546-0181/01 – Properties of the Environment and its Components (SŽP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits3
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2021/2022Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PER34 doc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
SYR0013 Ing. Lucie Syrová
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Graded credit 2+1
Part-time Graded credit 8+4

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

Knowledge demonstrated after completion of the course: Students have a basic knowledge of the laws of chemical equilibria in individual components of the environment, the processes affecting the behaviour of chemicals in the environment, their distribution and transfers between individual components of the environment. Skills demonstrated after the completion of the course: Students can use their knowledge in assessing the specific state of the environment. They are able to use their knowledge to evaluate the extent and chemical consequences of different types of contamination of environmental components.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

The course is focused on the study of chemical, physicochemical and physical processes in the environment, which lead to the continuous redistribution of substances on Earth. Part of the course is also the issue of the anthropogenic influence of these processes.

Compulsory literature:

NELSON EBY, G. Principles of Environmental Chemistry. USA: Thomson Brooks-Cole, 2004. 510 s. ISBN 0-122-29061-5 MANAHAN, Stanley E. Environmental chemistry. 9th ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press, c2010. ISBN 1420059203 PERTILE Eva, Peter FEČKO et al. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Content in the Sediments of Water-bearing Subsidence Throughs in the Karviná Region. Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, An international journal for theory and practice of mining and metallurgy, Section A: Mining, Bor: Technical Faculty and Copper Institute Bor, 2009, 45(1), 88-95. ISSN 1450-5959 CHANG R. Chemistry. 10th Edition. McGraw-Hill: New York, 2010. 1170 p. Dostupné z: https://archive.org/details/Chemistry_10th_Edition_Raymond_Chang

Recommended literature:

BAIRD, Colin a Michael C. CANN. Environmental chemistry. 5th ed. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company, c2012. ISBN 978-1429277044 BASTIOLI C. Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers. 2005, p. 533, ISBN 978-1-85957-389-1 SMOLIŃSKI, A., DOMBEK, V., PERTILE, E. et al. An analysis of self-ignition of mine waste dumps in terms of environmental protection in industrial areas in Poland. Sci Rep 11, 8851 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-88470-7 PERTILE, Eva, Tomáš DVORSKÝ, Vojtěch VÁCLAVÍK a Silvie HEVIÁNKOVÁ. Use of Different Types of Biosorbents to Remove Cr (VI) from Aqueous Solution. Life. 2021, 11(3). ISSN 2075-1729. Dostupné z: doi:10.3390/life11030240

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Student knowledge is verified in written form, emphasis is given to understanding the subject and applying theoretical knowledge to solving practical problems. The evaluation also includes collective evaluation and self-assessment. An active assessment of the students is also included in the class.

E-learning

Other requirements

Active participation in the lectures and the seminars, demonstration of successful processing subtasks, entered continuously in the semester.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction to the issue. Basic concepts and relationships describing the behavior and fate of chemicals in the environment (environmental interface and chemical balance, persistence in the environment, environmental equilibria, transport in components and between components of the environment). 2. Chemical and biochemical processes taking place in nature. Bioaccumulation, bioenrichment, biodegradation, biotransformation. 3. Introduction to the study of the origin of reactions, transport, influencing and extinction of chemical substances in the atmosphere, soil and water and human influence on these processes. Substance flows in the environment - natural and anthropogenically influenced 4. Basic physico-chemical properties of substances and environmental-chemical properties of individual components of the environment influencing the fate of substances in the environment. Possibilities of limiting the entry of contaminants into the environment and their elimination. 5. Basic processes influencing the fate of chemical substances in the environment (sorption, accumulation,…), transport processes of chemical substances in individual components of the environment (movement in the atmosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere and biosphere). 6. Basic transformation processes in the environment (oxidation and reduction, photochemical reactions, hydrolysis, biotransformation ..). 7. Distribution of substances in the environment, phase equilibria and interfacial transitions. Modeling the fate and distribution of chemicals in the environment at the local, regional and global levels. 8. Biogeochemical cycles: main elements C, O, N, P, S; The movement of chemical elements between organisms and inanimate parts of the atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere 9. Biogeochemical cycles: K, Fe, Mn, Ca, Al, trace elements. 10. Lithosphere - definition, composition; substance flows, physical and chemical processes. 11. Pedosphere - definition, composition, substance flows; chemical, physico-chemical processes. Soil pollution - primary, secondary, metals, nutrients, organic pollutants. Biosphere - basic characteristics, exposure of organisms, its consequences. 12. Hydrosphere - definition, hydrological cycle - material flows, chemical, physico-chemical processes; anthropogenic influences. Pollution of the hydrosphere. Water and its function, chemical composition, hydrological cycle. Types of pollution: petroleum substances, detergents, radioactive substances, inorganic and organic pollutants, artificial fertilizers, pesticides. 13.Atmosphere - definition, composition, substance flows, physical, chemical, physico-chemical processes. Atmospheric pollution. Basic properties of the atmosphere related to the dispersion of pollutants (temperature stratification, temperature, pressure, humidity). Natural chemical composition of the atmosphere. 14. Atmosphere - Pollutants, emissions, immissions, transport and dispersion of pollutants, sources of pollution in terms of origin, distribution and time. Primary and secondary pollution, values ​​of NPK, Kmax, Kd. Reactions of pollutants in the atmosphere, photochemical reactions. Smog oxidizing and reducing.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2021/2022 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Graded credit Graded credit 100 (100) 51
        Písemka 1 Written test 30  15
        Semestrální projekt Semestral project 20  10
        Zápočtová písemka Written test 50  22
Mandatory attendence parzicipation: 2 hours of lectures + 1 hour of exercises per week

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.ZaměřeníFormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2022/2023 (B0724HGF011) Environmental Protection within Industry K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2022/2023 (B0724HGF011) Environmental Protection within Industry P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner