546-0110/01 – Environmental Microbiology (EMB)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Hana Vojtková, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Hana Vojtková, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2020/2021Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
VOJ195 doc. Mgr. Hana Vojtková, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Part-time Credit and Examination 8+8

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The target competences lie in gaining new knowledge and its application in dealing with problems, observations, experiments and in communication: - to characterize phenotypic and genotypic features of basic microorganism groups - to understand the status of microorganisms in the ecosystems, to be familiar with natural systems and understand the phylogenetic and biotic relations of the different groups - to understand the role of microorganisms within the species diversity and factors affecting its stability within an ecosystem - to understand the significance of microorganisms in the circulation of substances in the environment - to be able to evaluate the suitability of a particular microorganism for specific biotechnological procedure with regard to ecological consequences of such a decision - to be able to apply the gained knowledge in doing practical tasks in seminars, to evaluate the consequences of a particular feature from the ecological, sanitary and economic points of view; to build a positive attitude to nature - to be able to work independently on the set tasks, to observe and objectively record the experiment results, to adhere to safe (aseptic) work principles when working with biological material and technical equipment - to be able to synthetize the obtained experimental data and to justify own approach to dealing with a biological problem

Teaching methods

Individual consultations
Experimental work in labs
Other activities


The course builds on the knowledge gained within the Bachelor general and specialised microbiology courses and expands it via a generalisation of the microorganisms’ status in nature, species diversity and relations among the microorganisms’ populations within the ecosystems. The specialisation of the course mirrors the role of modern microbiology, i.e. a multi-disciplinary field on the boundary of ecological, biological and technical sciences. The course focuses on the microbiology of ecosystems. Students learn about the significance of microorganisms in a wider ecological context, the typology of microorganisms as for their phenotypes and genotypes, including modern databases, modern information sources, the options of their practical application in modern biotechnologies; some lectures will be dedicated to practical applications of microorganisms to detect mutagens in the environment and their role in environmental technologies and biotechnological methods.

Compulsory literature:

VOTAVA, Miroslav. Lékařská mikrobiologie obecná. Brno: Neptun, 2005. 351 s. ISBN 80-86850-00-5 VOTAVA, Miroslav. Lékařská mikrobiologie speciální. Brno: Neptun, 2003. 495 s. ISBN 80-902896-6-5 BLACK, Jacquelyn G. Microbiology: Principles and Explorations. 7th edition. John Wiley and Sons, 2008. 846 p. ISBN: 978-0470107485 978-1118743164 COWAN, Marjorie K. Microbiology: A Systems Approach. McGraw-Hill College, 2011. 880 s. ISBN 978-00735225242 HOGG, Stuart. Essential Microbiology. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., 2005. Dostupné z: http://www.grsmu.by/files/file/university/cafedry/microbiologii-virysologii-immynologii/files/essential_microbiology.pdf

Recommended literature:

ALBERTS, Bruce et al. Essential Cell Biology. New York: Garland Publishing, 2009. ISBN 978-0-8153-4130-7 GLAZER, Alexander N. a Hiroshi NIKAIDO. Microbial Biotechnology: Fundamentals of Applied Mikrobiology. 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. xvii, 554 s. ISBN 978-0-521-84210-5 MIMS, Cedric A. (ed.) Medical Microbiology. 3rd ed. Edinburgh: Elsevier, 2004. ix, 660 s. ISBN 0-323-03575-2 MOAT, Albert G., John W. FOSTER a Michael P. SPECTOR. Microbial Physiology. New York: Wiley-Liss, 2002. 714 s. ISBN 978-0-471-39483-9

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Ongoing checks of students’ work are ensured via discussing the lecture topics; the practical competences are observed when working in the laboratory. To gain credits, students hand in records and completed tasks from the laboratory assignments. The course is completed by an examination, which may be scheduled having gained the initial credit. The examination is divided into a written and oral part.


Other requirements

- regular participation in the seminars - completion of the records and set tasks


Subject has no prerequisities.


Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction to microbiology studies, important historical discoveries, perspectives of modern microbiology 2. Chemical structure and general structure of a microbial cell, differences in the structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms 3. The physiology of microorganisms – the basics 4. The metabolism of microorganisms, the methods of energy use by microorganisms 5. Genetics of microorganisms, interactions of microorganisms and the environment 6. Acellular forms – viroids and prions, the pathogenicity of prions, EU preventive measures 7. Acellular organisms – viruses 8. Cellular microorganisms – archea 9. Cellular microorganisms – bacteria, overview of significant strains of bacteria and their exploitation in environmental practice 10. Microscopic fungi, life cycles and importance of microscopic fungi, mycotoxins and mycoalergia 10. Microorganisms in the air – aeromicrobiology 11. Soil as an environment of microorganisms, consequences of anthropogenic pollution in microorganisms populations, ecological function of microorganisms 12. Water microbiology and indicators of hygienic importance 13. Response of microorganisms to environmental changes, ecological function of microorganisms, use of microorganisms in environment revitalization

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2022/2023 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of pointsMax. počet pokusů
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33  33
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 18 3
                Písemný test Written examination 37  0
                Ústní zkouška Oral examination 30  0
Mandatory attendence participation: Active and regular participation in seminars, proven successful processing of the records and individual tasks, regularly entered in the semester.

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Conditions for subject completion and attendance at the exercises within ISP: - regular participation in the consultations on the topics studied (attending on consultations will be discussed with every student on an individual basis) - completion of the set tasks

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeBranch/spec.Spec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2024/2025 (N0724A290012) Environmental Protection within Industry OBI P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2024/2025 (N0724A290012) Environmental Protection within Industry OBI K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (N0724A290012) Environmental Protection within Industry OBI P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2023/2024 (N0724A290012) Environmental Protection within Industry OBI K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0724A290012) Environmental Protection within Industry OBI P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (N0724A290012) Environmental Protection within Industry OBI K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner

Assessment of instruction

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