541-0902/03 – Applied Hydrogeochemistry (HGF)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits10
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Monika Ličbinská, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Monika Ličbinská, Ph.D.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2016/2017Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGF, FASTIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
SCH0013 doc. Mgr. Monika Ličbinská, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 20+0
Part-time Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the course is to cover a wide range of thematic areas (see course annotations) so that we introduce students to the basic terminology, laws and methods within the course, including their practical application. It is mainly about gaining knowledge about the forms of occurrence of elements in water using hydrochemical models, the application of model results to real systems, the evaluation of ecotoxicity of water systems based on knowledge of the form of occurrence of elements and comparison with real values.

Teaching methods

Lectures

Summary

The course is focused on mastering the main concepts and important principles for successful hydrogeochemical modelling of surface and groundwater. It deepens knowledge in the field of geochemistry of water systems, especially in the areas of distribution of components in natural waters, principles of acid-base equilibria and redox processes, knowledge of the function of carbonate systems and the laws of origin and composition of lithogeny waters.

Compulsory literature:

APPELO, C.A.J., POSTMA, D. Geochemistry, grounwater and pollution. 2nd corrected edition. A.A.Balkema Publishers, Leiden, 2005, 635s. ISBN 04 1536 421 3 DREVER, J.I. The Geochemistry of Natural Waters. Prentice Hall, 1997. 450s. ISBN 0-13-272790-0 STUMM, W., MORGAN, J.J. Aquatic chemistry: chemical equilibria and rates in natural waters. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995, 1022s. ISBN 0-471-51184-6 YARIV, S., CROSS, H. Geochemistry of colloid systems. Springer Verlag, 1979, 360s. ISBN 0387089802.

Recommended literature:

PARKHURST, D.L., APPELO, C.A.J. User`s guide to PHREEQC – a computer program for Speciation, Reaction-Path, One Dimensional Transport, and Inverse-Geochemical Calculations. U.S. Geol. Surv. Water Resources Investigation Report, Denver, Colorado, USA, 1999. http://water.usgs.gov/software. HIEMENZ, P.C., RAJAGOPALAN, R. Principles of Colloid and Surface Chemistry. 3rd Edition. Marcel Dekker, 1997, 650s. ISBN 0824793978 DOMENICO, P.A., SHWARTZ, F.W. Physical and Chemical Hydrogeology, 2nd edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997, 528 s. ISBN 978-0471597629 MAIDMENT, D., ED. Handbook of Hydrology. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1993, 1424 s. ISBN 978-0-070-39732-3

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Individual consulting

E-learning

Other requirements

The study of recommended literature.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Thermodynamic functions. Distance from equilibrium. Rate constants, theory of transient condition, influence of surface area and temperature, potential barrier, dynamic equilibrium. Saturation index. Activities and activity coefficients. Molar and weight fraction, mg/l, ppm, ppb, mol/l, ion power, equivalents. Graphs of stability in Si, Al, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb systems. Forms of substances in natural water (true and colloidal solution, suspension, ions, complexes, ion pair and organic complexes). Chemical and physical properties of water (structure, chemical fixation, partial charges, dissolving of solid and gas phases). Carbonate system (basic components, distribution coefficients, closed and open system, acid-base reactions, buffering). Acid-base reactions (dissociation of water, pH, mass balance, condition of electroneutrality, proton condition, acidity and alkalinity, methods of measurement). Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions (electrochemical potential, Nernst formula, redox potential, mixed potential, activity of electrons, electrodes, Eh/pH diagrams). Organic matters (organic carbon, chemical oxygen demand, contaminants of organic origin, biodegradation, humin compounds). Radioactive matter and their isotopes in groundwater. Mode of analyzing of geochemical dates and geochemical computer programs.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination  
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2020/2021 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (P2115) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner