290007) Brownfields Technical Redevelopment K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0724A290007) Brownfields Technical Redevelopment P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914T026) European School for Brownfields Technical Redevelopment P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (N2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3914T026) European School for Brownfields Technical Redevelopment P Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner