546-0067/01 – Ecotoxicology (ETOX)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2016/2017Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PER34 doc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+1
Combined Credit and Examination 9+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The knowledge rendered after completion of the course student gains basic information, knowledge and competencies in the issue of ecotoxicological hazard assessment of of pollutants on the organisms of the entire ecosystem. The skills rendered after completion of the course: Students can discuss and interpret the general principles of ecotoxicology and will manage the evaluation and use of methodologies in ecotoxicology to predict the effects of toxic substances. Students will be able to justify the application of ecotoxicology and application of knowledge in practice.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Individual consultations
Tutorials

Summary

Knowledge of the effect of pollutants on the organisms at all trophic levels. The attention is paid to the interpretation of the general principles of ecotoxicology, evaluation and use of methodologies in ecotoxicology to predict the effects of toxic substances.

Compulsory literature:

BEGUM Ghousia (edit.): Ecotoxicology. 2012. Printed in Croatia. ISBN 978-953-51-0027-0. Dostupné z: http://library.umac.mo/ebooks/b28113652.pdf. HODGSON Ernest: A Text Book of Modern Toxicology. 3 th Edition. Edited by Ernest Hodgson Department of Environmental and Biochemical Toxicology North Carolina State University. 2004. Dostupné z: http://elibrary.bsu.az/azad/new/2472.pdf.

Recommended literature:

VIRGHI Marco and VILLA Sara: Ecotoxicology: The Challenges for the 21st Century. Toxics 2013, 1, 18-35; doi:10.3390/toxics1010018.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Student knowledge is verified in written form, emphasis is given to understanding the subject and applying theoretical knowledge to solving practical problems. The evaluation also includes collective evaluation and self-assessment. An active assessment of the students is also included in the class.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Active participation in seminars, proven successful processing of individual tasks, continuously awarded in the semester.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. History and position of ecotoxicology as a science on the effects of stressors on ecosystems and their living components; relationships and links of ecotoxicology with other biological sciences and environmental sciences. 2. Chemicals in ecosystems; parameters of chemicals relevant to ecotoxicology (general and specific parameters); biotic transformation - biodegradation, metabolism of toxic substances. 3. Basic ecotoxicology of natural organisms; exposure-dose-response, toxo-kinetics and toxodynamics concepts; acute vs. chronic toxicity; genotoxicity vs. carcinogenicity; 4. Biomarkers; hierarchy of biological systems - specifics and effects of (chemical) stressors at different levels. 5. Effects at various levels of the living organism: subcellular and cellular levels; biochemical and molecular mechanisms of toxicity, mutagenicity, genotoxicity; organ effects - metabolic damage, neurotoxicity, endocrine and reproductive toxicity, immunotoxicity and other health damage; body effects. 6. Effects on different types of living organisms; ecotoxicology of producers - cyanobacteria, algae and higher plants; consumer ecotoxicology; man as part of ecosystems; ecotoxicology of destructors - bacteria, fungi. 7. Stress (chemical) at communities and community ecosystems; links between components of ecosystems, trophy levels; the effects of chemical stress on an ecosystem level; aquatic and terrestrial environment, case studies, ecosystem health indicators; saprobita vs. toxicity. 8. Experiments in ecotoxicology; laboratory testing vs. natural in situ studies and biomonitoring; design and organization of experiments of varying complexity; standardizability, repeatability, ecological interpretation of results. 9. Ecotoxicology study methods: laboratory bioassays; derivation and interpretation of ECx, LCx, LO (A) EL, NO (A) EL; methods of studying effects for aquatic and terrestrial organisms; more generic testing - laboratory microcosms; microbial ecotoxicology. 10. Methods of ecotoxicology in situ studies (types and selection of organisms and exposure, negative - background control values); biomonitoring. 11. Major classes of toxic substances in RU I; pure substances vs. mixtures; industrial and municipal waste, substances deliberately brought into ecosystems; brief characteristics of the main groups (input into the environment, fate and toxic effects). 12. Major Classes of Toxic Substances in the Environment II; pure substances vs. mixtures; industrial and municipal waste, substances deliberately brought into ecosystems; brief characteristics of the main groups (input into the environment, fate and toxic effects). 13. Application of Ecotoxicological Principles and the Importance of Modeling Structure-Biological Activity (QSAR), mathematical models for the fate and transport of substances in the environment and food chains. ecological risks national and international standards for ecotoxicology. 14. Legal use of knowledge of ecotoxicology, related practical aspects, standards; hygiene assessment of environmental quality - derivation and issues of safe limits.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2016/2017 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33 (33) 17
                Semestrální projekt Semestral project 13  7
                Prezentace semestrálního projektu Semestral project 10  5
                Aktivita Semestral project 10  5
        Examination Examination 67  34
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history
Combined form (validity from: 2016/2017 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33 (33) 17
                semestrální projekt Semestral project 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  34
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R028) Environmental Biotechnology P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 3 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
ECTS - FMG 2018/2019 Full-time English Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block