546-0335/02 – Instrumental Methods of Analysis I (IMA I)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits8
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semestersummer
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2007/2008Year of cancellation2014/2015
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PER34 doc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
SAR059 Ing. Eliška Sarčáková
JOC016 Ing. Lenka Svidrová
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit 2+4
Combined Credit and Examination 12+6

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The main objective of lectures is to create a compact picture about modern analytical chemistry. Lectures are conceived so that students get an overview of general parts of analytical chemistry, which serves as a necessity to understand the laws of chemistry and reaction analysis and then is followed with an overview of various groups of practical activities, leading to the determination of the reference analyte.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Experimental work in labs
Other activities

Summary

The aim of the course is to broaden and deepen knowledge of chemical laboratory techniques including gaining practical skills. The aim of the course is to deepen students' readiness to solve analytic problems by selected instrumental methods. Provide an overview of selected analytical methods and procedures used to analyze real environmental samples and chemometric evaluation of analytical results.

Compulsory literature:

PERTILE, E. Instrumental Methods of Analysis. Ostrava: Vysoká škola báňská - Technická univerzita Ostrava, 2017. ISBN 978-80-248-4124-3. CHANG R. Chemistry. 10th Edition. McGraw-Hill: New York, 2010. 1170 p. Available from: https://archive.org/details/Chemistry_10th_Edition_Raymond_Chang. GRANGER, B. New developments in analytical chemistry research. New York: Nova Publishers, 2015. Chemistry research and applications series. ISBN 1634634276. ANDRADE G., J. M. A. CARLOSENA ZUBIETA, M. P. GÓMEZ-CARRACEDO, M. Á. MAESTRO SAAVEDRA, M. C. PRIETO-BLANCO and R. M. SOTO-FERREIRO. Problems of instrumental analytical chemistry: a hands-on guide. New Jersey: World Scientific, 2017. Essential textbooks in chemistry. ISBN 978-1-78634-179-2.

Recommended literature:

Trends in Environmental Analytical Chemistry [online]. 2018, 17-20(4). ISSN 2214-1588. Dostupné z: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/trends-in-environmental-analytical-chemistry. HANRAHAN, G. Key concepts in environmental chemistry. Burlington: Elsevier Science, 2011. ISBN 9780080961705. Dostupné z: http://booksite.elsevier.com/samplechapters/9780123749932/Front_Matter.pdf. AHUJA, S. Chemistry and water: the science behind sustaining the world's most crucial resource. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2017. ISBN 978-0-12-809330-6. Dostupné z: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780128093306. PETROZZI, S. Practical instrumental analysis: methods, quality assurance and laboratory management. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, c2013. ISBN 978-3-527-32951-9.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Knowledge achieved during the semester is revised in each practical training (laboratory exeercise). At the beginning of each laboratory exercise the student has to pass an entrance test, which contains brief questions on a laboratory task that he/she is supposed to perform that day. The test also contains questions related to labour safety and laboratory practice.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Active participation in lectures and seminars.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Defining the problem. Basic concepts. Processes of obtaining information. The basic division of analytical methods. 2. Basic units and concentration calculations. Types of interactions. Chemical equilibrium in analytical chemistry. Appraisal reactions. 3. The process of analysis - the general outline: the role of formulation and solution design, sampling, sample treatment before analysis, separation and concentration steps, their measurement, evaluation of measurement of results of analysis, design work resulting from the data obtained. 4. Sampling, sampling guidelines. Standard operating procedures for sampling, system QA / QC. 5. Basic parameters of sampling abiotic and biotic matrices. Sampling of air, including passive sampling. 6. Sampling of drinking and surface water, sediment sampling, groundwater and waste watersampling, sampling of sewage water, sampling of pedosphere. 7. Sampling of biotic matrices. Waste sampling. 8. Sample treatment prior to analysis. Non-destructive analytical methods. Destructive analytical methods: dissolution of samples and sample analysis, agents of mineralization. 9. Separation and concentration steps: elimination of interferents with chemical methods (masking) and physical separations. Separation methods: extraction, ion-exchange. The effectiveness of a separation process. 10. Evaluation of analytical results and procedures and expressing analytical results. Proposal for actions arising from the data obtained. Principles of good laboratory practice. Introduction to chemometrics. 11. Basics of qualitative analysis: classical system of separation of cations - hydrogen sulphide system, analytical classes of anions. Other criteria for determining anions. Evidence of hetero-organic substances. 12. Overview of basic analytical methods and their general characteristics: methods based on weighing, measuring volume. Gravimetric analysis: the principle of gravimetry, analytical use. Basic steps of analysis: sample preparation, precipitation, aging of the precipitate, washing and filtration, drying and annealing, weighing clots calculating the concentration. 13. Quantitative chemical analysis. Volumetric analysis (volumetry): general procedure for determining, detecting the end point of the titration, titration curves, the calculation of the analyte from the titration data. Types of volumetric determinations and their applications: acid-base titration, precipitation titration, complexometric titration, redox titration. The principle analytical use. 14. Trends in analytical chemistry - mobile analytics. Exercises syllabus: Laboratory exercises supplies lectures and accentuates the acquisition of basic operations of chemical analysis. All laboratory work must be carried out safely, that is why students will get familiar with the labour safety in the laboratory at the beginning of the course. The objective of exercises is to acquaint students with classical methods of quantitative analysis.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2012/2013 Winter semester, validity until: 2014/2015 Summer semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Exercises evaluation and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51
        Exercises evaluation Credit 45  26
        Examination Examination 55 (55) 25
                Written examination Written examination 25  15
                Oral Oral examination 30  10
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2014/2015 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2013/2014 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2012/2013 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2011/2012 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2010/2011 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2009/2010 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2008/2009 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2007/2008 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2014/2015 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2013/2014 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block
O - ECTS FMG - Bc. 2012/2013 Full-time Czech Optional 501 - Study Office stu. block