546-0335/03 – Instrumental Methods of Analysis I (IMA I)

Gurantor departmentDepartment of Environmental EngineeringCredits6
Subject guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.Subject version guarantordoc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Study levelundergraduate or graduateRequirementCompulsory
Year2Semesterwinter
Study languageCzech
Year of introduction2015/2016Year of cancellation
Intended for the facultiesHGFIntended for study typesBachelor
Instruction secured by
LoginNameTuitorTeacher giving lectures
PER34 doc. Mgr. Eva Pertile, Ph.D.
Extent of instruction for forms of study
Form of studyWay of compl.Extent
Full-time Credit 1+4
Combined Credit 3+12

Subject aims expressed by acquired skills and competences

The main objective of lectures is to create a compact picture about modern analytical chemistry. Lectures are conceived so that students get an overview of general parts of analytical chemistry, which serves as a necessity to understand the laws of chemistry and reaction analysis and then is followed with an overview of various groups of practical activities, leading to the determination of the reference analyte.

Teaching methods

Lectures
Experimental work in labs
Other activities

Summary

The aim of the course is to broaden and deepen knowledge of chemical laboratory techniques including gaining practical skills. The aim of the course is to deepen students' readiness to solve analytic problems by selected instrumental methods. Provide an overview of selected analytical methods and procedures used to analyze real environmental samples and chemometric evaluation of analytical results.

Compulsory literature:

PERTILE, E. Instrumental Methods of Analysis. Ostrava: Vysoká škola báňská - Technická univerzita Ostrava, 2017. ISBN 978-80-248-4124-3. CHANG R. Chemistry. 10th Edition. McGraw-Hill: New York, 2010. 1170 p. Available from: https://archive.org/details/Chemistry_10th_Edition_Raymond_Chang. GRANGER, B. New developments in analytical chemistry research. New York: Nova Publishers, 2015. Chemistry research and applications series. ISBN 1634634276. ANDRADE G., J. M. A. CARLOSENA ZUBIETA, M. P. GÓMEZ-CARRACEDO, M. Á. MAESTRO SAAVEDRA, M. C. PRIETO-BLANCO and R. M. SOTO-FERREIRO. Problems of instrumental analytical chemistry: a hands-on guide. New Jersey: World Scientific, 2017. Essential textbooks in chemistry. ISBN 978-1-78634-179-2.

Recommended literature:

Trends in Environmental Analytical Chemistry [online]. 2018, 17-20(4). ISSN 2214-1588. Dostupné z: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/trends-in-environmental-analytical-chemistry. HANRAHAN, G. Key concepts in environmental chemistry. Burlington: Elsevier Science, 2011. ISBN 9780080961705. Dostupné z: http://booksite.elsevier.com/samplechapters/9780123749932/Front_Matter.pdf. AHUJA, S. Chemistry and water: the science behind sustaining the world's most crucial resource. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2017. ISBN 978-0-12-809330-6. Dostupné z: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780128093306. PETROZZI, S. Practical instrumental analysis: methods, quality assurance and laboratory management. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, c2013. ISBN 978-3-527-32951-9.

Way of continuous check of knowledge in the course of semester

Student knowledge is verified in written form, emphasis is given to understanding the subject and applying theoretical knowledge to solving practical problems. Each student works individually on the solved task and draws up a laboratory protocol, which he submits for inspection. The level and accuracy of the laboratory protocol is evaluated by a point assessment. Verification of the acquired knowledge is done by means of control tests (computational and theoretical) and the final credit test.

E-learning

Další požadavky na studenta

Active participation in the exercises, demonstrated the successful treatment of partial tasks, regularly entered in the semester.

Prerequisities

Subject has no prerequisities.

Co-requisities

Subject has no co-requisities.

Subject syllabus:

1. Definition of issues. Basic concepts. Information retrieval processes. Basic division of analytical methods with focus on environmental analysis. 2. Basic concentration units and calculations. Types of interactions. Chemical equilibrium. Evaluation of analytical reactions. 3. Analysis process - general curriculum: problem formulation and solution design, sampling of environmental components (water, soil, air, waste, green matter, PM etc.), sample preparation before analysis, separation and concentration steps, and the expression of the results of the analysis, the design of the activity resulting from the data obtained. 4. Sampling, sampling, error sources. Standard operating procedures for sampling; QA / QC system. 5. Basic parameters of sampling of abiotic and biotic matrices of the environment. Air sampling, including passive sampling; sampling PM. 6. Sampling of drinking and surface water; sampling of sediments; sampling of underground and waste water; sampling of sludge from sewage treatment plants; sampling of the pedosphere. 7. Sampling of biotic matrices. Waste sampling 8. Modify the sample before analysis. Nondestructive methods. Destructive methods: dissolution and decomposition of samples, mineralizers. 9. Separation and concentration steps: elimination of interferences by chemical means and physical separation. Separation methods: division according to principle and experimental arrangement. Extraction. Separation on ion exchangers. Effectiveness of the separation process. 10. Evaluation of analytical results and procedures and expression of analysis results. Statistical processing of results. Activity design resulting from the data obtained. Principles of Good Laboratory Practice. Fundamentals of chemometry. 11. Fundamentals of qualitative analysis: classical system of cation division - hydrogen sulfide system, analytical classes of anions. Additional criteria for determining anions. Evidence of heteroatoms in organic matter. 12. Overview of basic analytical methods and their general properties: methods based on weighing, volume measurement. Degradative analysis - gravimetry: gravimetry principle, analytical utilization. Basic steps of analysis: sample preparation, precipitation, clot maturation, washing and filtration, drying and annealing, clot weighing, concentration calculation. Applications in environmental component analysis; Advantages, disadvantages. 13. Quantitative chemical analysis. Volumetric analysis: general assay procedure, determination of the end point of titration, titration curves, calculation of analyte content from titration data. Types of measurement and their application: acidobase titration, precipitation titration, complexometric titration, redox titration. Principle, analytical use. 14. Development trends in analytical chemistry - mobile analytics.

Conditions for subject completion

Combined form (validity from: 2016/2017 Winter semester)
Task nameType of taskMax. number of points
(act. for subtasks)
Min. number of points
Credit Credit 85 (85) 43
        Protokoly Laboratory work 37  19
        Výpočtový protokol Laboratory work 24  12
        Zápočtový test Written test 24  12
Mandatory attendence parzicipation:

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Occurrence in study plans

Academic yearProgrammeField of studySpec.FormStudy language Tut. centreYearWSType of duty
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2019/2020 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2018/2019 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2017/2018 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2016/2017 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal K Czech Most 2 Compulsory study plan
2015/2016 (B2102) Mineral Raw Materials (3904R022) Waste Treatment and Disposal P Czech Ostrava 2 Compulsory study plan

Occurrence in special blocks

Block nameAcademic yearForm of studyStudy language YearWSType of blockBlock owner