541-4005/01 – Praktická hydrogeochemie (PHGCH)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geological EngineeringCredits3
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Monika Ličbinská, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Monika Ličbinská, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2021/2022Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
SCH0013 doc. Mgr. Monika Ličbinská, Ph.D.
SVE0087 Ing. Barbora Svěchová
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Graded credit 1+2
Part-time Graded credit 4+8

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Our intention is to provide a broad coverage of topics (see annotation of the course) in order to acquaint students with the basic principles of the subject taught and their practical applications.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

The course deals with the issue of groundwater chemistry in the regime of their flow at the contact with the rock environment and in the places of their accumulation, solves the hydrogeochemical principles of groundwater for application in water management. The purpose of the course is to acquaint students with the main laws of groundwater in the rock environment, the characteristics of the rock and aquifers, with the methods of studying the chemistry of water resources, their evaluation and model predictions of their development. An integral part is the teaching of groundwater protection principles in the field of prevention (including existing legislation) and reparation of endangered resources.

Compulsory literature:

STUMM, W., MORGAN, J.J. Aquatic Chemistry. 3rd Edition. Wiley – Interscience Series of Texts and Monographs, New York: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1996, 596 s. ISBN 0-471-51184-6 APPELO, C.A.J., POSTMA, D. Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1993, 536 s. ISBN 04-1536-421-3 DREVER, J.I. The geochemistry of natural waters. Second edition. N.J.: Printice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1988, 437 s. ISBN 0-13-351396-3 WHITE, W.M. Geochemistry. 1 edition. New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, 668 s. ISBN 978-0470656686

Recommended literature:

ALBAREDE, F. Geochemistry: An Introduction. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 248 s. ISBN 0-521-89148-5 ROGERS, N., BLAKE, S., BURTON, K., WIDDOWSON, M., PARKINSON, I., HARRIS, N. An Introduction to Our Dynamic Planet. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2008, 398 p, ISBN 978-0-521-49424-3 LOLLAR, B.S. Environmental Geochemistry. Elsevier, 2005. ISBN 978-0-080-4464-3 DOMENICO, P.A., SHWARTZ, F.W. Physical and Chemical Hydrogeology, 2nd edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997, 528 s. ISBN 978-0471597629

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Individual consultations, practical exercises with geochemical programs, solution of real examples. The course is completed by a credit from exercises and a written exam.

E-learning

Other requirements

The study of recommended literature.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Thermodynamic functions. Distance from equilibrium. Rate constants, transition state theory, influence of surface area and temperature, potential barrier, dynamic equilibrium. Saturation index. Activities, activity coefficients. Molar and mass fractions, ionic strength, equivalents. Stability diagrams (systems Si, Al, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb - aqueous solutions, forms of occurrence, distribution and stability as a function of pH). Forms of occurrence of substances in water (true and colloidal solutions, suspensions, ions, complexes, ion pairs, organic complexes). Chemical and physical properties of water (structure, bonds, partial charges, dissolution of solid phases, dissolution of gases => partial pressure, Henry's law, dependence of Henry's constant on temperature). Carbonate system (basic components of the system, distribution coefficients, closed and open system, acid-base titrations, buffers, Gran's function). Acid-base reactions (water dissociation, pH, mass balances, electroneutrality condition, proton condition, acidity and alkalinity, methods of determination). Oxidation-reduction processes (electrochemical potentials, Nernst equation, redox potential, mixed potentials, electron activity, electrodes, Eh / pH diagrams). Organic substances (organic carbon, chemical oxygen demand, contaminants of organic origin, biodegradation, humic substances, etc.). Radioactive substances and isotopes in groundwater (separation, structure, fractionation, geochronology, etc.). Methods of hydrogeochemical data processing, geochemical programs. Practical examples.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2021/2022 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Graded credit Graded credit 100  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: doplnit, doplnit, doplnit, doplnit.

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2022/2023 (N0724A290013) Water – Strategic Resource PHH K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0724A290013) Water – Strategic Resource PHH P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0724A290013) Water – Strategic Resource PHH P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0724A290013) Water – Strategic Resource PHH K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner