541-0975/03 – Underground Gas Storage (PU)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits10
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Martin Klempa, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Ing. Martin Klempa, Ph.D.
Study levelpostgraduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
YearSemesterwinter + summer
Study languageEnglish
Year of introduction2016/2017Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesDoctoral
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KLE028 doc. Ing. Martin Klempa, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Examination 20+0
Part-time Examination 20+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the history of and the prospects for natural gas storage in various types of underground facilities at home and also abroad. To learn, on the basis of critical analysis and synthesis of input knowledge, how to propose and implement a methodology for the exploration of suitable structures. Further, to evaluate these suitable structures – especially with focus on gas reservoirs, in which mining is being completed, and aquifers – from the point of view of possible storage capacity. Then to optimize, with the application of mathematical models, the executed calculations of basic parameters, including the injection/withdrawal capacity of operating wells. To use acquired skills subsequently in professional activities.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations

Summary

By definition, all subsurface and surface facilities required for gas storage are underground gas storage. In most cases, natural or man-made spaces underground are used, located between geologically impermeable layers. Thus, an underground gas reservoir can be, for example, an old mined mine, or a deliberately constructed space where gas is injected for part of the year so that, if necessary, it can be extracted again and released into the pipeline network. The primary purpose of the reservoirs is to optimize the use of the gas system. Indeed, gas consumption is variable in the year, and if the infrastructure was sized to maximum consumption (in the winter period), the entire network would not be fully utilized for a long part of the year and there would be inefficiencies. The reservoirs are thus primarily designed to compensate for seasonal differences in gas consumption. In recent years, however, they have often been used as a "safeguard" for energy security, in addition to optimization, in case of disruption of gas supplies to the Czech Republic. Another substantial advantage is the possibility of using gas in the tip cap reservoir, when there is no need to purchase short-term expensive gas on the spot market.

Compulsory literature:

EVANS, D. J.; CHADWICK, R. A.: Underground Gas Storage: Worldwide Experiences and Future Development in the UK and Europe. Geological Society Special Publication No. 313, The Geological Society London, 2009. ISBN: 978-1-86239-272-4. Great Britain: Department of Energy and Climate Change: National policy statement for gas supply infrastructure and gas and oil pipelines (EN-4). ISBN: 9780108510809. MOKHATAB, SAEID POE, WILLIAM A. MAK, JOHN Y.: Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing - Principles and Practices (4th Edition). Elsevier, 2019. TEK, M. R.: Underground Storage of Natural Gas: Theory and Practice. Kluwer Academic Publisher, 1989. ISBN: 978-94-010-6936-6.

Recommended literature:

Underground Gas Storage in the World – 2017 Status. Cedigaz Insights no 22, July 2017. Report prepared by Sylvie Cornot-Gandolphe for CEDIGAZ. COSSÉ, R.: Basics of Reservoir Engineering. Oil and Gas Field Development Techniques. Éditions Technip, Paris, 1993. GUO,B., LYONS, W.,CHALAMBOR, A.: Petroleum Production Engineering. A computer assisted Approach, Elsevier Inc. 2017. FANCHI, JOHN R. CHRISTIANSEN, RICHARD L.: Introduction to Petroleum Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, 2017.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Participation in consultations, seminar work, oral exam.

E-learning

Other requirements

Study of recommend literature.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Types of underground gas reservoirs; Research into appropriate structures; History and prospects of storage of liquids and gases; Layout of storage capacities in the Czech Republic and the world; Establishment of underground gas reservoirs; Special technology for drilling and equipping operational probes; Operation of underground gas reservoirs; Management system; Transportation system; Modelling of reservoir work; Monitoring the safety of underground gas reservoirs and their influence on the surrounding Environments; Gas Storage Management and Marketing;

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Examination Examination  
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2020/2021 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (P2115) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (P2115) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P2115) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (P2115) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Choice-compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (P2110) Geological Engineering (2101V003) Geological Engineering P English Ostrava Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

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