546-0301/03 – Organic Pollutants (Ok)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year1Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2014/2015Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PER34 doc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Combined Credit and Examination 6+6

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The primary objective of lectures is to create a complete picture of modern organic chemistry and necessary basics for other lectures (Biochemistry, Instrumental methods of analysis, Toxicology and contaminants in environment). Students will acquire basic knowledge to understand reactivity and reactions of organic compounds. IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds and basic stereochemistry will also be discussed as necessary conditions.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Experimental work in labs
Other activities

Summary

The course is designed so that the students first acquire knowledges to understand the laws of organic chemistry compounds, followed by a summary of groups of organic compounds. Systematic view of important organic contaminants with aspect on their presence in environment will also be discussed.

Compulsory literature:

BEREKUTE A. K. Handbook of Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. 2017, 248. ISBN 978-3330035256. McMURRY, J. Organic chemistry. 8e. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning, c2012. ISBN 0840054440. Available from: http://m5zn.com/newuploads/2015/04/21/pdf/994f226e20e27cf.pdf. WILLIAM H. B. and T. POON. Introduction to organic chemistry. Fifth edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley, 2014. ISBN 9781118152188. MÖLLER D.: Chemistry for Environmental Scientists. De Gruyter, 2015, 380 pp. ISBN 978-3-11-041001-3.

Recommended literature:

ZENG Eddy Y. (Edit.). Microplastic Pollutants. Elsevier 2018, ISBN 9780128137475. SOLOMONS, T. W. G., C. B. FRYHLE and S. A. SNYDER. Organic chemistry. 12e. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2016. ISBN 978-1-118-87576-6. Available from: https://archive.org/details/SolomonOrganicChem. OUELLETTE, R. J. a N. J. RAWN. Organic chemistry. Boston: Elsevier, 2014. ISBN 9780128007808. ISAAC-GARCÍA, J., J. A. DOBADO JIMÉNEZ, F. G. CALVO-FLORES and H. MARTÍNEZ-GARCÍA. Experimental organic chemistry: laboratory manual. Amsterdam: Academic Press, 2016. ISBN 9780128038932.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Student knowledge is verified in written form, emphasis is given to understanding the subject and applying theoretical knowledge to solving practical problems. An active assessment of the students is also included in the class. Each lab starts with a 5-minute six-question test, which the student demonstrates that he reads the tutorials and is able to work safely and purposefully. At least 3 questions must be answered correctly so that the task can be completed. Each job is scored after the log is delivered (always the next hour) or unclassified if the protocol was not surrendered for the next hour or was delivered later.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Active participation in lectures and seminars.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Introduction to organic chemistry. Binding properties of carbon. Fundamentals of 1. Introduction. Basic concepts and definitions: Organic pollutants: distribution, classification, sources, input, transport, transformation reactions (chemical and photochemical), biotic reactions, biologically mediated reactions (microbial degradation). Effects on living organisms, bioavailability, bioaccumulation; bioconcentration, bioaccumulation; bioconcentration and bioaccumulation factor (BKF, BAF), Trophic Transfer Coefficient (TTC). 2. Fate of organic pollutants in the environment. Reaction kinetics: excretion, BCF, bioaccumulation, biotransformation, biodegradation. Balance in environmental systems: meaning of KOW constant; air / water balance; volatilization from water into the atmosphere; distribution in the water-air system, Henry\'s law; the relation of the movement and absorption. Air-aerosol balances; air-soil, air-biota; octanol / air partition coefficient KOA; equilibrium water - solid phase. 3. Organic Chemistry System and Nomenclature (IUPAC). Classification of organic compounds. Characteristic groups. Relationship between structure and properties of substances. Mezimolecular interactions. Reaction of organic compounds. Types of biodegradation reactions: dealkylation, dealkoxylation, decarboxylation, dehalogenation, ether cleavage, hydrolysis, hydroxylation, methylation, ring cleavage, oxidation and reduction. 4. Aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbons: nomenclature, properties, reactivity, resources, transport options to environmental compartments; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. Unsaturated hydrocarbons: nomenclature, properties, reactivity, resources, transport options; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. 5. Arenes (aromatic hydrocarbons): nomenclature, properties, reactivity, resources, transport possibilities to the components of the environment; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): their toxicological hazards, reactivity, sources, transport possibilities; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. Nitric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (nitroPAHs): their toxicological hazards, reactivity, resources, transport possibilities to the components of the environment; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. 6. Hydrocarbon derivatives: Halogen derivatives. Hydroxy derivatives. Ethers. Sulfur compounds: nomenclature, properties, reactivity, resources, transport options to environmental compartments; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. 7. Nitrogen derivatives: nomenclature, properties, reactivity, resources, transport possibilities to the components of the environment; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. Heterocyclic compounds. Five- and six-membered heterocycles: nomenclature, properties, reactivity, resources, transport options to environmental compartments; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. 8. Carbonyl compounds: nomenclature, properties, reactivity, sources, transport options to environmental compartments; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. 9. Organometallic compounds: nomenclature, properties, reactivity, resources, transport possibilities to the components of the environment; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. 10. Carboxylic acids: nomenclature, properties, reactivity, resources, transport options to environmental compartments; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. 11. Substituted acid derivatives: Halogenated acids. Hydroxyacids. nomenclature, properties, reactivity, resources, transport possibilities to the components of the environment; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. Functional acid derivatives: Acyl halides. Anhydrides. Esters. Amides. Nitriles. nomenclature, properties, reactivity, resources, transport possibilities to the components of the environment; their fate in the environment, the main ways of reducing their emissions in the environment. 12. Technically important organic substances I: Polymers: nomenclature, properties and structure of macromolecular substances. The most important groups of technical polymers, resources, transport possibilities to the components of the environment; their fate in the environment, environmental aspects of polymers in the environment, the main ways of reducing their quantity in the environment. 13. Technically important organic substances II: Pesticides, surfactants, organic dyes, pharmaceuticals. Characteristics, sources, occurrence, reaction, transport possibilities to the components of the environment; their fate in the environment, the effects on the environment. 14. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs): classification and classification, general properties of group representatives (PCBs, OCPs, PAHs, PCDDs / Fs, PCNs, PBDEs, PFCs, SCCPs), toxic effects, global importance of POPs in the environment, in the environment. International Conventions. POPs Inventory.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2016/2017 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Credit Credit 33 (33) 17
                Protokoly Laboratory work 15  8
                Chemická nomenklatura Written test 18  9
        Examination Examination 67  34
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 1 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 1 Compulsory study plan

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