546-0117/01 – Biological Methods of Raw Material Processing and Waste (BMSO)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits3
Subject guarantordoc. Dr. Ing. Radmila KučerováSubject version guarantordoc. Dr. Ing. Radmila Kučerová
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2019/2020Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesFollow-up Master
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
KUC25 doc. Dr. Ing. Radmila Kučerová
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+1
Part-time Credit and Examination 8+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The aim of the course is introduce to students the discipline dealing with biological methods of mineral processing and waste. Attention is paid to the methods and applications of biological processes in the acquisition of useful components, especially metals from raw materials and metallic waste, or in the processing and modification of quality raw materials. Acquired knowledge is the basis for optimization, measurement and process control.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Experimental work in labs
Other activities

Summary

The subject deals with the use of biochemical methods in the processing of minerals and wastes in order to increase the quality of the raw material or to separate the utility components, especially metals. Attention is paid mainly to the methods and applications of biochemical processes in the treatment of primary raw materials such as coal, ore, as well as other raw materials and metalliferous wastes, including electrical waste including used batteries, waste from the mining and treatment of raw materials, mine waters and mine water sediments, metallurgical wastes, contaminated soils, fly ash and many others. With ever-new and evolving industry technologies, the field of industrial use of microorganisms is constantly changing and expanding. Last but not least, biochemical procedures are also used to repair old burdens. Students can then use the knowledge gained in industrial areas dealing with raw material processing and separation of utility components using biochemical techniques that work and are constantly developing dynamically around the world.

Compulsory literature:

DÍAZ, E. Microbial biodegradation. Norfolk : Caister Academic Press, 2008. 402 s. ISBN 978-1-904455-17-2. KOTRBA, P., M. MACKOVÁ, T. MACEK. Microbial biosorption of metals. Dordrecht : Springer, 2011. 329 s. ISBN 978-94-007-0442-8. SINGH, A., P. O. WARD. Biodegradation and bioremediation. Berlin : Springer, 2004. 309 s. ISBN 3-540-21101-2. KIRK, G. The biogeochemistry of submerged soils. Chichester : Wiley, 2004. 291 s. ISBN 978-0-470-86301-5.

Recommended literature:

MANAHAN, S. E. Toxicological chemistry and biochemistry. Boca Raton : CRC Press, 2003. 425 s. ISBN 978-1-56670-618-6. KUČEROVÁ, R., L. KUČEROVÁ, V. MATÚŠKOVÁ. Biodegradation of selected pollutants in soil and sewage sludge. Košice : Technická univerzita v Košiciach, 2014. 62 s. ISBN 978-80-553-1854-7. MARGESIN, R., F. SCHINNER. Manual for soil analysis. Berlin : Springer, 2005. 366 s. ISBN 3-540-25346-7. NAIDU, B. D. Biotechnology & nanotechnology. New York : Oxford University Press, 2009. 329 s. ISBN 978-0-19-534008-2.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Written test. 100% participation in laboratory exercises. Preparation of protocols from laboratory tests. Oral examination.

E-learning

Other requirements

100% participation in laboratory exercises and preparation of protocols from laboratory tests

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction. The importance of biological methods in the treatment of minerals and wastes 2. Basic classification of microorganisms 3. Cultivation, dynamics of growth and multiplication of microorganisms 4. Principle and division of bioreactors 5. Biochemical degradation of caustobiolites 6. Desulphurization of coal mass 7. Biochemical leaching of sulphide ores 8. Biochemical leaching of non-sulphide ores 9. Technology of underground biochemical leaching of ores 10. Technology of biochemical leaching heaps 11. Biochemical leaching of metal waste 12. Biochemical precipitation of metals from solution 13. Biosorption and its use in obtaining metals from solutions 14. Use of extremophilic microorganisms in industrial technologies

Conditions for subject completion

Part-time form (validity from: 2020/2021 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33  17
        Examination Examination 67  51
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: Elaboration and presentation of seminar work

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2021/2022 (N0788A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing OH P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0788A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing OH K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2021/2022 (N0788A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing OH K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0788A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing OH K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0788A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing OH K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2020/2021 (N0788A290001) Waste Management and Mineral Processing OH P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner