546-0314/02 – Biology and Ecology (BiEk)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits4
Subject guarantordoc. Ing. Jiří Kupka, Ph.D.Subject version guarantorMgr. Iva Melčáková, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementChoice-compulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2005/2006Year of cancellation2014/2015
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
DIR40 prof. Ing. Vojtech Dirner, CSc.
CHO46 Mgr. Iva Melčáková, Ph.D.
STA35 doc. Ing. Barbara Stalmachová, CSc.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit 2+1
Combined Credit 9+0

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

After completion of the „Fundamentals of biology and ecology“ students will understand the origin of life on Earth, the basic units of life – cells, evolution of species and the diversity of life, ecology of communities, dynamic characteristics of ecosystems and global issues of the environment.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Tutorials
Experimental work in labs

Summary

After completion of the „Fundamentals of biology and ecology“ students will understand the origin of life on Earth, the basic units of life – cells, evolution of species and the diversity of life, ecology of communities, dynamic characteristics of ecosystems and global issues of the environment.

Compulsory literature:

Novotný,J.(2004):Biology,Masaryk University Brno. Porritt, J.(1992): Save the Earth, , Dorling Kindersley,London. Smith, R.L.(1991): Elements of Ecology, , Harper Collins Publishers, New York. Smith,R.L.,Smith,T.M.(2001): Ecology&field biology,San Francisco,Addison- Wesley Longman.

Recommended literature:

www.emc.maricopa.edu,online biology book,2001,Estrella Mountain Community College, Arizona.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Active participation of students in seminars. Development of the project to the specified topic in the required quality.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

Outline the subject 1. Cell theory - development, cell as a hierarchical system, the cell prokaryotic and eukaryotic, cell structure, cell membrane system, Cellular memory and inheritance, cell reproduction 2. Biology of viruses - structure of virions, viral genome, RNA and DNA viruses, virus structure, reproduction of viruses, bacteriophage, provirus, retroviruses, interactions cytopatologie virus - cell, oncogenic viruses and HIV virus 3. Plant tissue organs - concept, classification and characteristics of tissues, vegetative and generative organs 4. Animal tissues, organs and organ systems - concept, classification and characteristic of animal tissues, epithelia, nerve, muscle, connective tissue, organ system cover, Device support, movement, system orientation, management, metabolic systems, reproductive 5. Fundamentals of Genetics - asexual and sexual reproduction, mitosis, meiosis, crossing - over, human heredity 6. Photosynthesis - the definition of photosynthesis, photosynthetic structures and pigments, basic physics and biochemistry of photosynthesis, photorespiration, products photosynthesis and their importance, photosynthesis of C3, C4 and CAM plants 7. Breathing - the concept of respiration, respiratory substrate, respiratory quotient, mechanisms of breathing 8. Introduction to ecology - definition, basic concepts of history, structure 9. Abiogenic and biogenic and environmental factors - tolerance limits of organisms, measurement of factors, intraspecific and interspecific relations at populations and communities, ecological niche 10. Biogeochemical cycles of C, O2, H2O, P, N, S and selected risk elements in ecosystems 11. Energy flow in ecosystems, food chains and networks, energy efficiency of energy transfer, production and productivity of terrestrial and aquatic Ecosystems 12. Ecological stability - the term, dynamic equilibrium, metastability, quasistacionar states of ecosystems, succession and climax, the theory of stress 13. Problems associated with the man in the biosphere - the impact on the individual components environment, energy intensity of human activities, and non-renewable renewable sources of energy of fossil fuels, biomass energy, Sun energy, wind energy, nuclear energy 14. Environmental contamination - foreign substances, monitoring, biomarkers, substances injurious to health (toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic, genotoxic, allergenic)

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 1960/1961 Summer semester, validity until: 2011/2012 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation Credit 85 (85) 0
        Project Project 32  0
        Written exam Written test 40  0
        Other task type Other task type 13  0
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2006/2007 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan
2005/2006 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Choice-compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

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