541-0585/06 – Drilling Machines and Mechanisms (VSM)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Martin Klempa, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Martin Klempa, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master, Bachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KLE028 doc. Ing. Martin Klempa, Ph.D.
KUN109 doc. Ing. Antonín Kunz, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 8+8

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The main goal of the subject is to make students acquainted with the main technical means and individual drilling machine units which are used at various types in drilling rigs. The students have to gain basic knowledge about individual operative parts of these drilling rigs. They must be able to characterize these parts and to describe their types of construction. On the basis of the acquired theoretical knowledge they have to explain principle of their operation and to desribe their individual elements. They must be able to apply gained theoretical knowledge in the computation and practical tutorials during drilling directly on the rig. The students have to learn how to read design documentation containing the various types of contruction of individual mechanical parts of drilling rigs, to sketch the elementary function charts of the drilling units and to explain their functionality. By use of the analyse they must be able to know how to select these procedures leading to the effective solution of tasks, scheduled in the tutorials. The students must be able to design the final form of solution in the form of papers by use of the synthesis. They have to learn to judge the importance of the gained information, to evaluate them and choose these which are material and usable for their further professional progress.

Teaching methods



The subject gives basic information about individual drilling machine units and technical means, which are the main components of various types of drilling rigs. It is especially intent on these units of drilling rigs. The main functional parts of drilling units. Driving equipment of drilling units – internal combustion, electric and hydraulic drilling engines, driving gear mechanismus. Pulling equipment of drilling units – drilling derrick, rig drawwork, hoisting system, drilling rope. Drilling rig equipment – rotary, tables, rotary heads, downhole motors, vibrating and pereussion drilling equipment. Circulating equipment of drilling units. – mud (vibrating) screens, hydrocyclone separators, mud centrifuges, degassers etc. Safety gears of drilling units – preventers (ram, annular and revolving preventers), preventer manifolds. Measuring equipment of drilling units – devices for drilling drive measurement. Construction, function and importance of the main parts of drilling units for drilling activity realization. Calculations connected with proportioning of particular parts of drilling machines and mechanisms for rotary and core drilling.

Compulsory literature:

Pinka, J., Wittenberger, G., Engel, J. (2007): Borehole Mining, university textbook, Publishing Centre/AMS, F BERG TU in Košice LYONS, W. C.: Air and Drilling Manual – Applications for Oil and Gas Recovery Wells and Geothermal Fluids Recovery Wells. Gulf Publishing, Houston, Texas, 2009. ISBN 978-0-12-370895-3. WILLOUGHBY, D. A.: Horizontal Directional Drilling – Utility and Pipeline Applications. The McGraw-Hill Companies, USA, 2005. ISBN 0-07-145473-x. Perrin, D.: Well Completion and Servicing. Oil and Gas Field Development Techniques. Editions Technip, France, 1999. ISBN: 978-2-7108-0765-0

Recommended literature:

World Oil´s Handbook of Horizontal Drilling and Completion Technology; specialized publication, team of authors, 1991; Houston, Texas, USA Nguyen, J.P. (1996): Drilling. Editions TECHNIP, France. ISBN 978-7108-0689-9. Samuel, G. R. (2007): Downhole Drilling Tools: Theory and Practice for Engineerings and Students. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, ISBN 1-933762-13-6. Letcher, T. M.: Future Energy – Improved, Suistainable and Clean Options for Our Planet. Elsevier, Netherlands, 2008. ISBN 978-0-08-054808-1

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Written test, oral discussion on the topic.


Other requirements

Study of recommend literature.


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Driving mechanisms – engines, gearing mechanisms – clutch, hydro clutch, chain clutch 2. Operational machinery of the drilling rigs – derrick, draw works, travelling block, drilling line 3. Drilling machinery of the drilling rigs – rotary table, top drive, down the hole /DTH) drilling tools – turbines, DTH drilling engines, DTH drilling hammers, walking beams, drop hammers, vibrating mechanisms 4. Mechanisms for drilling fluids treatment and drilling rigs cleansing – mud pumps – design, function, vibrating sieves, hydro cyclones, centrifuges 5. Security mechanisms of the drilling rigs – preventers (ram, universal, annular preventers, collars, wellhead preventer assembly) 6. Measuring and regulation devices of drilling rigs – measuring of set and resultant drilling regime parameters – thrust, rotation, volume and quality of the drilling fluids, torsion, drilling fluid pressure, etc.

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2019/2020 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  18
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: doplnit, doplnit, doplnit, doplnit.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2020/2021 (B0724A290004) Petroleum Engineering HHV P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B0724A290004) Petroleum Engineering HHV K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner