544-0095/03 – Physical Geodesy and Geophysics (FGG)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Geodesy and Mine SurveyingCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Viliam Vatrt, DrSc.Subject version guarantorprof. RNDr. Zdeněk Kaláb, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2003/2004Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
CER454 Ing. Bladimir Cervantes
HOF20 doc. RNDr. Libuše Hofrichterová, CSc.
JAD023 Ing. Petr Jadviščok, Ph.D.
KAL05 prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Kaláb, CSc.
POL06 Ing. Aleš Poláček, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 12+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Master the content of the subject according to the annotation. To learn to apply especially gravimetric methods and selected geophysical methods in geodesy and mining surveying. To improve in the knowledge of the laws of motion and shape of the Earth, its deformations and changes. Most geophysical methods currently include applications in the form of aerial, ground, mining, drilling variants, including modifications for marine applications. However, satellite geodetic and geophysical technologies are experiencing the greatest expansion, which are becoming part of everyday practice. Their foundations are part of Physical Geodesy. Each of the methods differs in its application by the used mathematical solution, global data sources, instrumentation, methodology of approach to solving the relevant problem, and in terms of interpretation.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

The course includes the science of the physical fields of the Earth, especially the gravitational field, its mathematical description and its influence on geodetic quantities. Current methods of physical geodesy require an understanding of the role of geopotential models in modern geodesy and knowledge of their practical applications. With this in mind, the basics of gravitational, gravity and tidal potentials are discussed using the mathematical apparatus of spherical harmonics and Legendre functions. Practical applications of this issue are discussed and practiced in the issues of altitude systems, fault potential, methods for determining the area and dimensions of geoids and quasi-geoids and obtaining global data of various geophysical quantities using modern geopotential models. Furthermore, some geophysical methods and their use in engineering geodesy and mining surveying are discussed. The analysis of the physical fields of the Earth's body, in order to solve the problem of its shape and structure (internal structure of the Earth - especially the structure of the earth's crust and upper mantle, etc.) is part of the connection of both methods. The importance of both methods is in the use and possibility of solving problems in the field of general, structural and deposit geology (tectonophysics; exploration of mineral deposits; localization of faults, etc.), solving problems in the field of engineering geology, environmental geology, hydrogeology, etc. At the same time, new satellite geophysical and geodetic methods enable global applications and forecasting of raw material potential, risks and threats. With regard to the physical principle and character of the field, which we measure and analyze, the following geophysical methods are included in the subject: - gravimetry (gravity field), - geomagnetics (Earth's geomagnetic field), - geoelectrical methods (both natural and artificial geoelectric fields), - seismic survey and seismology (wave field), - radionuclide methods (radioactive field), - geothermal energy (thermal field).

Compulsory literature:

HEISKANEN, W.A., MORITZ, H.: Physical Geodesy. W.H.Freeman and Co., 1967. TELFORD, W. M., GELDART, L., P., SHERIFF, R., E.: Applied Geophysics Second Edition, Published by The Press, 2001.

Recommended literature:

MORITZ, H.: Advanced physical geodesy. Abarcus Press., 1980. WAHR, J., Geodesy and Gravity. Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom,. Class Notes, Department of Physics University of Colorado, Samizdat Press, 491p, 1999.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Other requirements

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1.Background of geophysics. Position of geophysics in Earth sciences 2.Fundamental of Earth-physics – physical fields of Earth 3.Gravity methods – physical principles 4.Gravity of Earth – reference spheroid, the geoid 5.Gravity reductions, Free-air correction, Bouguer correction 6.Gravity instruments 7.Magnetic methods – magnetism of the Earth 8.Elements of the Earth´s magnetic field 9.Electrical methods – resistivity methods 10.Locating Conductors and Non-conductors 11.Seismic and seismological methods. 12.Classification of seismic events 13.Radioactivity methods 14.Radioactivity of rock, units, background

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2012/2013 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 0
                Project Project 20  0
                Written exam Written test 13  0
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 0
                Written examination Written examination 33  0
                Oral Oral examination 34  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2014/2015 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T001) Mine Surveying P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T007) Engineering Geodesy P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T007) Engineering Geodesy P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T001) Mine Surveying P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T001) Mine Surveying P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T007) Engineering Geodesy P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T001) Mine Surveying P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T007) Engineering Geodesy P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T001) Mine Surveying P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T007) Engineering Geodesy P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T001) Mine Surveying P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T007) Engineering Geodesy P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T001) Mine Surveying P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T007) Engineering Geodesy P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T001) Mine Surveying P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T007) Engineering Geodesy P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T001) Mine Surveying K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2004/2005 (N3646) Geodesy and Cartography (3646T001) Mine Surveying K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner