541-0585/02 – Drilling Machines and Mechanisms (VSM)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Martin Klempa, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Petr Bujok, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year2Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2004/2005Year of cancellation2008/2009
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
BUJ30 prof. Ing. Petr Bujok, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The main goal of the subject is to make students acquainted with the main technical means and individual drilling machine units which are used at various types in drilling rigs. The students have to gain basic knowledge about individual operative parts of these drilling rigs. They must be able to characterize these parts and to describe their types of construction. On the basis of the acquired theoretical knowledge they have to explain principle of their operation and to desribe their individual elements. They must be able to apply gained theoretical knowledge in the computation and practical tutorials during drilling directly on the rig. The students have to learn how to read design documentation containing the various types of contruction of individual mechanical parts of drilling rigs, to sketch the elementary function charts of the drilling units and to explain their functionality. By use of the analyse they must be able to know how to select these procedures leading to the effective solution of tasks, scheduled in the tutorials. The students must be able to design the final form of solution in the form of papers by use of the synthesis. They have to learn to judge the importance of the gained information, to evaluate them and choose these which are material and usable for their further professional progress.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

The subject gives basic information about individual drilling machine units and technical means, which are the main components of various types of drilling rigs. It is especially intent on these units of drilling rigs. The main functional parts of drilling units. Driving equipment of drilling units – internal combustion, electric and hydraulic drilling engines, driving gear mechanismus. Pulling equipment of drilling units – drilling derrick, rig drawwork, hoisting system, drilling rope. Drilling rig equipment – rotary, tables, rotary heads, downhole motors, vibrating and pereussion drilling equipment. Circulating equipment of drilling units. – mud (vibrating) screens, hydrocyclone separators, mud centrifuges, degassers etc. Safety gears of drilling units – preventers (ram, annular and revolving preventers), preventer manifolds. Measuring equipment of drilling units – devices for drilling drive measurement. Construction, function and importance of the main parts of drilling units for drilling activity realization. Calculations connected with proportioning of particular parts of drilling machines and mechanisms for rotary and core drilling.

Compulsory literature:

Vozdvižensky, V. et al. (1982): Exploratory Drilling, specialized publication – translation, Publishing Centre – „Nědra“, Moscow Baker, R. (1994): A Primer of Oilwell Drilling; basic text of oil and gas drilling; 5th Edition; published by PETEX and IADC Mazáč, J. (2005): Drilling Technologies, university mimeographed; VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Publishing Centre of VŠB-TU Ostrava Pinka, J., Wittenberger, G., Engel, J. (2007): Borehole Mining, university textbook, Publishing Centre/AMS, F BERG TU in Košice

Recommended literature:

World Oil´s Handbook of Horizontal Drilling and Completion Technology; specialized publication, team of authors, 1991; Houston, Texas, USA Nguyen, J.P. (1996): Drilling. Editions TECHNIP, France. ISBN 978-7108-0689-9. Samuel, G. R. (2007): Downhole Drilling Tools: Theory and Practice for Engineerings and Students. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, ISBN 1-933762-13-6.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Driving mechanisms – engines, gearing mechanisms – clutch, hydro clutch, chain clutch 2. Operational machinery of the drilling rigs – derrick, draw works, travelling block, drilling line 3. Drilling machinery of the drilling rigs – rotary table, top drive, down the hole /DTH) drilling tools – turbines, DTH drilling engines, DTH drilling hammers, walking beams, drop hammers, vibrating mechanisms 4. Mechanisms for drilling fluids treatment and drilling rigs cleansing – mud pumps – design, function, vibrating sieves, hydro cyclones, centrifuges 5. Security mechanisms of the drilling rigs – preventers (ram, universal, annular preventers, collars, wellhead preventer assembly) 6. Measuring and regulation devices of drilling rigs – measuring of set and resultant drilling regime parameters – thrust, rotation, volume and quality of the drilling fluids, torsion, drilling fluid pressure, etc.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 0
                Other task type Other task type 33  0
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 0
                Oral Oral examination 67  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2006/2007 (N2110) Geological Engineering (2101T003) Geological Engineering (00) Geologické inženýrství P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N2110) Geological Engineering (2101T003) Geological Engineering (00) Geologické inženýrství P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner