541-0902/02 – Applied Hydrogeochemistry (HGF)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits10
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Naďa Rapantová, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Naďa Rapantová, CSc.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2009/2010Year of cancellation2019/2020
Intended for the facultiesFAST, HGFIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
RAP35 prof. Ing. Naďa Rapantová, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 20+0
Combined Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Our intention is to provide a broad coverage of topics (see annotation of the course) in order to acquaint students with the basic principles of the subject taught and their practical applications.

Teaching methods

Lectures

Summary

Thermodynamic functions. Distance from equilibrium. Rate constants, theory of transient condition, influence of surface area and temperature, potential barrier, dynamic equilibrium. Saturation index. Activities and activity coefficients. Molar and weight fraction, mg/l, ppm, ppb, mol/l, ion power, equivalents. Graphs of stability in Si, Al, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb systems. Forms of substances in natural water (true and colloidal solution, suspension, ions, complexes, ion pair and organic complexes). Chemical and physical properties of water (structure, chemical fixation, partial charges, dissolving of solid and gas phases). Carbonate system (basic components, distribution coefficients, closed and open system, acid-base reactions, buffering). Acid-base reactions (dissociation of water, pH, mass balance, condition of electroneutrality, proton condition, acidity and alkalinity, methods of measurement). Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions (electrochemical potential, Nernst formula, redox potential, mixed potential, activity of electrons, electrodes, Eh/pH diagrams). Organic matters (organic carbon, chemical oxygen demand, contaminants of organic origin, biodegradation, humin compounds). Radioactive matter and their isotopes in groundwater. Mode of analyzing of geochemical dates and geochemical computer programs. Practical examples.

Compulsory literature:

Appelo C. A. J., Postma D. (2007): Geochemistry, grounwater and pollution. Vyd. Balkema 3rd corrected edition A.A.Balkema, Rotterdam. Drever, James I. The Geochemistry of Natural Waters. Prentice Hall, 1997. 450 s. ISBN 0-13-272790-0. Stumm, Werner - Morgan, James J. Aquatic chemistry : chemical equilibria and rates in natural waters. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995. xvi, 1022. ISBN 0-471-51184-6. Šráček, O. – Zeman, J. Introduction to Environmental Hydrogeochemistry. 1st edition. Masaryk University in Brno, 2004. 102pp. ISBN 80-210-3586-2. Yariv, S. - Cross, H. Geochemistry of colloid systems. Springer Verlag, 1979. 360 s. ISBN 0387089802.

Recommended literature:

Hiemenz, Paul C. - Rajagopalan, Raj. Principles of Colloid and Surface Chemistry. 3rd Edition. Marcel Dekker, 1997. 650 s. ISBN 0824793978. Andersson, P.S. - Porcelli, D. - Gustafsson, O. - Ingri, J. - Wasserburg, G.J. The importance of colloids for the behavior of uranium isotopes in the low-salinity zone of a stable estuary. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Elsevier Pergamon, 65, 1s. 13-24. ISSN 0016-7037. 2001. Schemel, L.E. - Kimball, B.A. - Bencala, K.E. Colloid formation and metal transport through two mixing zones affected by acid mine drainage near Silverton, Colorado. Applied geochemistry, Elsevier, 15s. 1003-1017. 2000. McCarthy, J.F. Colloid-facilitated transport of contaminants in groundwater: Mobilization of transuranic radionuclide from disposal trenches by natural organic matter. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Elsevier, 23, 2s. 171-178. 1998. Parkhurst, D.L. – Appelo, C.A.J. User`s guide to PHREEQC – a computer program for Speciation, Reaction-Path, One Dimensional Transport, and Inverse-Geochemical Calculations. U. S. Geol. Surv. Water Resources Investigation Report, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1999. http://water.usgs.gov/software. Wiedermeier, T.H., Rifai, H.S., Newell, C.J., Wilson, J.T. Natural attenuation of fuels and chlorinated solvents in the subsurface. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1999. Domenico, P.A. – Schwartz, F.W. Physical and Chemical Hydrogeology. 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1998. Langmuir, D. Aqueous Environmental Geochemistry. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New York, 1997.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Individual consulting

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

The study of recommended literature.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Thermodynamic functions. Distance from equilibrium. Rate constants, theory of transient condition, influence of surface area and temperature, potential barrier, dynamic equilibrium. Saturation index. Activities and activity coefficients. Molar and weight fraction, mg/l, ppm, ppb, mol/l, ion power, equivalents. Graphs of stability in Si, Al, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb systems. Forms of substances in natural water (true and colloidal solution, suspension, ions, complexes, ion pair and organic complexes). Chemical and physical properties of water (structure, chemical fixation, partial charges, dissolving of solid and gas phases). Carbonate system (basic components, distribution coefficients, closed and open system, acid-base reactions, buffering). Acid-base reactions (dissociation of water, pH, mass balance, condition of electroneutrality, proton condition, acidity and alkalinity, methods of measurement). Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions (electrochemical potential, Nernst formula, redox potential, mixed potential, activity of electrons, electrodes, Eh/pH diagrams). Organic matters (organic carbon, chemical oxygen demand, contaminants of organic origin, biodegradation, humin compounds). Radioactive matter and their isotopes in groundwater. Mode of analyzing of geochemical dates and geochemical computer programs.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2013/2014 Winter semester, validity until: 2019/2020 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination  
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering K Czech Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering K Czech Ostrava Optional study plan
2010/2011 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P Czech Ostrava Optional study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner