546-0021/01 – Environmental Chemistry (ECH)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2014/2015Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PER34 doc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 6+6

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Knowledge rendered after completion of the course - students should have a basic understanding of the laws of chemical equilibria in the various components of the environment, of the processes affecting the behavior of chemicals in the environment, their distribution and transfer between different components of the environment. Skills rendered after completion of the course: Students can use their knowledge to assess the actual state of the environment. They are able to use their knowledge for evaluating the extent and consequences of various types of chemical contamination of the environment.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials

Summary

The course focuses on the study of chemical, physico-chemical and physical processes in the environment leading to continuous redistribution of matter on Earth. It also includes the issue of anthropogenic influence these processes.

Compulsory literature:

NELSON EBY, G.: Principles of Environmental Chemistry. USA: Thomson Brooks-Cole, 2004. 510 s. ISBN 0-122-29061-5. MANAHAN, Stanley E. Environmental chemistry. 9th ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, c2010. ISBN 1420059203.

Recommended literature:

NELSON EBY, G.: Principles of Environmental Chemistry. USA: Thomson Brooks-Cole, 2004. 510 s. ISBN 0-122-29061-5. BAIRD, Colin a Michael C. CANN. Environmental chemistry. 5th ed. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company, c2012. ISBN 978-1429277044.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Student knowledge is verified in written form, emphasis is given to understanding the subject and applying theoretical knowledge to solving practical problems. The evaluation also includes collective evaluation and self-assessment. An active assessment of the students is also included in the class.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Active participation in the lectures and the seminars, demonstration of successful processing subtasks, entered continuously in the semester.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction. Basic concepts and relations describing the behavior and fate of chemicals in the environment, ie. environmental interface and chemical equilibrium, persistence in the environment, environmental balance, transport in and among components of the environment. 2. Chemical and biochemical processes occurring in nature. Bioaccumulation, biomagnification, biodegradation, biotransformation. 3. Introduction to the study of reactions, transport, interaction and destruction of chemical substances in the atmosphere, soil and water and the human impact on these processes. Fabric flows in the environment - natural and anthropogenically influenced; basic principles of chemical equilibria and their physico-chemical context. 4. Basic physico-chemical properties of substances and environmentally chemical properties of the individual components of the environment affecting the fate of pollutants in the environment. Options restrictions on the entry of contaminants into the environment and their elimination from the environment 5. Basic processes affecting the fate of chemicals in the environment (sorption, accumulation, ... ), transport processes of chemicals in different compartments of the environment (movement in the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere pedosphere). 6. transformation processes in the environment (oxidation and reduction, photochemical reactions, hydrolysis, biotransformation .. ). 7. distribution of substances in the environment, phase equilibria and phase transitions. Modeling the fate and distribution of chemicals in the environment at local, regional and global level. 8. Biogeochemical Cycles main elements C , O, N , P, S ; The movement of chemical elements between organisms and inanimate parts of the atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere 9. Biogeochemical Cycles: K, Fe, Mn, Ca, Al , and trace elements . 10. Lithosphere - definition, composition; Fabric flows, physical and chemical processes. 11. Pedosphere - definition, composition, mass flows; chemical, physico-chemical processes. Soil pollution - primary, secondary, metals, nutrients, organic pollutants. Biosphere - basic characteristics, exposure of organisms, the effects of plant nutrition and fertilization , excess nutrients and runoff, the ratio of N, P and K. The chemical plant protection, non-selective effects, side-effects and residues in food chain transfer . Non-chemical plant protection. 12. Hydrosphere - definition of the hydrological cycle - the fabric flows, chemical , physico-chemical processes; anthropogenic influences. Pollution of the hydrosphere. Water and its function, chemical composition, the hydrological cycle, atmospheric water, surface water, groundwater, drinking , commercial and operational. Pollution of receiving waters, waste water, water, sewage, industrial and municipal. Types of pollution: oil , detergents, radioactive substances, inorganic and organic pollutants, fertilizers and pesticides. 13. Atmosphere - definition, composition, mass flow, physical, chemical, physico-chemical processes. Air pollution Basic characteristics of the atmosphere associated with the dispersion of pollutants (temperature stratification, temperature, pressure, humidity). The natural chemical composition of the atmosphere. 14. Atmosphere - Pollutant emissions, air pollution, transport and dispersion of pollutants, sources of pollution in terms of origin, distribution and time. Primary and secondary pollution, NPK value, Kmax, Kd. Reaction of pollutants in the atmosphere, photochemical reactions. Smog oxidation and reduction.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2014/2015 Winter semester, validity until: 2015/2016 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  34
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2020/2021 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner