546-0320/03 – Contaminants in the Environment (KontŽP)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits5
Subject guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.Subject version guarantorprof. Ing. Helena Raclavská, CSc.
Study levelundergraduate or graduate
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2008/2009Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PLA88 doc. Ing. Daniela Plachá, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit and Examination 2+2
Combined Credit and Examination 6+6

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The identification of pollutants from legislation point of view. Acquire of knowledge on behaviour of pollutants in environment on the basis of their environmental properties (bioaccumalition index, ecotoxicity, Kow). The classification of hazardous components and especially hazardous components in water environment.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Project work

Summary

The aim of the subject "Pollutants in the environment" is introduction to the basic term of environmental chemistry. Th students are acquitants with chemicals and elements, which are present in the environment during impact of anthropogenous activity. The students received the physico-chemical, toxicological properties and information about fate of pollutants in the environment and also their influence on living organisms.

Compulsory literature:

Lipnick L. (2002): Chemicals in the environment: fate, impacts and remediation. American Chemical Society, 1-508. Lancaste M. (2010): Green chemistry: an introductory text. Cambridge Royal Society of Chemistry, 2nd Edition. Schecter A. (2012): Dioxins and health including other persistant organic pollutants and endocrine disruptors. 3rd Edition. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-60529-5, 1-680. Walker D. (2011): Fuels and the environment. Evans Brothers, 1-288.

Recommended literature:

Des Connell: Basic Concepts of Environmental Chemistry. 2nd.ed Boca Raton: Francis Group, 462s. ISBN 978-1-5667-0676-6. 2005. Loon, G.W., Duffy, S.J. Environmental chemistry. A global perspective. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press. 514s. ISBN-10: 0-19-927499-1. 2005.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Knowledge tests from lessons (2 x during semester).

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

The basic knowledge of chemistry (level: secondary school).

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1.Introduction. Environment. The main compounds of the environment. Local end global problems of pollution of environment. Biogeochemical cycles of most important elements. 2.Chemical components – pollutants in the environment. The occurence, fate and influence of pollutants on living organisms, the processes influencing the distribution and fate of pollutants, transport processes. 3.Chemical reaction of pollutants in all environmental components. The phase equilibrium. Kinetics of chemical reactions and thermodynamics. 4.The general group of pollutants. Green house gasses CO2, N2O, CH4 (greenhouse effect). Sources, input, transport, fate in environment, influence on environment. 5.Heavy metals: As, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Pb, Hg, Ni, Zn, V, Sn. Sources, input, transport, fate and influence on environment. 6.Organic pollutants. Distribution, classification, volatile organic matter. Sources, input, transport, fate and influence on living organisms. 7.POPs. The basic properties, toxic impacts, classifications. Sources, input, transport, fate and influence on living organisms, toxic properties. The international conventions, Inventory checks of POPs. 8.The properties of individual groups of POPS: PCBs, PAHs, PCDDs/Fs, PCNs, PBDE, PFCs, SCCPs. The source, occurence, presence and reaction. 9.Other groups of pollutants: oil hydrocarbons, detergents, fertilizers, organometallic compounds, radioactive elements. Properties, sources, occurences, the form of presence, reactions, influence on 10.Pollutions of atmosphere. The basis properties of atmosphere, compositions and structure, emmisions, aerosols, reaction of pollutants in atmosphere, dispersion of pollutants in atmosphere, aerosols, acidifications. Ozone layer, the factors influencing of ozone layer. 11.Hydrosphere. Properties, function, classification. Pollutions of hydrosphere, pollutions of sediments. 12.Pedosphere. The composition and properties of soils. The pedogenetic soil factors and processes. Contamination of urban soils, forest soils and agricultural soils. 13.Evaluation of risks connected with presence of pollutants in environment. 14.Limitation of input of pollutants in the environment.

Conditions for subject completion

Full-time form (validity from: 2013/2014 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 17
                Other task type Other task type 33  17
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 34
                Written examination Written examination 30  15
                Oral Oral examination 37  19
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history
Combined form (validity from: 2012/2013 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 33 (33) 17
                Other task type Other task type 33  17
        Examination Examination 67 (67) 34
                Written examination Written examination 30  15
                Oral Oral examination 37  19
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

Show history

Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R005) Environmental Engineering P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner